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Rainer Willi BussmannRainer Willi Bussmann
Director and William L. Brown Curator for Economic Botany
William L. Brown Center

Honorary Adjunct Professor, Washington Univ. St. Louis
Honorary Adjunct Professor, Univ. of Missouri, St. Louis

office phone: + 1 (314) 577-9503; cell: + 1 (314) 623-5486
fax: + 1 (314) 577-0800
email: rainer.bussmann@mobot.org

Missouri Botanical Garden
P.O. Box 299
St. Louis, MO 63166-0299

Education
Ph.D. (Botany), Univ. of Bayreuth, Germany, Magna Cum Laude, 1994
M.S. (Biology), Univ. of Tübingen, Germany, 1993
Ethnobotany / Economic Botany Plant Ecology and Regeneration Ecology Systematics (Plukenetieae, Merianeae) Seed and Germination Ecology Natural Resource Management International Law in Relation to Intellectual Property Rights, Ecology, and Environment
Current Projects
Medicinal plants and climate change: Biodiversity, systematics, ecology and use-potential of high altitude species in the Andes, Himalaya, and Caucasus ranges Vegetation, regeneration and succession processes, use-potential and conservation of tropical mountain forests in Peru and Bolivia Montane forest ecosystems in Southern Ethiopia - Biodiversity in the interface of human use, wildlife conservation, and climate chang Phylogeny and sustainable use of a tropical plant resource: The example of Arecaceae in the Andes, Madagascar, and Southeast Asia International Ethnobotany Database (ebDB)
For Dr. Bussmann's complete CV with list of publications, click here (Adobe Acrobat Reader required).
Monigatti, M., Bussmann, R.W., Weckerle, C.S. (2013). Medicinal plant use in two Andean communities located at different altitudes in the Bolivar Province, Peru. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 145(2):450-464. Kunwar, R.M., Mahat, L., Acharya, R.P. Bussmann, R.W. Medicinal plants, traditional medicine, markets and management in far-west Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:24. Bhat, J.A., Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Ecological status and traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary of Garhwal Himalaya, India. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9(1). Kumar, M., Sheikha, M.A., Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Effect of fire on soil nutrient in Chir pine forest in Garhwal Himalaya, India. Journal of Acta Ecologica Sinica 33 (1):59-63. Bussmann, R.W. (in press). East African plant use – differences in plant use between nomadic and agricultural societies. Scripta Botanica Belgica. Azahuanche, F.P., Rodríguez Ávalos, F., León Aponte, G., Sharon, D., Bussmann, R.W., Willsky, G.R., Guerrero, G., Willner, K., Castro Dionicio, I. (2012). Estudio fitoquímico y antibacteriano de mezclas de plantas medicinales. En búsqueda de nuevos componentes. - Phytochemical and antibacterial study of medicinal plant mixtures. In search of new components. Pueblo Continente 23(32):339-343. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N.Y. (2012). Axinaea ninakurorum Bussmann, Paniagua – a new species from the Northern Peruvian Merianeae hotspot. Arnaldoa 9(1). Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N.Y. (2012). "Facing global markets - Usage changes in Amazonian Palms: the example of Euterpe precatoria and E. oleracea". Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae. 81 (4):257-261. Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, In: Raj, A.J., Lal, S.B. (eds.): Forestry: Principles and Applications. Scientific Publishers: Jodhpur, India. Kunwar, R.M., Mahat, L., Sharma, L.N., Shrestha, K.P., Kominee, H., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Underutilized Plant Species in Far-West Nepal – A Valuable Resource Being Wasted. Journal of Mountain Science 9:589-600. Kumar, P., Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Isolation and spectral characterization of a new biaurone from Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merr. (Fabaceae) pods. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. Quiroga, R., Meneses, L., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Medicinal ethnobotany in Huacareta (Chiquisaca, Bolivia). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 8:29. Bussmann, R.W. A Tribute to Richard E. Schultes. (2012). In: Ponman, B., Bussmann R.W. (eds.): Medicinal plants and the legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Proceedings of the Botany 2011 Richard E Schultes Symposium. Graficart, Trujillo, vii-xi. Bussmann, R.W. I Know Every Tree in the Forest: Reflections on the Life and Legacy of Richard Evans Schultes (2012). In: Ponman, B., Bussmann R.W. (eds.): Medicinal plants and the legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Proceedings of the Botany 2011 Richard E Schultes Symposium. Graficart, Trujillo, 13-22. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N. (2012). Traditional knowledge in a changing world - new insights from the Chacobo in Bolivia. In: Ponman, B., Bussmann R.W. (eds.): Medicinal plants and the legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Proceedings of the Botany 2011 Richard E Schultes Symposium. Graficart, Trujillo, 23-34. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2011). Mending the heart. Plants used in Peruvian ethnomedicine for heart disease, blood pressure irregularities and cholesterol control. Arnaldoa 18(1). Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2011). Traditional medicinal plants used in Northern Peru for kidney problems and urinary infections. Arnaldoa 18(2). Sheikh, M.A., Kumar, M., Todaria N.P., Bussmann, R.W. (2011). Forest carbon stocks and fluxes in physiographic zones of India. Carbon Balance and Management 6(15). Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2011). Traditional knowledge for modern ailments – plants used for the treatment of diabetes and cancer in Northern Peru. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 5(31), 6916-6930. Vandebroek, I., Reyes-Garcia, V., de Albuquerque, U.P., Bussmann, R.W., Pieroni, A. (2011) Local knowledge: who cares? J Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 7:35. Kumar, M., Sheikh, M.A., Bussmann, R.W. (2011). Ethnomedicinal and ecological status of plants in Garhwal Himalaya, India. J Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 7:32. Bussmann, R.W., Swartzinsky, P., Worede, A., Evangelista, P. (2011). Plant use in Odo-Bulu and Demaro, Bale region, Ethiopia. J Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 7:28. Bussmann, R.W. (2011). “I know every tree, every single tree one can see…” – The life and legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Plant Science Bulletin 57(2):66-69. Bussmann, R.W., Malca, G., Glenn, A., Sharon, D., Nilsen, B., Parris, B., Dubose, D., Ruiz, D., Saleda, J., Martinez, M., Carillo, L., Walker, K., Kuhlman, A., Townesmith, A. (2011). Toxicity of medicinal plants used in Northern Peru. J. Ethnopharmacology 137:121-140. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (2011). Fighting infections – medicinal plants used in Northern Peru for the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections and inflammation symptoms. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 5(8):1297-1304. Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W., Mukesh, J., Kumar, P. (2011). Ethnomedicinal uses of plants close to rural habitation in Garhwal Himalayan, India. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 5(11):2252-2260. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (2011). Fighting pain. Traditional Peruvian remedies for the treatment of Asthma, Rheumatism, Arthritis and sore bones. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 10(3):397-412. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A., Sharon, D., Chait, G., Díaz, D., Pourmand, K., Jonat, B., Somogy, S., Guardado, G., Aguirre, C., Meyer, K., Rothrock, A., Townesmith, A. (2011). Antibacterial activity of Northern Peruvian medicinal plants. Ethnobotany Research and Application 9:67-96. Laurance, W.F., Useche, C.D., Shoo, L.P., Herzog, S.K., Kessler, M., Escobar, F., Brehm, G., Axmacher, J.C., Chen, I.C., Arellano Gámez, L., Hietz, P., Fiedler, K., Pyrcz, T., Wolf, J., Merkord, C.L., Cardelus, C., Marshall, A., Ah-Peng, C., Aplet, G.H., Coro Arizmendi, M. del, Baker, W.J., Barone, J., Brühl, C.A., Bussmann, R.W., Cicuzza, D., Eilu, G., Favila, M.E., Hietz, P., Hemp, A., Hemp, C., Homeier, J., Huey, R.B., Hurtado, J., Jankowski, J., Kattán, G., Kluge, J., Krömer, T., Lees, D., Lehnert, M., Longino, J.T., Lovett, J., Martin, P.H., Patterson, B., Pearson, R., Peh, K.S.