Recent Publications

C. E. Edwards, M. A. Albrecht, B. Bassüner, and G. A. Yatskievych. Population genetic analysis reveals a selfing mating system and strong genetic structuring in a naturally fragmented, threatened plant. Conservation Genetics: in press.

Linan, A. G., G. E. Schatz, P. P. Lowry II, A. Miller, and C. E. Edwards. Ebony and the Mascarenes: the evolutionary relationships and biogeography of Diospyros L. (Ebenaceae) in the western Indian Ocean. The Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 190: 359-373.

2019. Edwards, C. E.* and P. Wyse Jackson.* The development of plant conservation in botanic gardens and the current and future role of conservation genetics for enhancing those conservation efforts. Molecular Frontiers 3: 44-65.

2019. Edwards, C. E., J. S. Swift, R. F. Lance, T. A. Minckley and Denise L. Lindsay. Evaluating the efficacy of sample collection approaches and DNA metabarcoding for identifying the diversity of plants utilized by nectivorous bats: Genome 62: 19-29.

2019. Maschinski, J., Havens, K., Fant, J., Kramer, A. Vitt, P., Ramp Neale, J., Guerrant, E.O., Edwards, C. E. and Steele, S. Genetic Guidelines for Acquiring, Maintaining, and Using a Conservation Collection. In CPC Best Plant Conservation Practices to Support Species Survival in the Wild. Center for Plant Conservation: San Diego, CA. 

Smith, A.B., Beever, E.A., Kessler, A.E., Johnston, A.N., Ray, C., Epps, C.W., Lanier, H.C., Klinger, R.C., Rodhouse, T.J., Varner, J., Perrine, J., Seglund, A., Hall, E., Galbreath, K., Anderson, C., Billman, P., Blatz, G., Brewer, J., Vardaro, J.C., Chalfoun, A.D., Collins, G., Craighead, A., Curlis, C., Daly, C., Doak, D.F., East, M., Edwards, M., Erb, L., Ernest, K.A., Fauver, B., Foresman, K., Goehring, K., Hagar, J., Hayes, C.L., Henry, P., Hersey, K., Hilty, S.L., Jacobson, J., Jeffress, M.R., Manning, T.E., Masching, A., Maxwell, B., McCollough, R., McFarland, C., Miskow, E., Morelli, T,L., Moyer-Horner, L., Mueller, M., Nugent, M., Pratt, B., Rasmussen-Flores, M., Rickman, T.H., Robison, H., Rodriguez, A., Rowe, K.M.C., Rowe, K.C., Russello, M.A., Saab, V., Schmidt, A., Stewart, J.A.E., Stuart, J.N., Svancara, L.K., Thompson, W., Timmins, J., Treinish, G., Waterhouse, M.D., Westover, M.K., Wilkening, J., and Yandow, L.In press. Alternatives to genetic affinity as a context for within-species response to climate. Nature Climate Change. doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0584-8

Morelli*, T.L., Smith*, A.B., Mancini, A.N., Balko, E. A., Borgenson, C., Dolch, R., Farris, Z., Federman, S., Golden, C.D., Holmes, S., Irwin, M., Jacobs, R.L., Johnson, S., King, T., Lehman, S., Louis, E.E. Jr., Murphy, A., Randriahaingo, H.N.T., Lucien, Randriannarimanana, H.L.L., Ratsimbazafy, J., Razafindratsima, O.H., and Baden, A.L. Accepted. The fate of Madagascar’s rainforest habitat. Nature Climate Change * Equal contribution.

Hoban, S., Dawson, A. Robinson, J., Smith, A.B., Strand, A. In press. Inference of biogeographic history by formally integrating distinct lines of evidence: genetic, environmental niche, and fossil. Ecography. doi:

Smith, A.B., Godsoe, W., Rodríguez-Sánchez, F., Wang, H-H., and Warren, D. Niche estimation above and below the species level. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 34:260-273. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.012

Galliart, M., Bello, N., Knapp, M., Poland, J., St. Amand, P., Baer, S., Maricle, B., Smith, A.B., and Johnson, L.J. Local adaptation, genetic divergence, and experimental natural selection in a foundation grass across the US Great Plains’ climate gradient. Global Change Biology 25:850-868. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14534.



