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Martin Callmander, Ph.D.Martin Callmander, Ph.D.
Assistant Curator and Technical Advisor for the Conservation and Research Program in Antananarivo, Madagascar
Africa and Madagascar

Research Associate, Conservatoire et jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève, Switzerland
Research Associate, Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland

St. Louis address:
office phone: + 1 (314) 577-9453
fax: + 1 (314) 577-9596

Missouri Botanical Garden
P.O. Box 299
St. Louis, MO 63166-0299

Geneva address:
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques
Ch. de l'Impératrice 1
CP 60 CH-1292 Chambésy, Genève
office phone: 41-22-418 52 29
fax: 41-22-418 51 01

Post-Doc, University of Missouri Saint-Louis & Missouri Botanical Garden; in Conservation and Red List assessment, 2004
Ph.D., University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland; in Biogeography and Systematics, 2003
M.S., University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland; in Ecology and systematics, 1998
Inventory and systematics of the Malagasy flora (special taxonomic interests: Bignoniaceae, Pandanaceae and Sapindaceae) Biogeography of the western Indian Ocean (especially Madagascar) and the southern Pacific Ocean using ecological, molecular and systematic tools Using botanical data to evaluate endemism and better conserve the remaining forests in this biodiversity hotspot
Available upon request
Research Emphases Systematic, phylogeny and biogeography of Pandanaceae (with S. Buerki, M.O. Laivao and others) Systematic, phylogeny and biogeography of Sapindaceae (with S. Buerki, N. Alvarez, F. Forest, J. Munzinger, P. Lowry, P.B. Phillipson and others) Understanding the biogeography of Northern Madagascar (with L. Gautier, L. Nusbaumer and others) Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar, with revisions of selected genera (with P. B. Phillipson, P. Lowry and others) Red Listing and Plant Conservation in Madagascar and Mauritius
Selected Publications Gallaher, T., M.W. Callmander, S. Buerki & S. Keeley (2015). A long distance dispersal hypothesis for the Pandanaceae and the origins of the Pandanus tectorius complex. Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution 83: 20-32. Beentje H.J. & M.W. Callmander (2014). Pandanaceae. In: J.P. Lebrun & A.L. Stork (ed.), Tropical African Flowering Plants - Ecology and Distribution 8: 316-323. Conservatoire et jardins botaniques de la Ville de Genève. Callmander, M.W. (2014). Validating a striking new species endemic from New Caledonia: Pandanus bernardii H.St.John ex Callm., sp. nov. (Pandanaceae) and its monospecific section: Pandanus Parkinson sect. Bernardia B.C.Stone ex Callm., sect. nov. Adansonia ser. 3, 36: 45-51. Kamel, M, U.M Ghazaly & M.W. Callmander (2014). Conservation status of the Endangered Nubian dragon tree Dracaena ombet in Gebel Elba National Park, Egypt. Oryx (Published online: 01 July 2014). Callmander, M.W., I. Luino, S. Da-Giau, C. Rakotovao & L. Gautier (2014). A synoptic revision of the genus Socratina Balle (Loranthaceae) in Madagascar. Candollea 69(1): 65-73. Callmander, M.W., E.A. Tripp & P.B. Phillipson (2014). A new name in Ruellia L. (Acanthaceae) for Madagascar. Candollea 69(1): 81-83. Callmander, M.W., S. Buerki, & A.P. Keim & P.B. Phillipson (2014). Notes on Benstonea (Pandanaceae) from the islands of Halmahera, New Guinea and Sulawesi. Phytotaxa 175(3): 161-165. Callmander, M.W., R. Bolliger, M. Hanitrarivo & L. Nusbaumer (2013). Pandanus tsingycola Callm. & Nusb. (Pandanaceae), a new species from western Madagascar forest. Candollea 