Common Name: lungwort
Type: Herbaceous perennial
Zone: 4 to 9
Height: 0.75 to 1.00 feet
Spread: 1.50 to 2.00 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: Cobalt blue
Sun: Part shade to full shade
Suggested Use: Ground Cover, Naturalize
Tolerate: Deer, Heavy Shade, Black Walnut
Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. Prefers cool, organically rich, humusy soils that are kept consistently moist. Soils must not be allowed to dry out. Plants may go into dormancy in the heat of a St. Louis summer if soils become too dry. Foliage may depreciate considerably in hot summer weather and may scorch if grown in too much sun. Although plants tolerate light morning sun, they need afternoon shade. Remove flower stems immediately after bloom. Plants spread slowly by creeping roots. Divide plants in fall if they become too crowded. Plant leaves may retain some color in warm winters.
Pulmonaria is a genus of about 17 species of deciduous or evergreen herbaceous perennials from Europe and Asia. Lungworts are shade plants that, like many of the hostas, are often valued more for their attractive foliage than for their spring flowers.
Genus name comes from the Latin pulmo meaning lung in reference to a former use of plant leaves in the treatment of lung diseases.
Common name of lungwort is in reference to the supposed resemblance of the blotched/spotted leaves to a diseased lung.
‘Trevi Fountain’ is a mounding variety that features slender, silver-spotted leaves and large cobalt-blue flowers. It typically grows in a basal clump to 11” tall and spreads to 25” wide. Narrow, lance-shaped, green leaves are spotted with silver. Drooping clusters (terminal cymes) of funnel-shaped, cobalt blue flowers appear on short stalks just above the foliage in spring. This cultivar is a hybrid between P. longifolia ‘Bertram Anderson’ and P. vallarsae ‘Margery Fish’. U.S. Plant Patent #PP13,047 issued October 1, 2002.
No serious insect or disease problems. Slugs and snails are occasional insect pests. Powdery mildew can be a significant problem on some lungworts, particularly if soils are allowed to dry in summer. Leaves can depreciate considerably in extremely hot weather and/or too much sun (scorch).
‘Trevi Fountain’ reportedly has good resistance to powdery mildew.
Excellent foliage plant for shady areas of the landscape. Spring flowers are also attractive. Best grown in groups or massed as a ground cover. Best in woodland or shade gardens, shaded border areas or shaded areas of rock gardens. Also can be an effective edging plant for shady paths.