Swift, J. F, X. Guan, E. Britzke D. L. Lindsay, R. F. Lance, and C. E. Edwards. Multifaceted DNA metabarcoding: validation of a non-invasive, next-generation approach to measure critical population parameters in bats. Evolutionary Applications 11: 1120-1138

Lui, S-H, C. E. Edwards, P. C. Hoch, P. H. Raven, and J. C. Barber. Genome skimming reveals relationships in Ludwigia section Macrocarpon (Onagraceae), a polyploid complex. American Journal of Botany 105: 875-887..

Edwards, C. E., B. Bassüner, C. Birkinshaw, C. Camara, A. Lehavana, P. P. Lowry II, J. S. Miller, A. Wyatt, and P. Wyse Jackson. A botanical mystery solved by phylogenetic analysis of botanical garden collections: rediscovery of the presumed-extinct Dracaena umbraculifera (Asparagaceae). Oryx 52 (3), 427-436 

2018. Gaggiotti, O., A. Chao, P. Peres-Neto, C.-H. Chiu, C. Edwards, M.-J. Fortin, L. Jost, C. Richards, and K. Selkoe. Diversity from genes to ecosystems: A unifying framework to study variation across biological metrics and scales. Evolutionary Applications 11: 1176-1193.

2018. Lindsay, D. L., J. S. Swift, R. F. Lance, and C. E. Edwards. A comparison of patterns of genetic structure in two co-occurring Agave species (Asparagaceae) that differ in the patchiness of their geographic distributions and cultivation histories. The Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society: 186: 361-373.

Frances, A., Smith, A.B., and Khoury, C. Conservation status and threat assessments for North American crop wild relatives. Pp. 189-208 in Greene S., Williams K., Khoury C., Kantar M., Marek L. (eds.) North American Crop Wild Relatives: Conservation and Use, Volume 1. (Springer, New York). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-95101-0_7

Kunin, W.E., Harte, J., He, Fangliang, Hui, C., Jobe, R.T., Ostling, A., Polce, C., Šizling, A., Smith, A.B., Smith, Krister, Smart, S.M., Storch, D., Tjørve, E., Ugland, K-I., Ulrich, W., and Varma, V.2018.Up-scaling biodiversity: Estimating the species-area relationship from small samples. Ecological Monographs 88:170-187. doi: 10.1002/ecm.1284.


Farrington, H. L.*, C. E. Edwards*, M. Bartron, and R.F. Lance.. Phylogeography and population genetics of introduced silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (H. nobilis) in North America. Biological Invasions: 2789–2811. doi:10.1007/s10530-017-1484-3.

Brock, M. T., Winklemann, R.L., M. J. Rubin, C. E. Edwards, B. E. Ewers, and C. Weinig. Allocation to male vs. female floral function varies by currency and responds differentially to density and moisture stress. Heredity 119: 349-359. doi:10.1038/hdy.2017.41

Edwards, C. E. Strengthening the link between international conservation policy and plant conservation genetics to achieve more effective plant conservation. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 102: 397-407.

Smith, A.B., Alsdurf*, J., Knapp, M. and Johnson, L.C. Phenotypic distribution models corroborate species distribution models: A shift in the role and prevalence of a dominant prairie grass in response to climate change. Global Change Biology 23:4365-4375. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13666.

Santos, M.J., Smith, A.B., Thorne, J.H., and Moritz, C. The relative influence of change in habitat and climate on elevation range limits in small mammals in Yosemite National Park, California, U.S.A.  Climate Change Responses 4:7. doi: 10.1186/s40665-017-0035-6



Bernardo, H. L., M. A. Albrecht, and T. M. Knight. 2016. Increased drought frequency alters the optimal management strategy of an endangered plant. Biological Conservation 203: 243-251.

Smith, A. B., Q. G. Long, and M. A. Albrecht. 2016. Shifting targets: spatial priorities for ex situ plant conservation depend on interactions between current threats, climate change, and uncertainty. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 905-922.

Albrecht, M. A., R. E. Becknell, and Q. Long. 2016. Habitat change in insular grasslands: Woody encroachment alters the population dynamics of a rare ecotonal plant. Biological Conservation 196:93-102.