68: 229-235. Schatz, G.E., P.P. Lowry II, C. Mas & M.W. Callmander (2013). Further nomenclatural notes on Malagasy Diospyros L. Candollea 68: 307-309. Callmander, M.W., P.B. Phillipson, J.A. Wearn & R.P.J. de Kok (2013). Adieu Adelosa Blume (Lamiaceae): Further observations on Rotheca Raf. for Madagascar. Candollea 68: 316-320. Gautier, L., Bolliger, R., Callmander, M.W., Hanitrarivo, M.R., Luino, I., Nusbaumer, L., Phillipson, P., Ranaivarisoa, L., Ranirison, P., Rakotozafy, B. F.L., Rasolofo, N. & Tahinarivony, J.A. (2013). Inventaire des plantes vasculaires de la région de Beanka, Région Melaky, Ouest de Madagascar. In: La forêt de Beanka, Région Melaky, Ouest de Madagascar, eds. S. M. Goodman, L. Gautier & M. J. Raherilalao. Malagasy Nature 7: 127-160. Munzinger, J., P.P. Lowry II, M.W. Callmander & S. Buerki (2013). A taxonomic revision of the endemic New Caledonian genus Podonephelium Baillon (Sapindaceae). Systematic Botany 38: 1105-1124. Phillipson, P.B. & M.W. Callmander (2013). A clarification of B.C. Seeman's Malagasy species of Colea Meisn. (Bignoniaceae). Candollea 68: 67-72. Callmander, M.W. & S. Buerki (2013). A new species of Pandanaceae from New Caledonia: Pandanus letocartiorum Callm. & Buerki, with notes on the taxonomic identities of P. decumbens (Brongn.) Solms and P. reticulatus Vieill. Candollea 68: 51-60. Callmander, M.W., T. Booth, H. Beentje & S. Buerki (2013). Update on the systematics of Benstonea (Pandanaceae): when a visionary taxonomist foresees phylogenetic relationships. Phytotaxa 112: 57-60. Rakotondranibe, H., J. Bowman, P. Brodie, C. Slebodnick, M.W. Callmander, E. Rakotobe, R. Randrianaivo, V. Rasamison, A. Gorka, P. Roepe, M. Cassera & D.G. Kingston (2013). Antiproliferative and antiplasmodial dimeric phloroglucinols from Mallotus oppositifolius from the Madagascar Dry Forest. Journal of Natural Products 76: 388-393. Buerki, S. D.S. Devey, M.W. Callmander, P.B. Phillipson & F. Forest (2013). Spatio-temporal history of the endemic genera of Madagascar. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 304-329. Buerki, S., C. Davidson, J.T. Pereira & M.W. Callmander (2013). A new species of Trigonachras (Sapindaceae) endemic from Sabah, Malaysia (Borneo). Phytotaxa 88 (2): 19-24. Wohlhauser S. & M.W. Callmander (2012). Exacum alberti-grimaldii Wohlh. & Callm. (Gentianaceae), a new endemic species from northern Madagascar. Candollea 67(2): 373-378. Callmander, M.W. & P.B. Phillipson (2012). A new endemic species of Rotheca Raf. (Lamiaceae) from Magascar. Candollea 67(2): 369-372. Callmander, M.W., P.P. Lowry II, F. Forest, D.S. Devey, H. Beentje & S. Buerki (2012). Benstonea Callm. & Buerki (Pandanaceae): characterization, circumscription, and distribution of a new genus of screw-pines, with a synopsis of accepted species. Candollea 67(2): 323-345. Buerki, S.*, M.W. Callmander*, D.S. Devey, L. Chappell, T. Gallaher, J. Munzinger, T. Haevermans & F. Forest. (2012). Straightening out the screw-pines: a first step in understanding phylogenetic relationships within Pandanaceae. Taxon 61(5): 1010-1020. (*joint first authors). Callmander, M.W. & P.B. Phillipson (2012). Two new species of the genus Stereospermum (Bignoniaceae) from Madagascar. Novon 22(2):141-147. Dai,Y., L. Harinantenaina, P.J. Brodie, M.W. Callmander, R. Randrianaivo, S. Rakotonandrasana, E. Rakotobe, V.E. Rasamison & D.G.I. Kingston. (2012). Antiproliferative Acetogenins from a Uvaria sp. from the Madagascar Dry Forest. Journal of Natural Products 75(3): 479-483. Callmander, M.W., P.P. Lowry II & P. B. Phillipson. (2012). Novelties from the Northern Mountains Complex of