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Li-Bing Zhang, Ph.D.
Discovering a new fern species of Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae) endemic to a single karst cave in northern Guangxi, China.
Li-Bing Zhang, Ph.D.
Associate Curator
Co-Director, Flora of China Project
Research

office phone: + 1 (314) 577-9454
fax: +1 (314) 577-9596
email: libing.zhang@mobot.org

Missouri Botanical Garden
P.O. Box 299
St. Louis, MO 63166-0299
USA

Education
Ph.D., Johannes Gutenberg University at Mainz, Germany, 2002
M.S., Chengdu Institute of Biology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1990
B.S., Lanzhou University, China, 1987
Management of the Flora of China Phylogeny, systematics, and evolution of ferns, lycophytes, and flowering plants Biogeography of intercontinental disjunctions of plants Systematics and evolution of high mountain plants Conceptual issues of systematic biology
Available upon request
Research Emphases Production of Flora of China Illustrations volumes Systematics of pteridophytes, especially Dryopteridaceae (e.g., Arachniodes, Ctenitis, Cyrtomium, Dryopteris, Polystichum), Pteridaceae, and "fern-allies" Systematics, phylogeny, and biogeography of selected seed plant groups, e.g., Cucurbitales (e.g, Anisophyllaceae), Fabaceae (e.g., Campylotropis, Lespedeza, Desmodieae), Primulaceae (e.g., Primula, Soldanella), Rosaceae (e.g, Rosa)
Selected Publications