Lui, S-H, C. E. Edwards, P. C. Hoch, P. H. Raven , and J. C. Barber. The complete plastome sequence of Ludwigia octovalvis (Onagraceae), a globally distributed wetland plant. Genome Announcements 4: e01274-16.

Swift, J.S., S. A. Smith, E. S. Menges, B. Bassüner, and C. E. Edwards. Analysis of mating system and genetic structure in the endangered, amphicarpic plant, Lewton’s polygala (Polygala lewtonii). Conservation Genetics 17: 1269-1284.

Yarkhunova, Y., C. E. Edwards, B.E. Ewers, R. L. Baker, C. R. McClung, P. Lou, and C. Weinig. Selection during crop diversification involves correlated evolution of the circadian clock and ecophysiological traits in Brassica rapa. New Phytologist: 210: 133–144.

Holl, Reid, Chaves-Fallas, Oviedo-Brenes & Zahawi. Local forest restoration strategies affect biodiversity recovery more strongly than does landscape forest cover. Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12814

Fernandez-Barrancos, Reid & Aronson. Tank bromeliad transplants as an enrichment strategy in southern Costa Rica. Restoration Ecology. DOI:10.1111/rec.12463

Reid, Chaves-Fallas, Holl & Zahawi. Tropical forest restoration enriches vascular epiphyte recovery. Applied Vegetation Science 19:508-517. (2016 AVS Editor’s Choice Award)

McAlpine, Catterall, Mac Nally, Lindenmayer, Reid, Holl, Bennett, Runting, Wilson, Hobbs, Seabrook, Cunningham, Moilanen, Maron, Shoo, Lunt, Vesk, Rumpff, Martin, Thomson, & Possingham. Integrating plant- and animal-based perspectives for more effective restoration of biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 14:37-45.

Reid. Knowledge and experience predict indiscriminate bat killing intentions among Costa Rican men. Biotropica 48:394-404.

Karger, D.N., Cord, A.F., Kessler, M., Kreft, H., Kühn, I., Pompe, S., Sandel, B., Cabral, J.S., Smith, A.B., Svenning, J-C., Tuomisto, H., Weigelt, P., and Wesche, K. Delineating probabilistic species pools in ecology and biogeography. Global Ecology & Biogeography 25:489-501.

Ulrey, C., Quiantana-Ascencio, P.F., Kauffman, G., Smith, A.B., and Menges, E.S. Life at the top: Long-term demography, microclimatic refugia, and responses to climate change for a high-elevation southern Appalachian endemic plant.  Biological Conservation 200:80-92.  

Hernández-Yáñez*, H., Kos*, J.T., Bast*, M.D., Griggs*, J.L., Hage*, P.A., Killian*, A., Whitmore*, M.B., Loza*, M. L., Smith, A.B. A systematic assessment of threats affecting the rare plants of the United States.  Biological Conservation 203:260-267. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.10.009 * Student authors

Kitzes, J., Berlow, E., Conlisk, E., Erb, K., Ihara, K., Martinez, N., Newman, E., Plutzar, C., Smith, A.B., and Harte, J. The global wildlife footprint: linking biodiversity loss to economic consumption. Conservation Letters 10:531-538. doi: 10.1111/con4.12321.


Osazuwa-Peters, O. L., I. Jimenez, B. Oberle, C. A. Chapman, A. E. Zanne. Selective logging: do rates of forest turnover in stems, species composition and functional traits decrease with time since disturbance? ─ A 45 year perspective. Forest Ecology and Management 357: 10-21.

Farrington, H., C. E. Edwards, X. Guan, M. Carr, and R.L. Lance. Development and Testing of New Genetic Markers for the Detection of Invasive Bighead and Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis and H. molitrix) DNA in environmental water samples from North America. PLOS one, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0117803

Myers, J. A., J. M. Chase, R. M. Crandall, and I. Jiménez. Disturbance alters beta-diversity but not the relative importance of community assembly mechanisms. Accepted. Journal of Ecology.