Madagascar. III. Two new species of Turraea L. (Meliaceae). Adansonia 34(1): 93-102. Callmander, M.W. & P. B. Phillipson. (2012). Two new species in the genus Colea Bojer ex Meisn. (Bignoniaceae) endemic to Madagascar. Adansonia 34(1): 115-122. Hardion, L., R. Verlaque, M.W. Callmander & B. Vila. (2012). Arundo micrantha Lam. (Poaceae), the correct name for A. mauritanica Desf. and A. mediterranea Danin. Candollea 67(1): 131-135. Callmander, M.W. & P.B. Phillipson. (2012). Notes on the genus Ochna L. (Ochnaceae) in Madagascar. Candollea 67(1): 142-144. Buerki, S., F. Forest, M.W. Callmander, P.P. Lowry II, D.S. Devey & J. Munzinger. (2012). Phylogenetic inference of New Caledonian lineages of Sapindaceae: Molecular evidence requires a reassessment of generic circumscriptions. Taxon 61(1): 109-119. Harinantenaina, L. P.J. Brodie, M.W. Callmander, J. Razafitsalama, V.E. Rasamison, E. Rakotobe & D.G.I. Kingston. (2012). Two antiproliferative saponins of Tarenna grevei from the Madagascar dry forest. Natural Product Communication 7: 705-708. Gautier, L., C. Chatelain, M.W. Callmander & P.B. Phillipson. (2012). Richness, similarity and specificity of Madagascar flora compared with Sub-Saharan Africa. Plant Ecology and Evolution 145(1): 55-64. Dai, Y., L. Harinantenaina, P.J. Brodie, M.W. Callmander, S. Randrianasolo, E. Rakotobe, V.E. Rasamison & D.G.I. Kingston (2012). Isolation and synthesis of two antiproliferative calamenene-type sesquiterpenoids from Sterculia tavia from the Madagascar Rain Forest. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 20: 6940-6944. Callmander, M.W., P.B. Phillipson & L. Nusbaumer. (2011). The genus Ophiocolea (Bignoniaceae) in northern Madagascar with description of four new species and two lectotypifications. Candollea 66 (1): 133-142. Callmander, M.W., P.B. Phillipson, C. Nepi & M.O. Laivao. (2011). Lectotypification of the Malagasy species of Pandanus (Pandanaceae) described by U. Martelli and R. Pichi-Sermolli. Webbia 66(1): 3-19. Callmander, M.W., P.B. Phillipson, G.E. Schatz, S. Andriambololonera, M. Rabarimanarivo, N. Rakotonirina, J. Raharimampionona, C. Chatelain, L. Gautier & P.P. Lowry II. (2011). The endemic and non-endemic vascular flora of Madagascar updated. Plant Ecology and Evolution 144(2): 121-125. Callmander, M.W., S. Buerki & P. B. Phillipson. (2011). Nomenclatural changes in the endemic genus Tina (Sapindaceae) in Madagascar. Candollea 66(1): 124-126. Buerki, S., P.B. Phillipson & M.W. Callmander (2011). Taxonomic revision of the genus Gouania Jacq. (Rhamnaceae) in Madagascar, the Comoro Islands and Mascareignes. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 98(2): 157-195. Buerki, S., P.P. Lowry II, S. Andriambololonera, P.B. Phillipson, L. Vary & M.W. Callmander. (2011). How to kill two genera with one tree: clarifying generic circumscriptions within an endemic Malagasy clade of Sapindaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 165: 223-234. Callmander, M.W. & N. Fumeaux. (2011). (1991) Proposal to conserve the name Pandanus pervilleanus against Pandanus boucheanus (Pandanaceae). Taxon 60: 235-236. Callmander, M.W., P.B. Phillipson & S. Buerki. (2010). The genus Brackenridgea A.Gray (Ochnaceae) in Madagascar. Candollea 65(2): 374-375. Gautier L. & M.W. Callmander. (2010). Forsyth-Major 348: four collections, two names, all referring to Mimulopsis madagascariensis (Acanthaceae). Candollea 65(2): 372-373. Callmander, M.W., P.B. Phillipson, R.E. Gereau, G. Aymonin & A. Sultan. (2010). The genus Korthalsella (Santalaceae) in Madagascar. Candollea 65(2): 368-371. Gautier, L., L. Nusbaumer, I. Larridon & M.W. Callmander. (2010). Distribution of Cyperus chamaecephalus Cherm., a forest undergrowth species with inconspicuous inflorescences. Candollea 65(2): 365-367. Callmander, M.W., J.