Many plant species played a role in early civilizations, and their presence during that time was recorded in ancient documents such as the Bible. This ancient book mentions about 110 plant species within its pages, many of which grow in an area of the world where the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa converge. It's an area of unique geological structures with diverse climate, plants and animal life. It's also a land of snow capped mountains, fertile river valleys, and extensive dry deserts with oases where a great variety of plants are found.

Biblical Plant List

Willow Tree

Isaiah 44:4, Ezekiel 17:5

Sycamore Fig

Luke19:1 -4

Cedar of Lebanon

I Kings 6:36, Ezekiel 31:3,5

Olive Tree

Genesis 8:11, James 3:12, Romans 11:17-24

Cypress (Gopher Wood)

Genesis 6:13,14

Almond Tree

Numbers 17:1,1,3,8

Pistachio (Mastic Tree)

Genesis 43:11

Red Bud Tree (Judas Tree)

Matthew 27:5


Old Testament as lily of the valley

Carob (St. John's Bread)

Luke 15:16

Bay Laurel (Green Bay Tree)

Psalms 37:35,36

Acadia Tree

Exodus, Numbers, Joshua, Micah


Hosea 14:5


The Song of Solomon 4:14

Fig Tree

Micah 4:3-4


Isaiah 35:1, The Song of Solomon 2:1-2


Genesis, Isaiah, The Song of Solomon


Leviticus 23:40


Exodus 39:24-26, I Kings 7:18-20


Ecclesiastes 12:15

Papyrus (Bulrushes)

Exodus 1:22, Exodus 2:2,3,5

Oleander (Rose of the water brooks)

Ecclesiastes 39:13,14,15

Holms Oak (Holly Oak)

Rebakah’s nurse buried under holly oak

Acanthus (Bear's Breeches)

Job 30:7, Zephaniah 2:9

Grape Vine

John 15:5-6, Leviticus 19:10

Water lily (Blue Lotus of Egypt)



Nehemiah 8:15

Kermes Oak (Scarlet or Crimson)

Numbers 19:6


Isaiah 60:13