Tello, J.S., Myers, J.A., Macía, M.J., Fuentes, A.F., Cayola, L., Arellano, G., et al. Elevational gradients in β-diversity reflect variation in the strength of local community assembly mechanisms across spatial scales. PLoS ONE 10, e0121458

Edwards, C. E. Looking to the future of conservation genetics: the case for using quantitative-genetic experiments to estimate the ability of rare plants to withstand climate change. American Journal of Botany: 102: 1011-1013.

Baker, R. L., W.F., Leong, M.T. Brock, R. J. C. Markelz, M.F. Covington, U. K. Devisetty, C. E. Edwards, J. Maloof, S. Welch, and C. Weinig. Modeling development and quantitative trait mapping reveal independent genetic modules for leaf size and shape. New Phytologist 208: 257-268.

Reid. Indicators of success should be sensitive to compositional failures: reply to Suganuma and Durigan. Restoration Ecology 23:519-520.

Reid, Mendenhall, Zahawi, & Holl. Scale-dependent effects of forest restoration on Neotropical fruit bats. Restoration Ecology 23:681-689.

Zahawi, Reid & Holl. Passive restoration can be an effective strategy: a reply to Prach and del Moral. Restoration Ecology 23:347-348.

Zahawi, Dandois, Holl, Nadwodny, Reid & Ellis. Using lightweight unmanned aerial vehicles to monitor tropical forest recovery. Biological Conservation 186:287-295. (2015 Elsevier Atlas Award)

Reid, Holl & Zahawi. Seed dispersal limitations shift over time in tropical forest restoration. Ecological Applications 25:1072-1082.


Sheth, S. N., I. Jiménez and A. L. Angert. Identifying the paths leading to variation in geographical range size in western North American monkeyflowers. Journal of Biogeography 23: 988-999.

Jiménez, I. and R.E. Ricklefs. Diversity anomalies and spatial climate heterogeneity. Global Ecology and Biogeography 41: 2344–2356.

Edwards, C.E., D.L. Lindsay, P. Bailey, and R. Lance. Patterns of genetic diversity in the rare Erigeron lemmoni and comparison with its more widespread congener, Erigeron arisolius (Asteraceae). Conservation Genetics 15: 419-428.

Long, Q., B. L. Foster, and K. Kindscher. Seed and microsite limitations mediate stochastic recruitment in a low-diversity prairie restoration. Plant Ecology DOI 10.1007/s11258-014-0387-y.

Cook, D., S.T. Lee, C.M. Taylor, B. Bassüner, F. Riet-Correa, J.A. Pfister, and D.R. Gardner. Detection of toxic monofluoroacetate in Palicourea speciesToxicon 80: 9-16.


McCulloch, E.S., J.S. Tello, A. Whitehead, C.M.J. Rolón-Mendoza, M.C.D. Maldonado-Rodríguez, and R.D. Stevens. Fragmentation of Atlantic forest does not yet prevent gene flow of a widespread seed-dispersing bat. Molecular Ecology 18: 4619-4633

Myers, J., J. Chase, I. Jiménez, P. Jørgensen, A. Araujo-Murakami, N. Paniagua-Zambrana, R. Seidel. Beta-diversity in temperate and tropical forests reflects dissimilar mechanisms of community assembly. Ecology Letters 16: 151-157.

Smith, A.B., B. Sandel, N. Kraft, and S. Carey. Characterizing scale-dependent community assembly using the functional-diversity-area relationship. Ecology 94: 2392-2402.

Smith, A.B., M.J. Santos, M.S. Koo, K.C. Rowe, K.M.C. Rowe, J.L. Patton, S. Beissinger, and C. Moritz. Evaluation of species distribution models by resampling of sites surveyed a century ago by Joseph Grinnell. Ecography 36: 1017-1031.

Smith, A.B.  On evaluating species distribution models with random background sites in place of absences when test presences disproportionately sample suitable habitat. Diversity and Distributions 19: 867-872.

Smith, A.B. The relative influence of temperature, moisture, and their interaction on range limits of mammals over the past century. Global Ecology and Biogeography 22: 334-343.

Stevens, R.D., J.S. Tello, and M.M. Gavilanez. Stronger tests of the mid-domain effect on latitudinal gradients of biodiversity: insights from the dimensionality of biodiversity. PLoS ONE 8: e56853.


