Research Links


Andes Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research Group
The Andes Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research Group (ABERG) consists of over 40 senior scientists and over 20 Peruvian biologists and undergraduates. Together, ABERG has generated a comprehensive series of research projects on biodiversity distribution and ecosystem function in the tropical Andes.

Andean Botanical Information System (ABIS)
This well-organized site presents information from floristic and systematic investigations of the flowering plants of Andean South America.

Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Includes 2553 species of plants (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs, grasses, palms, pandans, mistletoes) of northern Australian rainforests from Broome in Western Australia to Townsville in Queensland. Over 11000 colour images of flowers, fruit, leaves, seedlings and leaf x-rays.

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) 
A consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize and make accessible the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.”

It is a global, not-for-profit collaboration bringing together scientific societies, publishers, and libraries to provide access to critical, peer-reviewed research in the biological, ecological, and environmental sciences.

Botanical Word Meanings and Name Derivations
The author has done a great job in compiling this list of California plant name meanings, and the definitions can be applied to plant names worldwide.

Botany Guide Picks
This site is sponsored by About: Homework Help. Information and resources on plant viruses, herbs and plants, plant images and more. Good navigation and content.

An Arizona journal publishing botanical and mycological papers.

Catalogue of Life
The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life is planned to become a comprehensive catalogue of all known species of organisms on Earth.
Web site dedicated to the Chilean flora. Its main sections and content are: on-line herbarium of live Chilean plants with 1109 species, 9300+ photos, and many search indexes, articles of general interest on the Chilean flora, habitats of the Chilean plants, new findings by Chileflora and list of seeds (230 species) and seedlings (120 species) available for sale. The site is maintained currently in three languages (English, Spanish, German).

CJB - African Plant Database
The database currently comprises 196952 names of african plants with their nomenclatural status.

Concordance of Angiosperm Family Names 
A quick searchable database for family names and their alternative uses by Cronquist, Dahlgren, Reveal, Takhtajan and Thorne. Prepared by James Reveal.

Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria
It was created in 2007 to bring together regional herbaria and provide an online portal to the wealth of existing and emerging information about the flora of Pacific Northwest North America.

Cooperative Taxonomic Resource for American Myrtaceae (CoTRAM)
The objective of this website is to bring together databases of authority-identified specimens and images with software tools that allow one to make geographically restricted checklists and maps.

DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)
Free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals, covering all subjects and many languages.

Expeditions and Discoveries
The new collection offers important—often unique—historical resources for students of anthropology, archaeology, astronomy, botany, geography, geology, medicine, oceanography, and zoology. The collection includes digitized copies of more than 250,000 pages from 700 books and serials, as well as 50,000 pages from Harvard's manuscript collections, more than 1,200 photographs, 200 maps, 21 atlases, and numerous drawings and prints.
These are links to journals in which articles concerning plant biology are published. Contains links to over 700 journals!

EDIT (the European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy)
A network of 28 major taxonomic institutions, devoted to making more powerful, more reliable and more applicable taxonomy.

Enciclopedia de la Flora Chilena
A virtual encyclopedia created to facilitate the identification and search of the flora of Chile. This website has a strong educational role informing users about the country, its world floristic resources and instilling concepts of conservation and appreciation of its natural heritage.

Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)
EOL’s objective is to offer a webpage for every known species of life on Earth. Initiatives such as EOL depend on resources such as The Plant List in order to relate names to species so that all information about a particular species can more easily be obtained and synthesized.

Field Museum of Natural History - Botany
Check out what F botanists are doing on this well-designed and easy to navigate site.

Global Compositae Checklist
This is an integrated database of nomenclatural and taxonomic information for the second largest vascular plant family in the world.

Harvard University Herbaria Databases
The Harvard University Herbaria, with more than 5 million specimens, are one of the 10 largest Herbaria in the world in number of specimens, and along with the library, form the world's largest university owned herbarium.

Herbario Virtual Austral Americano
The purpose of this website is primarily to support the distribution herbarium specimen data for plants that grow in southern South America (Argentina and Chile)

Hortax (The Horticultural Taxonomy Group)
Hortax, formed in 1988, is a small committee of plant taxonomists and horticulturists with a professional interest in the classification and nomenclature of cultivated plants. This website provides a fund of information for the non-specialist enthusiast wishing to learn more about how plants are named, as well as a forum where questions of cultivated plant taxonomy can be aired and addressed.

Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation
Part of Carnegie Mellon University, the Division documents the history of botany by acquiring and maintaining authoritive collections of books, plant images, manuscripts, portraits and data files. Sit back and surf.

Index Herbariorum
Part 1: The Herbaria of the World (Eighth Edition). Locate the mailing addresses and websites for all recognized herbaria. An invaluable resource.

Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum)
Searchable database of generic names for all organisms covered by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation (IJBC)
This site is dedicated to increasing the depth of the subject across disciplines with the ultimate aim of expanding knowledge of the subject. IJBC publishes high-quality solicited and unsolicited articles, in English, in all areas relating to sustainable development, human dependence on biodiversity in agriculture, environmental management and biotechnology.

