WLBC Links


The Center for Plant Conservation
The CPC is dedicated to the preservation and restoration of rare native plant species within the United States.

Conservation International
CI supports programs throughout the world that address questions concerning climate change, population and the environment, sustainable development, ecotourism, and basic scientific research.

Members of the World Conservation Union include 77 countries, 114 government agencies, and more than 800 NGO's. Included among IUCN's many world wide activities is the maintenance of the endangered species Red List.

The Nature Conservancy
TNC focuses primarily on habitat preservation. It's methods include land acquisition, support of conservation-friendly public policies and land management, and funding of many conservation measures worldwide.

World Wildlife Fund
The WWF is the world's largest privately funded conservation organization. It's mission is to protect endangered species and their habitats.


Association Nationale pour la Gestion des Aires Protégées (ANGAP)
ANGAP is a Malagasy organization charged with the management of land set aside in parks and reserves within Madagascar.

Biodiversity Hotspots: Madagascar
Madagascar is one of the most species-rich areas on Earth; it is also facing extreme environmental degradation. Many of those species are unique to the island. This website provides a summary of the impact of humans on the environment and outlines efforts now underway to conserve the undisturbed areas that remain.

CEPF Madagascar Vegetation Mapping Project
This three-year project (2003-2006) is a joint venture of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Kew, and CI's Center for Applied Biodiversity Science. The goal is to create the most accurate map of vegetation on Madagascar, in order to facilitate planning and natural resource management.

RBG Kew Madagascar Team
The Royal Botanical Garden, Kew, is conducting numerous projects designed to conserve what remains of the plant species endemic to Madagascar. This websites provides a general introduction to these activities.

Madagascar: Biodiversity and Conservation
Photo essay by David Parks.

Madagascar Fauna Group
The Madagascar Fauna Group is an international consortium of zoos working to preserve the fauna of Madagascar.

Service d'Appui à la Gestion de l'Environnement (SAGE)
This Malagasy NGO has two primary goals: the analysis of land use using GIS information, and the subsequent aid to local communities to help them manage the land at their dispaosal, forest lands in particular.

St. Louis Zoo: Center for Lemur Conservation in Madagascar
In an effort to boost lemur populations, the Center conducts a captive breeding program. The lemurs are then introduced to the wild.

USGS: Madagascar Conservation
Using remote sensing and geographical information systems technology, the USGS has been providing technical support, training, and data since 1994 to local agencies so that they can better manage Madagascar's natural inheritance.

WWF Madagascar
Madagascar website of one of the major conservation groups operating programs in Madagascar.

Central and South America

Monteverde Conservation League U.S.
Started by a group of Swedish schoolchildren in 1987, MCLUS raises money “to support the conservation, preservation and rehabilitation of tropical ecosystems and their biodiversity” by communicating the forests’ needs to foundations and individuals. Donations from 44 nations have helped to establish the 54,000-acre Children's Eternal Rainforest, the largest private reserve in Central America.

Nature & Culture International
NCI is an international nonprofit organization with offices in Loja (Ecuador), Sullana (Peru), and San Diego (United States). NCI works to create private reserves, assist in managing parks and public reserves, carry out science and education programs, and help local communities integrate their development with conservation objectives. They focus on threatened ecosystems in the dry forests, cloud forests, and rain forests of southern Ecuador, northern Peru and Mexico.


 Amazon Conservation Team
The Amazon Conservation Team (ACT) works in partnership with indigenous people in tropical America to conserve biodiversity, health, and culture.

International Society of Ethnobiology
Founded in 1988, the ISE was formed to promote the field of ethnobiology and the work of ethnobiologists around the globe.

Economic Botany at RBG Kew
Research into useful and potentially useful plants is focused in the Centre for Economic Botany (CEB), and concentrates on the United Kingdom and the world's arid and semi-arid zones.

Electronic Plant Information Centre (ePIC)
ePIC is a major resource discovery project designed to provide a site from which searches of Kew's major specimen, bibliographic, and taxonomic databases can be conducted via the Internet.

Index of Generic Names (Index Nominum Genericorum)
The Index Nominum Genericorum (ING), a collaborative project of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) and the Smithsonian Institution, was initiated in 1954 as a compilation of generic names published for all organisms covered by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. It includes a searchable database.

IUCN - The World Conservation Union
Through its projects IUCN works to apply sound ecosystem management to demonstrate how this is the only way to sustainable livelihoods for those directly dependent on natural resources. IUCN has been actively engaged in restoring ecosystems and regenerating people’s lives, economies and societies.