Albrecht, M.A. and J.M. Maschinsky. Influence of founder population size, propagule stages, and life history on the survival of reintroduced plant populations. Pages 171-188 in: J. Maschinski and K.E. Haskins (eds.). Plant reintroduction in a changing climate: promise and perils. Island Press, Washington, DC

Albrecht, M.A. and J.C. Penagos Z. 2012. Seed germination ecology of three imperiled plants of rock outcrops in the southeastern United States. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 139: 86-95

Barnosky, A.D., E.A. Hadly, J. Bascompte, E.L. Berlow, J.H. Brown, M. Fortelius, W.M. Getz, J. Harte, A. Hastings, P.A. Marquet, N.D. Martinez, A. Mooers, P. Roopnarine, G. Vermeij, J.W. Williams, R. Gillespie, J. Kitzes, C. Marshall, N. Matzke, D.P. Mindell, E. Revilla, A.B. Smith. 2012. Approaching a state-shift in Earth’s biosphere. Nature 486: 52-58.

Edwards, C.E., T.L. Parchman, and C. Weekley. Assembly, gene annotation and marker development using 454 floral transcriptome sequences in Ziziphus celata (Rhamnaceae), a highly endangered, Florida endemic plant. DNA research 19: 1-9.

Edwards, C.E., B.E. Ewers, C.R. McClung, P. Lou, and C. Weinig. Quantitative variation in water-use efficiency across water regimes in Brassica rapa and its relationship with circadian, ecophysiological, vegetative, and reproductive traits. Molecular Plant 5: 653-668

Kennedy, K.L., J.M. Maschinski, M.A. Albrecht, S. Dalrymple, and E.O. Guerrant, Jr. Synthesis and future directions in plant reintroduction biology. Pages 265-276 in: J. Maschinski and K.E. Haskins (eds.). Plant reintroduction in a changing climate: promise and perils. Island Press, Washington, DC

Kindscher, K., Q. Long, S. Corbett, K. Bosnak, H. Loring, M. Cohen, and B. Timmermann. The Ethnobotany and Ethnopharmacology of Wild Tomatillos, Physalis longifolia Nutt., and Related Physalis Species: A Review. Economic Botany 66(3): 298-311.

Lindsay, D.L., C.E. Edwards, M.G. Jung, P. Bailey, and R.F. Lance. Novel microsatellite loci for Agave parryi and cross-amplification in Agave palmeriAmerican Journal of Botany 99: e295-e297.

Lindsay, D.L., P. Bailey, J.L. Anderson, M.G. Jung, C.E. Edwards, and R.F. Lance. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci for a hyper-rare cliff endemic, Erigeron lemmonii, and a more widespread congener, Erigeron arisolius (Asteraceae). Conservation Genetics Resources 4: 859-862

Maschinski, J., M.A. Albrecht, L.T. Monks, and K.E. Haskins. Center for Plant Conservation Best Reintroduction Practice Guidelines. Pages 277-306 in: J. Maschinski and K.E. Haskins (eds.). Plant reintroduction in a changing climate: promise and perils. Island Press, Washington, DC

Morelli, T.L., A.B. Smith, C. Kastely, I. Mastroserio, C. Moritz, and S. Beissinger. Anthropogenic refugia ameliorate the severe climate-related decline of a montane mammal along its trailing edge. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 279: 4279-4286

Sheth, S., T. Consiglio, L.G. Lohmann, and I. Jiménez. Understanding bias in geographic range size estimates. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21: 732-742.

Stevens, R.D., M.M. Gavilanez, J.S. Tello, and D.A. Ray. Phylogenetic structure illuminates the mechanistic role of environmental heterogeneity on community organization. Journal of Animal Ecology 81: 455-462

Tello, J.S. and R.D. Stevens. Murciélagos, características ambientales y efectos de mitad de dominio (Bats, environmental characteristics and mid-domain effects). In: Tirira, D., S. Burneo, and C. Boada (eds.). Investigación y conservación de los murciélagos del Ecuador. PDF 

Tello, J.S. and R.D. Stevens. Can stochastic models of geographical evolution recreate macroecological richness-environment correlations? Global Ecology and Biogeography 21: 212-223

Zapata, F. and I. Jiménez. Species delimitation: inferring gaps in morphology across geography. Systematic Biology 61: 179-194.