International Plant Names Index (IPNI)
Search this database of names and associated basic bibliographic details of all seed plants by Plant names, Authors, Publications, or Collectors. Includes data from Index Kewensis, Gray Card Index, and the Australian Plant Names Index.

Internet Directory for Botany
This site must have every single botanically-related website listed. Search alphabetically or by subject.

Jepson eFlora
It contains taxonomic treatments for native and naturalized plants occurring in wildlands or otherwise outside of cultivation in California. Documented waifs and some agricultural weeds are also included.

JSTOR Global Plants
It is a community-contributed database that features more than two million high resolution plant type specimen images and other foundational materials from the collections of hundreds of herbaria around the world. It is an essential resource for institutions supporting research and teaching in botany, ecology, and conservation studies.

Legumes of the World Online (LOWO)
It is part of Kew’s commitment to advance the knowledge and understanding of the approximately 750 genera of the legume family.

Linnaeus Link
Cool site. This collaboration between The Natural History Museum and a number of international partners aims to improve access to Linnaeus' works by the creation of high quality digital records.

Louisiana State University Herbarium
Founded in 1869, the Louisiana State University (LSU) Herbarium is the oldest collection of preserved plant specimens in the Gulf South and is the second largest collection of Louisiana plants. Originally composed entirely of specimens of vascular plants, it now also includes fine collections of lichens and fungi.

Natural History Museum (London) Department of Botany Databases
This site contains a nice collection of images from several historic herbariums and from the other databases at BM.

NewScientist | Botany Links
Great site! Each site listed is reviewed in depth.

OARE (Online Access to Research in the Environment)
This is an international public-private consortium coordinated by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Yale University, and leading science and technology publishers that enables developing countries to gain access to one of the world's largest collections of environmental science research.

This project contains a fully up-to-date information system with an overview of all known genera and species of Orobanchoideae.

This is a peer-reviewed, open-access, online and print, rapidly produced journal launched to support free exchange of ideas and information in systematic botany.

An open-access journal to expedite plant systematic, phytogeographical and ecological publication.

New Phytologist
This is an international electronic journal published 16 times a year, and is owned by a non-profit-making charitable trust dedicated to the promotion of plant science.

A venue for digital publication of miscellaneous reports on taxonomy, floristics, and geographical distribution of vascular plants.

PLANTS Database
This is an excellent site from the U.S. Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA). Information is current, very well-maintained and organized.

The Plant List
This is a working list of all known plant species. Version 1 aims to be comprehensive for species of Vascular plant (flowering plants, conifers, ferns and their allies) and of Bryophytes (mosses and liverworts).

The quarterly journal dedicated to orchids, published by Tropicalia.

Scott's Botanical Links
Sites are rated on a 4-star scale according to educational value, completeness and scientific correctedness. This is a great site with reviews and links to very obscure, but good sites.

Smithsonian Catalog of Botanical Illustrations
A database of over 3000 black and white and color drawings of Bromeliaceae, Cactaceae, and Melastomataceae.

Smithsonian Contributions to Botany
This series reports on the scientific, technical, and historical research conducted by Smithsonian staff and their professional colleagues, as well as on the collections of the various Smithsonian museums.

The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI)
Custodian of the nine National Botanical Gardens in South Africa. Contains information on NBI's databases and libraries, South African botanical gardens, and research.

Southwest Environmental Information Network  (SEINet)
It was created to serve as a gateway to distributed data resources of interest to the environmental research community in Arizona and beyond.  Through a common web interface, we offer tools to locate, access and work with a variety of  data.

Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH)
Database of text data and images of specimens that document the distribution and classification of the plants of California. Information from over 300,000 specimens has been entered.

Spellex Botanical
Turn your basic spell checker into a botanical word spelling expert with the most comprehensive, up-to-date, and accurate botany spell checker ever developed. This site also contains a Free Internet Botanical Speller for individual word searches. Be sure to bookmark this page!

The University and Jepson Herbaria
This is a gateway to data and images of herbarium specimens of all plant and fungal taxa from all parts of the world held at the University and Jepson Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley.

University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH)
This is a beautiful and easy to navigate site. Contains several searchable type specimen databases (Algae, Bryophytes, Lichens, Vascular Plants) and links to their Fungi and Diatom websites.

Vascular Plant Image Gallery Texas A & M University
Contains a large set of so-so images.

The Virtual Foliage Page
This collection of images is from the Department of Botany at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Includes five sets of digital images: General Botany, Plant Systematics Teaching Collection, Dendrology, Fungi, and Vegetation of Wisconsin. Thousands of great images.

The Virtual Herbarium of the New York Botanical Garden
This site allows you to search NY's entire specimen catalog of vascular and non-vascular plants and fungi. Few images.

World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSPF)
This Checklist gives information on the accepted scientific names and synonyms of selected plant families. It allows you to search for all the scientific names of a particular plant, or the areas of the world in which it grows (distribution).