Kew Economic Botany Links
This is a selective list, focussing on web sites that are information-rich, current, and of practical use in ethnobotanical research and fieldwork. More detailed coverage of organisations relevant to the United Kingdom is also included. In general, agriculture and temperate forestry are excluded.

New York Botanical Garden International Plant Science Center
Combining modern technologies with a century of field and laboratory research, the International Plant Science Center makes vital contributions to scientific discovery and for the conservation and sustainable use of the world’s plant life.

People and Plants International
People and Plants is a program of capacity-building in ethnobotany applied to conservation and the sustainable use of plant resources, the purpose of which is to conserve biodiversity and achieve sustainable use of natural habitat.

Society of Ethnobiology
The Society of Ethnobiology is a nonprofit professional organization dedicated to the interdisciplinary study of the relationships of plants and animals with human cultures worldwide. Topics include but are not limited to paleoethnobotany, zooarchaeology, ethnobotany, ethnozoology, and other related areas in anthropology and biology.

Society for Economic Botany
The Society for Economic Botany (SEB) was established in 1959 to foster and encourage scientific research, education, and related activities on the past, present, and future uses of plants, and the relationship between plants and people, and to make the results of such research available to the scientific community and the general public through meetings and publications.

TDWG Economic Botany Data Standard
The Economic Botany Data Collection Standard provides a system whereby uses of plants (in their cultural context) can be described, using standardised descriptors and terms, and attached to taxonomic data sets. This is of enormous benefit to gatherers of information, especially where exchanges of data sets are involved.

Medicinal Plants

American Botanical Council
ABC's goals are to educate the public about beneficial herbs and plants and to promote the safe and effective use of medicinal plants.

American Herbal Pharmacopoeia
AHP's goals are to produce herbal monographs that present detailed descriptions of each herb's history, botany, pharmacognosy, chemistry, analytical methods and clinical therapeutics.

American Herbal Products Association
The AHPA exists to serve its members by promoting the responsible commerce of products which contain herbs and which are used to enhance health and quality of life.

America Herbalists Guild
The AHG is the only peer-review organization for professional herbalists specializing in the medicinal use of plants.

CAB International
CABI Bioscience division is a global leader in applied biological sciences for sustainable agriculture and environmental safety. Other divisions include CABI Publishing and CABI Information for Development.

Center for International Ethnomedicinal Education and Research
CIEER's goals are to educate the public concerning the use of plants for healing by traditional cultures and to promote the safe and effective use of medicinal plants.

Donald Danforth Plant Science Center
The Danforth Center hopes to increase our understanding of basic plant biology and to apply new knowledge for the benefit of human nutrition and health. Home of CassavaNet.

Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
This set of literature links was compiled by James Duke of the Agricultural Resource Service of the USDA.

Economic Botany
From the Centre for Economic Botany, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Contains information about their People and Plants Initiative, Traditional Remedies Surveillance, Nightshade, and PROTA-UK (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa). Check out their Collections, Information, and Education links as well.

Elixir Farm
We are pleased to offer you seeds of unusual medicinal plants from our bioregion and their analogs (genetically similar relatives) from China. Nestled deep in a mist-filled river valley of the Missouri Ozarks.

Ethnobotanical Leaflets
This Web Journal is a great source of information on economic plants. Presented by Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.

Developed by Sara Hamer, a certified Medical Herbalist, this site contains information about herbs and conservation.

European Society of Ethnopharmacology
Founded in 1990, the society is comprised of national European associations interested in the study of traditional pharmacopoeias and over 1500 specialists.

Healing Herb Database
From Futuregarden.com, this easy to search database allows you to select one of 15 "problems", over 80 ailments, and over 100 herbs. Chosen by Study Web as one of the best educational sites on the web.

Click on the "Herbs" tab at top to go to their herbal description site. Includes images, traditional uses, active constituents, and references.

Herb Research Foundation
HRF's goals are to increase the rational and informed use of herbs through scientific research and education and to bring nature back into modern health care in the US and around the world.

Herb Society of America
Founded in 1933, the Society is concerned with the cultivation of herbs and with the study of their history and their uses, both past and present.

Medherb from Medical Herbalism
This site provides links to medical information and other resources related to medicinal herbs and herbalism practiced in a clinical setting, regardless of the medical tradition or system.

Museu Botanico
The Botanical Museum located at Escola Superior Agrária de Beja (Portugal) is a scientific and cultural centre created to display temporary exhibitions that show the millenary alliance established between Man and the Plants.

National Institue of Health--Office of Dietary Supplements
ODS's mission is to strengthen knowledge and understanding of dietary supplements by evaluating scientific information, stimulating and supporting research, disseminating research results, and educating the public to foster an enhanced quality of life and health for the U.S. population.