I. Systematics, phylogeny, and biogeography of ferns and lycophytes

Zhang L-B and L. Zhang. 2012. The inclusion of Acrophorus, Diacalpe, Nothoperanema, and Peranema in Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae): The molecular phylogeny, systematics, and nomenclature of Dryopteris subgenus Nothoperanama. Taxon 61: 1199-1216. Zhang L-B, L Zhang, S-Y Dong, EB Sessa, X-F Gao, and A Ebihara. 2012. Molecular circumscription and major evolutionary lineages of the fern genus Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 12:180. Zhang L-B. 2012. Reducing the fern genus Dryopsis to Dryopteris and the systematics and nomenclature of Dryopteris subgenus Erythrovariae section Dryopsis (Dryopteridaceae). Phytotaxa 71: 17-27. Zhang L-B. 2012. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the fern genus Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae) from China. Phytotaxa 60: 57-60. Luo Q and L-B Zhang. 2012. Dryopteris jiucaipingensis (Dryopteridaceae), a new spcies in D. sect. Hirtipedes from Guizhou, China. Novon 22: 183-185. Zhang L-B, P-S Wang and X-Y Wang. 2012. Dryopteris liboensis (Dryopteridaceae), a new species in D. sect. Erythrovariae from Guizhou, China. Novon 22: 256-259. Zhang L-B, P-S Wang and X-Y Wang. 2012. Selaginella longistrobilina (Selaginellaceae), a new species from Guizhou, China and Selaginella prostrata, a new combination and its lectotypification. Novon 22: 260-263. Luo Q and L-B Zhang. 2012. Woodsia guizhouensis (Woodsiaceae), a new species from a limestone area in Guizhou, China. Novon 22: 191-195. He H, Y-Q Yang and L-B Zhang. 2012. Polystichum loratum (Dryopteridaceae), a new fern from Guizhou, China. Novon 22: 166-169. He H and L-B Zhang. 2012. Polystichum oblanceolatum, a new species in sect. Haplopolystichum (Dryopteridaceae) from Guangxi, China. Novon 22: 160-165. Zhang L, L-B Zhang and J Liu. 2012. Polystichum yaanense (Dryopteridaceae), a remarkable new species from Sichuan, China. Novon 22: 244-249. Luo Q and L-B Zhang. 2012. Polystichum tiankengicola (Dryopteridaceae), a new species from a karst sinkhole from Guizhou, China. Novon 22: 186-190. Zhang L-B and P-S Wang. 2012. Polystichum normale (Dryopteridaceae), a new species in section Crucifilix from China. Novon 22: 250-255. Zhang L-B and H He. 2012. Polystichum perpusillum, sp. nov. (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae), a new fern species from Guizhou, China. Annales Botanici Fennici 49(1-2): 67-74. Zhang L-B and H He. 2011. Polystichum fengshanense, sp. nov. (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae) from karst caves in Guangxi, China based on morphological, palynological, and molecular Evidence. Systematic Botany 36: 854-861. He H and L-B Zhang. 2011. Polystichum cavernicola, sp. nov. (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae) from a karst cave in Guizhou, China and its phylogenetic affinities. Botanical Studies 52: 121-127. He H and L-B Zhang. 2010. Pteris xiaoyingae, sp. nov. (sect. Pteris) from a karst cave in China based on morphological and palynological evidence. Systematic Botany 35: 695-700. He H and L-B Zhang. 2010. Polystichum kungianum, sp. nov. (sect. Mastigopteris, Dryopteridaceae) from Chongqing, China. Botanical Studies 51: 395-401. Zhang L-B, H He, and Q Luo. 2010. Polystichum puteicola, sp. nov. (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae) from a karst sinkhole in Guizhou, China based on molecular, palynological, and morphological evidence. Botanical Studies 51: 127-136. Zhang L-B and H He. 2010. Polystichum speluncicola sp. nov. (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae) based on morphological, palynological, and molecular evidence with reference to the non-monophyly of Cyrtogonellum. Systematic Botany 34: 13-19. Zhang L-B and H He. 2009a. Polystichum minutissimum, sp. nov. (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae): The smallest Polystichum found in a karst cave in China. Botanical Studies 50: 353-358. Zhang L-B and H He. 2009b. Polystichum weimingii sp. nov. (sect. Metapolystichum, Dryopteridaceae) from southern Yunnan, China. Systematic Botany 34: 13-16. Zhang L-B and H He. 2009c. Polystichum peishanii (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae): A new fern species from limestone area in Guizhou, China. Botanical Studies 50: 101-106 (cover article) Zhang L-B. 2004. Equisetaceae, Huperziaceae, Isoetaceae, Lycopodiaceae, Psilotaceae. Pp. 1-85, 224-245. In: Wu C-Y (ed.), Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae. Beijing: Science Press. Vol. 6 (3), edited by Zhang X-C. Zhang L-B. 2001. Polystichum sect. Metapolystichum, sect. Neopolystichum. Pp. 52-60, 84-117. In: Wu C-Y (ed.), Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae. Beijing: Science Press. Vol. 5 (2), edited by Kung H-S. Kung H-S and L-B Zhang. 2001. New pteridophyte records from Sichuan, China and their geographical significance. Fern Gazette 16: 195-199. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 2000a. The reclassification of Lycopodiaceae (s. str.) in China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 38: 266-275. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 2000b. An outline of the taxonomy and distribution of Equisetaceae in China. Pp. 82-88. In: Zhang X-C and K-H Shing (eds.), Ching Memorial Volume Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 2000c. Taxonomy of Huperzia Bernh. (s. str.) sect. Serratae (Rothm.) Holub in China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 38: 13-22. Zhang L-B, and H-S Kung. 2000d. Two sections of Phlegmariurus (Herter) Holub (Huperziaceae) from China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 38: 23-29. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1999a. On the taxonomy of Phlegmariurus (Herter) Holub (Huperziaceae) sect. Huperzioides H. S. Kung et L. B. Zhang (sect. nov.) in China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 37: 40-53. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1999b. A new section of the fern genus Polystichum Roth ? sect. Neopolystichum Ching. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 37: 81-86. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1998a. A taxonomic study of Huperzia Berhn. (s. str.) sect. Huperzia in China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 36: 521-529. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1998b. New materials of the fern genus Polystichum Roth from west China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 36: 465-468. Kung H-S and L-B Zhang. 1998. Study on the genus Polystichum Roth sect. Lasiopolystichum Daigobo from China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 36: 242-254. Kung H-S and L-B Zhang. 1996. The features of the pteridophyte flora of Mt. Gongga (Minya Gonkar), Sichuan, China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 18: 176-184. Zhang L-B. 1996. On the foliar epidermis of Chinese sect. Metapolystichum Tagawa and sect. Neopolystichum (Polystichum, Dryopteridaceae) in China. Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology 2: 361-368. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1996a. Taxonomic study on the fern genus Polystichum sect. Metapolystichum Tagawa from China (III). Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 34: 194-203. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1996b. Taxonomic study on the fern genus Polystichum sect. Metapolystichum Tagawa from China (II). Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 34: 68-76. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1995a. Taxonomic study on the fern genus Polystichum sect. Metapolystichum Tagawa from China (I). Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 33: 469-475. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1995b. Four new species of the fern genus Polystichum sect. Metapolystichum from China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 33: 308-312. Kung H-S, L-B Zhang, and X-S Guo. 1995a. New materials of pteridophytes from Mt. Gongga (Minya Gonkar), Sichuan, China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 17: 420-422. Kung H-S, L-B Zhang, and X-S Guo. 1995b. New materials of Dryopteris from Mt. Gongga (Minya Gonkar), Sichuan, China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 17: 159-161. Zhang L-B, Z-R Wang, and X-S Guo. 1995a. New ferns of Athyriaceae from Mt. Gongga (Minya Gonkar), Sichuan, China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 17: 302-304. Zhang L-B, H-S Kung, and X-S Guo. 1995b. New taxa of Polystichum Roth from Mt. Gongga (Minya Gonkar), Sichuan, China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 17: 25-29. Zhang L-B and H-S Kung. 1994. Studies on the spore morphology of Chinese sect. Metapolystichum (Polystichum, Dryopteridaceae). Acta Botanica Yunnanica 16: 273-278. Kung H-S and L-B Zhang. 1994. A new species of Polystichum Roth from Burma and SW China. Acta Phytotaxnomica Sinica 32: 370-371. Zhang L-B. 1994. A taxonomic study on the fern genus Polystichum sect. Metapolystichum from Sichuan, China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 16: 131-138. Zhang L-B. 1992. A study on the cladistic relationships of the genus Polystichum Roth sect. Metapolystichum Tagawa using the method of maximal same step length. Advances in Plant Taxonomy in Northern China, 1: 118-125.
II. Systematics, phylogeny, and biogeography of flowering plants:

Mao K, RI Milne, L-B Zhang, Y Peng, J Liu, P Thomas, RR Mill, and SS Renner. 2012. Distribution of living Cupressaceae reflects the breakup of Pangea. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109: 7793-7798. Su J-X, W Wang, L-B Zhang, and Z-D Chen. 2012. Phylogenetic placement of two enigmatic genera, Borthwickia and Stixis, based on molecular and pollen data, and the description of a new family of Brassicales, Borthwickiaceae. Taxon 61: 601-611. Xu B, N Wu, X-F Gao, and L-B Zhang. 2011. Molecular phylogeny of Lespedeza (Fabaceae) based on DNA sequences of six plastid and nuclear genes: Incongruence, introgression, and incomplete lineage sorting. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 346-358. Kadereit JW, H Goldner, N Holstein, G Schorr, and L-B Zhang. 2011. The stability of Quaternary speciation - a case study in Primula sect. Auricula. Alpine Botany DOI: 10.1007/s00035-010-0084-y. Meng J, M. Fougère-Danezan, L-B Zhang, D-Z Li, and T-S Yi. 2011. Untangling the hybrid origin of the Chinese tea rose: Evidence from DNA sequences of single-copy nuclear and chloroplast genes. Plant Systematics and Evolution 297: 157-170. Xu B, X-F Gao, N Wu, and L-B Zhang. 2011. Pollen diversity and its systematic implications in Lespedeza (Fabaceae). Systematic Botany 336: 352-361. Zhang G-C and L-B Zhang. 2011. Impatiens shimianensis sp. nov. (Balsaminaceae): A new species from Sichuan, China based on morphological and molecular evidence. Systematic Botany 36: 721-729. Michalak I, L-B Zhang, and SS Renner. 2010. Transatlantic, transpacific, and trans-Indian Ocean dispersal events in the small Gondwanan Laurales family Hernandiaceae. Journal of Biogeography 37: 1214-1226. Wei X-M, and X-F Gao, L-B Zhang. 2008. A systematic study of Rosa sericea (Rosaceae) complex: Are R. omeiensis and R. sericea conspecific? Journal of Systematics and Evolution 46: 919-928. Cusimano N, L-B Zhang, and SS Renner. 2008. Reevaluation of the cox1 group I intron in Araceae and angiosperms indicates a history dominated by loss rather than horizontal transfer. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25: 265-276. Zhang L-B, MP Simmons, and SS Renner. 2007. A phylogeny of Anisophylleaceae based on six nuclear and plastid loci: Ancient disjunctions and recent dispersal between South America, Africa, and Asia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 44: 1057-1067. Kocyan A, L-B Zhang, H Schaefer, and SS Renner. 2007. A multi-locus chloroplast phylogeny for the Cucurbitaceae and its implications for character evolution and classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 44: 553-577. Zhang L-B and MP Simmons. 2006. Phylogeny and delimitation of the Celastrales inferred from nuclear and plastid genes. Systematic Botany 31: 107-121. Zhang L-B, MP Simmons, A Kocyan, and SS Renner. 2006. Phylogeny and evolution of the Cucurbitales based on DNA sequences of nine loci from three genomes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39: 305-322. Zhang L-B and JW Kadereit. 2004. Classification of Primula sect. Auricula (Primulaceae) based on two molecular data sets (ITS, AFLPs), morphology and geographical distribution. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 146: 1-26. Renner SS, L-B Zhang, and J Murata. 2004. A chloroplast phylogeny of Arisaema (Araceae) illustrates Tertiary floristic links between Asia, North America, and East Africa. American Journal of Botany 91: 881-888. Renner SS and L-B Zhang. 2004. Biogeography of the Pistia clade (Araceae) based on cp and mtDNA sequences and Bayesian divergence time inference. Systematic Biology 53: 422-432. Zhang L-B, HP Comes, and JW Kadereit. 2004. The temporal course of Quaternary diversification in the European high mountain endemic Primula sect. Auricula (Primulaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: 191-207 (cover article). Zhang L-B and SS Renner. 2003. The deepest splits in Chloranthaceae as resolved by chloroplast sequences. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164(6 Suppl.): 383-392. Zhang L-B and JW Kadereit. 2002. The systematics of Soldanella L. (Primulaceae) based on morphological and molecular (ITS, AFLPs) evidence. Nordic Journal of Botany 22: 129-169. Zhang L-B. 2002. Phylogeny, biogeography, and systematics of Soldanella L. and Primula L. sect. Auricula Duby (Primulaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Goettingen: Cuvillier Verlag. 157pp. Zhang L-B, HP Comes, and JW Kadereit. 2001. Phylogeny and Quaternary history of the European montane/alpine endemic Soldanella (Primulaceae) based on ITS and AFLP variation. American Journal of Botany 88: 2331-2345.
III. Theoretical systematics:

Simmons MP, L-B Zhang, and K Müller. 2010. Phylogenetic inference using non-redundant coding of dependent characters vs. alternative approaches when applied to protein-coding genes. Cladistics 26: 1-11. Simmons MP, L-B Zhang, CT Webb, and K Mueller. 2007. A penalty of using anonymous dominant markers (AFLPs, ISSRs, and RAPDs) for phylogenetic inference. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 528-542. Simmons MP, L-B Zhang, CT Webb, and A Reeves. 2006. How can third codon positions outperform first and second codon positions in phylogenetic inference? An empirical example from the seed plants. Systematic Biology 55: 245-258. Simmons MP*, L-B Zhang*, CT Webb, A Reeves, and JA Miller. 2006. The relative performance of Bayesian and parsimony approaches when sampling characters evolving under homogeneous and heterogeneous sets of parameters. Cladistics 22: 171-185 (*co-first authors).
IV. Botanical nomenclature:

Zhang L-B. 2012. The nomenclature of the lycophyte species Phlegmariurus mingcheensis Ching (Huperziaceae). Taxon 61: 665-666. Zhang L-B. 2011. [Chinese Translation of] Knapp S, McNeill J, and NJ Turland. 2011. Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne - what does e-publication mean for you? PhytoKey 6: 13-19 & Plant Systematics & Resources 33: 514-517. Zhang L-B. 2007. [Chinese Translation of] McNeill, J, FR Barrie, HM Burdet, V Demoulin, DL Hawksworth, K Marhold, DH Nicolson, J Prado, PC Silva, JE Skog, JH Wiersema, and NJ Turland (eds.). 2006. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code) adopted by the Seventeenth International Botanical Congress Vienna, Austria, July 2005. Beijing: Science Press & St. Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Zhang L-B, Q-E Yang, NJ Turland, and J McNeill. 2007. Main changes in the new edition of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature - the "Vienna Code". Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 45 (2): 251-255. Zhang L-B, Silva, PC, J McNeill, and NJ Turland. 2007. On the terms in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 45: 593-598. Zhang L-B and JW Kadereit. 2005. Typification and synonymization in Primula sect. Auricula (Primulaceae). Taxon 54: 775-788. Zhang L-B and JW Kadereit. 2004a. Nomenclature of Soldanella L. (Primulaceae). Taxon 53: 741-752.