-N. Labat & B.D. Schrire. (2010). Dealing with Indigofera nivea (Leguminosae) - a new name for Madagascar and a new combination for Africa. Candollea 65(2): 363-364. Applequist, W.L., M.W. Callmander, G. Davidse, A. Sennikov, M. Thulin, P. Vorster & G.Yatskievych (2010). Apportionment of institutional votes for the Nomenclature Section: a rebuttal to Smith & al. Taxon 59: 1567-1570. Pan E., L. Harinantenaina, P.J. Brodie, J.S. Miller, M.W. Callmander, S. Rakotonandrasana, E. Rakotobe, V.E. Rasamison, & D.G.I. Kingston. (2010). Four Diphenylpropanes and a Cycloheptadibenzofuran from Bussea sakalava from the Madagascar Dry Forest. Journal of Natural Products 73(11): 1792-1795. Harinantenaina, L., P.J. Brodie, C. Slebodnick, M.W. Callmander, E. Rakotobe, S. Randrianasolo, R. Randrianaivo, V.E. Rasamison, K. TenDyke, Y. Shen, E.M. Suh & D.G.I. Kingston. (2010). Antiproliferative Compounds from Pongamiopsis pervilleana from the Madagascar Dry Forest. Journal of Natural Products 73(9): 1559-1562. Callmander, M.W., M.O. Laivao & R. Randrianaivo. 2010. A new species of Pandanaceae from Northern Madagascar: Pandanus ankaranensis. Novon 20(3): 243-247. Buerki, S., P.P. Lowry II., N. Alvarez, S.G. Razafimandimbison, P. Küpfer & M.W. Callmander. 2010. Sapindaceae Revisited: Molecular Sequence Data, Morphology and Biogeography Support Recognition of a New Family, Xanthoceraceae. Plant Ecology and Evolution 142(2). 148-159. [supplementary material] Buerki, S., Lowry II, P.P., Phillipson P.B. & M.W. Callmander (2010). Gereaua, a new endemic genus of Sapindaceae from Madagascar. Syst. Bot. 35(1): 172-180. Buerki, S., M.W. Callmander, P.P. Lowry II and P.B. Phillipson. 2009. A synoptic revision of the genus Lepisanthes Blume (Sapindaceae) in Madagascar. Adansonia, sér. 3., 31(2): 301-309. Callmander, M.W., L. Gautier & S.M. Trigui. (2009). Pandanus nusbaumeri (Pandanaceae), a new endemic species from the Montagne d’Ambre (northern Madagascar). Candollea 64(2): 213-218. Callmander, M.W., Rakotovao, C., Razafitsalama, J., Buerki, S., Hong-Wa, C., Rakotoarivelo, N., Andriambololonera, S., Koopman, M., Johnson, Deroin, T., Andriamandranto, R., Solo, S., Phillipson, P.B., Labat J.-N. & P. P. Lowry II. (2009). New species of two unknown and severely threatened mountainous areas in north-western Madagascar: the Galoka and Kalabenono massifs. Candollea 64(2): 179-202. Hou, Y., Cao, S. Brodie, P.J., Callmander, M.W., Ratovoson, F., Randrianaivo, R., Rakotobe, E. Rasamison, V.E., Rakotonandrasana, S., TenDyke, K., Suh E. M. & D.G.I. Kingston. 2009. Antiproliferative Cardenolide Glycosides of Elaeodendron alluaudianum from the Madagascar Rainforest. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 17: 2215-2218. Hou, Y., Cao, S. Brodie, P.J., Callmander, M.W., Ratovoson, F., Rakotobe, E. Rasamison, V. E., Ratsimbason, M., Alumasa, J. N., Roepe P. D. & D.G.I. Kingston. 2009. Antiproliferative and antimalarial anthraquinones of Scutia myrtina from the Madagascar forest. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 17: 2871-2876. Buerki, S., Callmander, M.W., Schüpfer, F., Ravokatra, M. & N. Alvarez. 2009. Inconsistency between morphology, biogeography and phylogeny in the Malagasy Dracaena Vand. ex. L. (Ruscaceae). Plant Systematic and Evolution 280: 15-28. Callmander, M.W., Buerki, S. & S. Wohlhauser. 2008. A new threatened species of Pandanaceae from northwestern Madagascar: Pandanus sermolliana. Novon 18(4): 421-424. Callmander, M.W., P.B. Phillipson & S. Buerki. 