Wendy L. Applequist, Ph.D.
William L. Brown Center
office phone: + 1 (314) 577-0267
fax: + 1 (314) 577-0800
Missouri Botanical Garden
4344 Shaw Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63110
Ph.D., Iowa State University, 1999
B.S., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1994
Medicinal plants Flora of Madagascar Natural products discovery Botanical nomenclature (Secretary, Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants)
Available upon request
Research Emphases Taxonomic studies, especially of plants native to Madagascar Natural products discovery Identification and quality control of medicinal plants Sustainability of traditional plant use
Selected Publications Applequist, W. L., J. A. Brinckmann, A. B. Cunningham, R. E. Hart, M. Heinrich, D. R. Katerere, and T. van Andel. 2020. Scientists’ Warning on climate change and medicinal plants. Planta Medica 86: 10–18. Wassel, A. C., and W. L. Applequist. 2020. A revision of Homalium sect. Nisa (Salicaceae) endemic to Madagascar. Candollea 75: 1–23 Ciotir, C., W. Applequist, T. E. Crews, N. Cristea, L. R. DeHaan, E. Frawley, S. Herron, R. Magill, J. Miller, Y. Roskov, B. Schlautman, J. Solomon, A. Townesmith, D. Van Tassel, J. Zarucchi, and A. J. Miller. 2019. Building a botanical foundation for perennial agriculture: Global inventory of wild, perennial herbaceous Fabaceae species. Plants, People, Planet 1: 375–386. He, L., S. Liao, W. Applequist, and S. Chen. 2019. The valid publication of Salix suchowensis (Salicaceae). PhytoKeys 131: 27–35. Katerere, D. R., W. Applequist, O. M. Aboyade, and C. Togo, editors. 2019. Traditional and indigenous knowledge for the modern era: A natural and applied science perspective. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL. Katerere, D. R., W. L. Applequist, and T. Flaster. 2019. Hurdles in the commercialization of tribal and indigenous knowledge-derived technologies. Pp. 273–283 in Katerere, D. R., W. Applequist, O. M. Aboyade, and C. Togo, editors, Traditional and indigenous knowledge for the modern era: A natural and applied science perspective. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL. Applequist, W. L. 2018. A revision of the Malagasy species of Homalium sect. Blackwellia (Salicaceae). Candollea 73: 221–244. Applequist, W. L. 2018. A revision of Homalium sect. Odontolobus (Salicaceae) endemic to Madagascar. Candollea 73: 27–48. Applequist, W. L., M. Ratsimbason, A. Kuhlman, S. Rakotonandrasana, V. Rasamison, and D. G. I. Kingston. 2017. Antimalarial use of Malagasy plants is poorly correlated with performance in antimalarial bioassays. Economic Botany 71: 75–82. Applequist, W. L. 2016. A reconsideration of the infrageneric classification of Homalium Jacq. (Salicaceae). Candollea 71: 231–256. Applequist, W. L. 2016. A revision of the Malagasy species of Homalium sect. Eumyriantheia Warb. (Salicaceae). Candollea 71: 33–60. Applequist, W. L., and G. E. Schatz. 2016. A synoptic revision of the Malagasy species of Scolopia Schreb. (Salicaceae, Scolopieae). Adansonia, sér. 3, 38: 99–115. Mudge, E., J. Finley, P. Lister, W. Applequist, A. K. Townesmith, K. M. Walker, and P. N. Brown. 2016. Variation of select flavonols and chlorogenic acid content of elderberry collected throughout the Eastern United States. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 47: 52–59. Applequist, W. L. 2015. A brief review of recent controversies in the taxonomy and nomenclature of Sambucus nigra sensu lato. Acta Horticulturae 1061: 25–33. Applequist, W. L. 2015. Using traditional taxonomy and vouchers in authentication and quality control. Pp. 31–41 in K. Reynertson and K. Mahmood, eds., Botanicals: Methods and techniques for quality & authenticity. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Skornia, E., M. Yang, and W. L. Applequist. 2015. Phenetic analyses and revised classification of the Ptelea trifoliata complex. Western North American Naturalist 75: 406–428. Applequist, W. L. 2014. A taxonomic revision of Dombeya section Decastemon (Malvaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 99: 553–619. Applequist, W. L., and L. M. Campbell, editors. 