People and Plants
The People and Plants Initiative, comprised of WWF, UNESCO, and Royal Botanic Garden (Kew), aims to contribute to equitable use of plant resources and continuity of local ecological knowledge in developing countries.

Society for Economic Botany
The SEB's goals are to promote scientific research, education, and related activities on the past, present, and future uses of plants. Publishes the journal Economic Botany four times a year.

Teeter Creek Herbs
The great majority of our herbs are either organically grown or wild crafted in the environs of our farm situated in a wild valley in the Ozark Mountains. Features "Ask the Herbalist".

World Resources Institute
WRI is an environmental think tank that goes beyond research to find practical ways to protect the earth and improve people's lives. Includes articles about forestry and grasslands, and biodiversity and protected areas.

3-D Database of Pharmaceutically Active Chemicals
Check out this cool site to see three dimensional diagrams of selected chemicals (plug-in required).

Natural Products Research


Advanced Life Sciences
Advanced Life Sciences is a privately held biopharmaceutical company engaged in the discovery, development, and commercialization of novel drugs in the areas of infectious disease, oncology, and inflammation.

AnalytiCon Discovery
AnalytiCon Discovery GmbH is a biotechnology company focusing on the development of compound libraries consisting of natural product small molecules. It's customers from all over the world are using the compounds to develop new drugs, crop protection agents and food additives.

Cetek Corporation is a drug discovery company prospecting natural extracts for novel, patentable compounds as drug lead candidates.

Eisai Inc.
Eisai is a human health care (hhc) company seeking innovative solutions in disease prevention, cure and care for the health and well-being of people worldwide. It's subsidiary, the Eisai Research Institute, is devoted to the discovery and identification of molecules and naturally occurring biologically active compounds that have the potential to treat and prevent diseases.

ICBG: Panama
The ICBG-Panama is one of the ICBG projects entitled "Ecologically Guided Bioprospecting in Panama". It focuses on drug discovery research by collecting plants using criteria developed through ecological research, and by extracting fresh samples that are later tested in bioassays for activity against certain diseases and agricultural pests.

National Center for Natural Products Research at the University of Mississippi
NCNPR brings together people from academia, government, and the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries to further research, development, and commercialization of potentially useful natural products. It is the nation’s only university-affiliated research center devoted to improving human health and agricultural productivity through the development of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals derived from natural products.

NCI/NIH Natural Products Branch
The primary responsibility of the Natural Products Branch is the acquisition of crude natural product materials from terrestrial and marine environments, usually via competitive contracts world-wide, for extraction and screening of extracts in the NCI cancer cell line. The responsibilities include the selection and evaluation of the materials to be tested, and the procurement of large quantities of raw materials necessary to produce sufficient quantities of those active agents selected for preclinical and clinical evaluation.

Sequoia Sciences
Sequoia Sciences, an emerging leader in drug discovery, utilizes proprietary chemistry procedures and innovative technologies. Through internal research programs and collaborations with other drug discovery companies, Sequoia hopes to significantly increase the discovery rate of novel, drug-like compounds.


Journal of Natural Products
Published jointly by the American Chemical Society and the American Society of Pharmacognosy, the Journal of Natural Products is edited specifically for natural product chemists, biochemists, pharmacologists, taxonomists, and ecologists. Journal of Natural Products comprises natural product research relating to the chemistry and/or biochemistry of naturally occurring compounds or the biology of living systems from which they are obtained.

American Society of Pharmacognosy
The American Society of Pharmacognosy was founded in 1959 as an outgrowth of the Plant Science Seminar which itself was established in 1923. The Society is international in scope and brings together men and women dedicated to the promotion, growth, and development not only of pharmacognosy but all aspects of those sciences related to and dealing in natural products.

Planta Medica
Planta Medica is the official organ of the Society for Medicinal Plant Research, a group dedicated to the advancement of research and science in the field of medicinal plants. Its principal activities include the organization of scientific meetings, financial support of research, the publication of this journal, and cooperation with institutions pursuing similar aims.

Plant Genetic Resources


Bioversity International
Bioversity is the world's largest international research organization dedicated solely to the conservation and use of agricultural biodiversity. It is non-profit and independently operated.

The Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
The Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is a permanent forum where governments discuss and negotiate matters relevant to genetic resources for food and agriculture. The main objectives of the CGRFA are to ensure the conservation and sustainable utilization of genetic resources for food and agriculture, as well the fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from their use, for present and future generations.