2008. Révision du genre Bathiorhamnus Capuron (Rhamnaceae) endémique de Madagascar. Adansonia, sér. 3, 30(1): 151-170. Buerki, S., Forest, F., Acevedo-Rodriguez. P., Callmander, M.W., Nylander, J.A. Harrington, M., Kupfer, P. & N. Alvarez. 2009. Worldwide phylogeny of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae): plastid and nuclear markers reveal intricate relationships at subfamilial, tribal and generic levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51: 238-258. Guillaumet, J.-L., Betsch, J.-M. & M.W. Callmander. 2008. Renaud Paulian et le programme du CNRS sur les hautes montagnes à Madagascar: étage vs domaine. Zoosystema 30(3): 723-748. Fuchs, E. & Callmander M.W. 2007. Les Caméléons à Masoala. Une clef de lecture ethnozoologique des relations société–environnement dans le Nord-Est de Madagascar. Chameleons in Masoala. An ethnozoological reading grid to discern certain aspects of the society-environment relation in North-East Madagascar. In: E. Dounias, É. Motte-Florac, M. Dunham (Eds), Le symbolisme des animaux: L'animal, clef de voûte de la relation entre l'homme et la nature ? Animal symbolism Animals, keystone in the relationship between Man and Nature?. IRD Éditions, Collection Colloques et Séminaires, Paris: 157-190. Callmander, M.W., Schatz, G.E., Lowry, P.P. II., Laivao. M.O., Raharimampionona, J., Andriambololonera, S., Raminosoa, T. & Consiglio T. 2007. Application of IUCN Red List criteria and assessment of Priority Areas for Plant Conservation in Madagascar: rare and threatened Pandanaceae indicate new sites in need of protection. Oryx 41(2): 168-176 [supplementary material]. Laivao O.M., Callmander, M.W. & S. Buerki. 2007. Révision de Pandanus sect. Foullioya à Madagascar. Adansonia ser. 3, 29(1): 39-57. Shugeng C., P.J. Brodie, J.S. Miller, F. Ratovoson, M.W. Callmander, S. Randrianasolo, E. Rakotobe, V.E. Rasamison, E.M. Suh, K. TenDyke, & D.G.I. Kingston 2007. Antiproliferative Cardenolides of an Elaeodendron sp. from the Madagascar Rain Forest. Journal of Natural Product 70: 1064-168. Laivao O.M., Callmander, M.W. & S. Buerki. 2006. Sur les Pandanus (Pandanaceae) à stigmates saillants de la Côte Est de Madagascar. Adansonia, sér. 3, 28(2): 267-285 Wilmé, L. & M.W. Callmander, 2006. Les populations reliques de primates: les Propithèques. Lemur News 11: 24-31. Callmander, M.W., Schatz, G.E. & P.P. Lowry II. 2005. IUCN Red List assessment and the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation: taxonomists must act now. Taxon 54(4): 1047-1050. Yuan Y.-M., Wohlhauser, S., Möller, M., Klackenberg, J., Callmander, M.W. & P. Küpfer. 2005. Phylogeny and Biogeography of Exacum (Gentianaceae): A Disjunctive Distribution in the Indian Ocean Basin Resulted from Long Distance Dispersal and Extensive Radiation. Systematic Biology 54: 21-34. Miller, J.S., Birkinshaw, C. & M.W. Callmander. 2005. The Madagascar International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG): Using natural products research to build science capacity. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 3: 283-285. Callmander M.W., Chassot P., Küpfer P. & P.P. Lowry II. 2003. Recognition of Martellidendron, a new genus of Pandanaceae, and its biogeographic implications. Taxon 52(4): 747-762. Callmander, M.W., S. Wohlhauser & L. Gautier 2003. Notes biogéographiques sur les Pandanaceae des forêts humides du nord de Madagascar. Candollea 58(2): 351-367. Callmander, M.W. 2001. Pandanus subg. Martellidendron (Pandanaceae) part II: revision of sect. Martellidendron Pic. Serm. in Madagascar. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 137: 353-374.