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Rosa del C. Ortiz, Ph.D.Rosa del C. Ortiz, Ph.D.
Colombia Program Coordinator
Science & Conservation Division

office phone: + 1 (314) 577-5171
fax: + 1 (314) 577-0820

Missouri Botanical Garden
4344 Shaw Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63110

Ph.D., Botany, University of Missouri-St. Louis, USA. 2010
M.Sc., Botany, University of Missouri-St. Louis, USA. 2000
B.S., Biology, Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana, Iquitos, PERU. 1986
My research interests encompass ecology, systematics, evolutionary relationships, and morphological and geographical diversification of vascular plants. I also have an interest in neotropical plant diversity and conservation, the latter topic has become more relevant in the face of increasing natural habitat modification and climate change.

My current research centers in the family Menispermaceae, where I apply integrative approaches that include DNA sequence-based studies, specimen based studies, and developmental anatomy to understand the phylogenetic affinities and the morphological diversification of the family. In addition, I am involved in revisionary/monographic work on selected neotropical genera of the family, for which I am evaluating species limits in order to provide an accurate view of their taxonomic diversity. In addressing species limits, I integrate morphological, phylogenetic, ecological, and geographical data to document and explain patterns of variation within and among populations, as well as to evaluate the conservation status of the individual species.

Recent previous work involved: 1) a comparative developmental anatomy of curved seeds of the Menispermaceae, which is a key morphological feature of the family 2) an annotated checklist of the Antioquia Department, Colombia.

My interest in neotropical floristics is directed towards documenting plant diversity in still under-collected areas in the neotropics. By using plant collection data from Colombia recorded in TROPICOS® and analyzed with Geographic Information System (GIS), I aim to identify gaps in botanical collecting and to explore how the collecting gaps relate to current land use in the country. Results are expected to direct future floristic inventories, maximizing species discovery as well as conservation efforts.

Current Projects
Menispermaceae flora treatment for Flora of Colombia, the checklist of Madagascar, and systematics of the neotropical genus Curarea.

Collaborative research focuses on: 1) conducting a revised suprageneric classification of the Menispermaceae, integrating DNA sequence data and selected morphological characters, 2) evaluating the phylogenetic signal and mode of evolution of continuous traits in Menispermaceae, and 3) identifying gaps in botanical collecting in Colombia.

Recently completed projects: Plant diversity in Colombia Antioquia: Lista anotada
Completed contributions: Menispermaceae: Flora Mesoamericana Checklist of Colombia Checklist of Bolivia
Web page The Menispermaceae Family  (Under construction)
Available upon request
Selected Publications Ortiz, R. del C. 2012. Seed diversity in Menispermaceae: Developmental anatomy and insights into the origin of the condyle. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 143(4): 344–364. Wang, W., R.D.C. Ortiz, F.M.B. Jacques, X.-G. Xiang, H.-Lei Li, L. Lin, R.-Q. Li, Y. Liu, P.S. Soltis, D.E. Soltis & Z.-D. Chen. 2012. Menispermaceae and the diversification of tropical rainforest near the Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary. New Phytol. 195: 470–478. Ortiz, R. del C. 2011. The identity of Synandropus and a new combination in neotropical Menispermaceae. Novon 21: 357—361. Ortiz, R. del C. 2011. Menispermaceae. Pp. 629–631. En: Idárraga Piedrahita, R. del C. Ortiz, R. Callejas, & M. Merello (eds.). Flora de Antioquia: Catálago de las Plantas Vasculares. Vol. II. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Programa Expedición Antioquia-2013. Series Biodiversidad y Recursos Naturales. Universidad de Antioquia, Missouri Botanical Garden & Oficina de planeación departamental de la Gobernación de Antioquia, Editorial D’Vinni, Bogotá, Colombia. Jacques, F.M.B. W. Wang, R. del C. Ortiz, H. Li, Z. Zhou & Z. Chen. 2011. Integrating fossils in a molecular-based phylogeny and testing them as calibration points for divergence time estimates in Menispermaceae. J. Syst. Evol. 49: 25–49. Ortiz, R. 2010. Menispermaceae. Pp. 1024–1036. In: Vásquez M. R., R. Rojas & H. van der Werff (eds.). Flora del Río Cenepa, Amazonas, Perú. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 114, Vol. 2. Gentianaceae-Zingiberaceae. Ortiz, R. del C., E. A. Kellogg & H. van der Werff. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the moonseed family (Menispermaceae): Implications for morphological diversification. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 1425–1438. 2007. Ortiz, R. 2005. Menispermaceae. Pp. 377-343. En: Flórula de Amacayacu (Amazonía, Colombia). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 99.
Name in bibliographic citations: Rosa Ortiz, R. Ortiz, R. Ortíz S., R. Ortiz-Gentry, Rosa Ortiz-Gentry, R.D.C. Ortiz, R. del C. Ortiz.

See also: Géneros comunes de Menispermaceae.