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research is an organization formed under the auspices of the World Bank, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, and the UN Development Programme, that is dedicated to the improvement of agricultural research and the spread of the benefits thereof worldwide.

Global Crop Diversity Trust
The Global Crop Diversity Trust is an organization set up under the auspices of FAO and IPGRI to insure that genebanks around the world currently maintaining much of the genetic diversity of agricultural crop plants receive adequate funding. The trust has a $260 million endowment, which gives them an annual operating budget of about $11-13 million. Established in 2004, the trust has developed a series of conservation programs that are either crop- or region-specific.

International Food Policy Research Institute
International Food Policy Research Institute seeks to identify and analyze policies that will allow the food needs of the developing world to be met in a sustainable fashion. Research at IFPRI concentrates on economic growth and poverty alleviation in low-income countries, improvement of the well-being of poor people, and sound management of the natural resource base that supports agriculture.

The John Innes Centre
The Department of Crop Genetics at the John Innes Center conducts fundamental research on the biology of cereals, brassicas and legumes. The goal is to develop high-yielding, stress and disease resistant varieties.

National Plant Germplasm System
Federal and state institutions, in cooperation with private organizations, are working to preserve genetic diversity of plants. Emphasis is on acquiring, preserving, and distributing plant germplasm both within the United States and worldwide.


Germplasm Enhancement of Maize (GEM)
The Germplasm Enhancement of Maize project is a cooperative effort of the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service, land-grant universities, and industry. Our objective: widen the germplasm base of commercial hybrid corn in the United States through the introduction and incorporation of novel and useful germplasm gathered from around the globe.

International Cocoa Germplasm Database
The ICGD project was initiated in response to a need for a global germplasm information service for the cocoa research community; in particular cocoa breeders and genebank managers.

International Potato Center
The International Potato Center (known worldwide by its Spanish acronym, CIP) seeks to reduce poverty and achieve food security on a sustained basis in developing countries through scientific research and related activities on potato, sweet potato, and other root and tuber crops.

International Rice Resource Institute
IRRI is a non-profit agricultural research and training center, established to improve the well-being of present and future generations of rice farmers and consumers. It is dedicated to helping farmers in developing countries produce more food on limited land using less water, less labor, and fewer chemical inputs, without harming the environment.

SoyBase is part of the legume database project coordinated by Randy Shoemaker at Iowa State University and funded by the USDA-ARS Plant Genome Program.

USDA ARS Cereal Crop Research Unit
The mission of the Cereal Crops Research Unit is to: (1) Identify and characterize the biological and biochemical mechanisms in cereal plants that affect the properties of their grain products; (2) Develop knowledge of basic growth, development, and metabolic processes of cereal plants; (3) Evaluate findings for their potential application to improve cereal quality through enhanced germplasm or altered production practices; (4) Provide support for applied oat and barley research and breeding programs in ARS and State Agricultural Experiment Stations.

The World of Peas
An information resource about research on peas from the Department of Metabolic Biology of the John Innes Center.


Center for International Forestry Research
CIFOR is an international research and global knowledge institution committed to conserving forests and improving the livelihoods of people in the tropics. CIFOR's high impact research helps local communities and small farmers gain their rightful share of forest resources, while increasing the production and value of forest products.

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
Established in 1977, ICARDA is one of the 15 centers strategically located all over the world and supported by CGIAR. With its main research station and offices based in Aleppo, Syria, ICARDA works through a network of partnerships with national, regional and international institutions, universities, non-governmental organizations and ministries in the developing world; and with advanced research institutes in industrialized countries.

International Center for Tropical Agriculture
The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) is a not-for-profit research and development organization dedicated to reducing poverty and hunger while protecting natural resources in developing countries.

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
ICRISAT seeks to help developing countries apply science to increase crop productivity and food security, reduce poverty, and protect the environment. ICRISAT focuses on the farming systems of the semi-arid tropical areas of the developing world, where erratic rainfall, low soil fertility, and extreme poverty are formidable constraints to agricultural development.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) was founded in 1967 with a mandate for improving food production in the humid tropics and to develop sustainable production systems. It thus became the first African link in the worldwide network of agricultural research centers supported by CGIAR.

World Agroforestry Center
The World Agroforesty Center, formerly known as the International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), was created in response to a visionary study in the mid-1970s led by forester John Bene of Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC). The study coined the term 'agroforestry' and called for global recognition of the key role trees play on farms. This led to the establishment of ICRAF in 1978 to promote agroforestry research in developing countries.


Agricultural Conferences, Meetings, Seminars Calendar
This website provides a comprehensive list of professional meetings for a number of disciplines.