2014. DNA banking for the 21st century: Proceedings of the U.S. Workshop on DNA Banking. William L. Brown Center, St. Louis, MO. Applequist, W. L., P. B. Phillipson, and G. E. Schatz. 2014. A synoptic revision of the Malagasy endemic genus Calantica (Salicaceae). Adansonia, sér. 3, 36: 83–102. Walker, K. M., A. Pemberton, T. Grassrope, K. Gravatt, S. Claymore, and W. L. Applequist. 2014. New vascular plant floristic records for the Dakotas. Western North American Naturalist 74: 356–363. Applequist, W. L. 2013. A nomenclator for Homalium (Salicaceae). Skvortsovia 1:12–74. Applequist, W. L., and J. S. Miller. 2013. Selection and authentication of botanical materials for the development of analytical methods. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 405: 4419–4428. Walker, K. M., and W. L. Applequist. 2012. Adulteration of selected unprocessed botanicals in the U.S. retail herbal trade. Economic Botany 66: 321–327. Applequist, W. L., and D. E. Moerman. 2011. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.): a neglected panacea? A review of ethnobotany, bioactivity, and biomedical research. Economic Botany 65: 209–225. Thomas, A. L., W. L. Applequist, G. E. Rottinghaus, and J. S. Miller. 2011 [publ. 2012]. Black cohosh rhizome and phytochemical production in response to shading, spacing, and age. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS) 925: 175–183. Applequist, W. L. 2009. A revision of the Malagasy endemic Helmiopsis (Malvaceae s.l.). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 96: 521–540. Applequist, W. L., H. Johnson, and G. Rottinghaus. 2008. (+)-Catechin, (-)-epicatechin, and gallic acid content of seeds of hybrid grapes hardy in Missouri. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 59: 98–102. Applequist, W. L., D. J. McGlinn, M. Miller, Q. G. Long, and J. S. Miller. 2007. How well do herbarium data predict the location of present populations? A test using Echinacea species in Missouri. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 1397–1407. Hildreth, J., E. Hrabeta-Robinson, W. Applequist,, and J. Betz. 2007. Standard operating procedure for the collection and preparation of voucher plant specimens for use in the nutraceutical industry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 389: 13–17. Applequist, W. 2006. The identification of medicinal plants: a handbook of the morphology of botanicals in commerce. American Botanical Council, Austin, TX. Applequist, W. L., B. Avula, B. T. Schaneberg, Y.-H. Wang, and I. A. Khan. 2006. Comparative fatty acid content of seeds of four Cucurbita species grown in a common (shared) garden. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19: 606–611. Miller, J. S., and W. L. Applequist. 2006. Research grade botanicals: issues in dietary supplement research. Acta Horticulturae 720: 49–58. Applequist, W. L. 2005. A revision of the Malagasy endemic Talinella (Portulacaceae). Adansonia, sér. 3, 27: 47–80. Applequist, W. L., and D. B. Pratt. 2005. The Malagasy endemic Dendroportulaca (Portulacaceae) is referable to Deeringia (Amaranthaceae): molecular and morphological evidence. Taxon 54: 681–687. Applequist, W. L. 2003. Rhizome and root anatomy of potential contaminants of Actaea racemosa L. (black cohosh). Flora 198: 358–365. Applequist, W. L., and R. S. Wallace. 2003. Expanded circumscription of Didiereaceae and its division into three subfamilies. Adansonia, sér. 3, 25: 13–16. Applequist, W. L. 2002. A reassessment of the nomenclature of Matricaria L. and Tripleurospermum Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae). Taxon 51: 757–761. Schaneberg, B. T., W. L. Applequist, and I. A. Khan. 2002. Determination of aristolochic acid I and II in North American species of Asarum and Aristolochia. Pharmazie 57: 686–689. Applequist, W. L., R. Cronn, and J. F. Wendel. 2001. Comparative development of fiber in wild and cultivated cotton. Evolution and Development 3(1): 1–15. Applequist, W. L., and R. S. Wallace. 2001. Phylogeny of the portulacaceous cohort based on ndhF sequence data. Systematic Botany 26(2): 406–419. Applequist, W. L., and R. S. Wallace. 2000. Phylogeny of the Madagascan endemic family Didiereaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 221: 157–166.