-H., Richardson, B., Richardson, M., Samways, M., Feyera Senbeta, F., Smith, T.B., Tim Utteridge, T., Watkins, J.E., Wilson, R., Williams, S.E., & Thomas, C.D. (2011). Global warming and the vulnerability of tropical biota: Where do the thermal specialists live? Biological Conservation 144:548–557. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (2010). Plants used for the treatment of gastro-intestinal ailments in Northern Peruvian ethnomedicine. Arnaldoa 17(2):255-270. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (2010). Peruvian medicinal plants for the treatment of liver and gallbladder ailments. Arnaldoa 17(2):243-253. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (2010). Traditional Peruvian medicine for the treatment of respiratory disorders. Revista Peruana de Biologia 17(2):331-346. Kunwar, R.M., Shrestha, K.P., Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Traditional herbal medicine in Far-west Nepal: a pharmacological appraisal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6:35. Joshi, M., Kumar, M. & Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Ethnomedicinal uses of plant resources of the Haigad watershed in Kumaun Himalaya. Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science and Biotechnology 4 (special issue 1):43-46. Kunwar, R.M., Burlakoti, C., Chowdhary, C.L. & Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Medicinal Plants in Farwest Nepal: Their Indigenous Uses and Pharmacological Validity. Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science and Biotechnology 4 (special issue 1):28-42. Hennig L., Malca-García G., Giannis A., Bussmann R.W. (2010). New constituents of Baccharis genistelliodes (Lam.) Pers. Archive for Organic Chemistry (vi):74-82. Bussmann, R.W., Malca, G., Glenn, A., Sharon, D., Chait, G., Díaz, D., Pourmand, K., Jonat, B., Somogy, S., Guardado, G., Aguirre, C. , Meyer, K., Rothrock, A., Townesmith, A., Effio-Carbajal, J., Frías-Fernandez, F., Benito, M. (2010). Minimum inhibitory concentration of medicinal plants used in Northern Peru as antibacterial remedies. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 132:101-108. Njoroge, G.N., Gemmill, B., Bussmann, R.W., Newton, L.E., Ngumi, V.M. (2010). Diversity and efficiency of wild pollinators of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.) at Yatta, Kenya. Journal of Applied Horticulture 12(1):35-41. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (2010). Medicinal plants used in Northern Peru for reproductive problems and female health. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6(30). Lozano, P., Kueppers, M., and Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Plant Diversity on Parámo and Andean Elfin Forest in Podocarpus National Park Loja, Ecuador. Arnaldoa 17(2):193-202. Bussmann, R.W., Gruhn, J. & Glenn, A. (2010). Axinaea fernando-cabiesii and A. reginae spp. nov. (Melastomataceae) from upper Amazonia of Peru, with notes on the conservation status of A. flava. Nordic Journal of Botany 28:518-522. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. & Glenn, A. (2010). Healing the body, healing the soul. Traditional remedies for “magical” ailments, nervous system and psychosomatic disorders in Northern Peru. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4(9):580-629. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. & Sharon, D. (2010). Antibacterial activity of medicinal plants of Northern Peru – can traditional applications provide leads for modern science? Indian Journal of Traditional Medicine 9(4):742-753. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (2010). Cooling the heat - Traditional remedies for malaria and fever in Northern Peru. Ethnobotany Research and Application 8:125–134. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A., Meyer, K., Rothrock, A., Townesmith, A. (2010). Herbal mixtures in traditional medicine in Northern Peru. J Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6(10). Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2010). Nombrando un fantasma: La búsqueda de la identidad de Ulluchu, una planta ceremonial no identificada de la cultura Moche en el norte de Perú. In: Galvez, C (ed): Medicina Tradicional Conocimiento Milenario. Serie Antropología No 1-2009, 171–182. Museo de Arquelogía, Antropología e Historia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Sharon, D., Glass-Coffin, B. & Bussmann, R.W. (2010). La mesa de Julia Calderón de Ávila. In: Galvez, C (ed): Medicina Tradicional Conocimiento Milenario. Serie Antropología No 1-2009, 245–254. Museo de Arquelogía, Antropología e Historia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Bussmann, R.W. & Sharon, D. (2010). From collection to market and cure – an interdisciplinary study of traditional plant use in Northern Peru. Albuquerque, U.P. and Hanazaki,N. (Eds). Recent Developments and Case Studies in Ethnobotany. Recife, Brazil: Brazilian Society of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology (SBEE)/ Publication Group of Ecology and Applied Ethnobotany (NUPEEA). 288p; pp. 184–207. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. & Cleef, A. (2009). Phytogeography of the Vascular Páramo Flora of Podocarpus National Park, South Ecuador. Arnaldoa 16(2):69–85. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Diaz, D., Cardenas, R., Chait, G., Castro, M., Regalado, S., Del Toro C., R., Malca G., G., Perez A, F., Glenn, A. (2009). Antibacterial activity of medicinal plant species in Northern Peru. Arnaldoa 16(1):93–103. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Castro, M., Cardenas, R., Chait, G., Regalado, S., Del Toro C., R., Malca G., G., Perez A, F. & Glenn, A. (2009). Phyto-Chemical Analysis of Peruvian Medicinal Plants. Arnaldoa 16(1):105– 110. Restrepo, C., Walker, L.R., Shiels, A.B., Bussmann, R.W., Claessens, L., Fisch, S., Lozano, P., Negi, G., Paolini, L., Poveda, G., Ramos-Scharrón, C., Richter, M. & Velázquez, E. (2009). Landsliding and its multi-scale influence on mountainscapes. BioScience 59(8):685–698. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Diaz, D., Cardenas, R., Chait, G., Castro, M., Regalado, S., Del Toro C., R., Malca G., G., Perez A, F., Glenn, A. (in press). Antibacterial activity of medicinal plant species in Northern Peru. Arnaldoa 16(1). Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Castro, M., Cardenas, R., Chait, G., Regalado, S., Del Toro C., R., Malca G., G., Perez A, F. & Glenn, A. (in press). Phyto-Chemical Analysis of Peruvian Medicinal Plants. Arnaldoa 16(1). Kunwar, R.M. & Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Medicinal, Aromatic and Dye Plants of Baitadi and Darchula Districts, Nepal Himalaya: status, uses and management. In: Hartmann, M. & J. Weipert: Biodiversität & Naturausstattung im Himalaya, Bd. III, p. 475–489, Erfurt. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (in press). Peruvian medicinal plants for the treatment of liver and gallbladder ailments. Arnaldoa. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A. (in press). Cooling the heat - Traditional remedies for malaria and fever in Northern Peru. Ethnobotany Research and Application. Joshi, M., Kumar, M. & Bussmann, R.W. (in press). Ethnomedicinal uses of plant resources of the Haigad watershed in Kumaun Himalaya. Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science and Biotechnology. Kunwar, R.M., Burlakoti, C., Chowdhary, C.L. & Bussmann, R.W. (in press). Medicinal Plants in Farwest Nepal: Their Indigenous Uses and Pharmacological Validity. Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science and Biotechnology. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. & Cleef, A. (in press). Phytogeography of the Vascular Páramo Flora of Podocarpus National Park, South Ecuador. Arnaldoa 16(2):69–85. Bussmann, R.W. & Glenn, A., Meyer, K., Ro throck, A., Townesmith, A. (2010). Herbal mixtures in traditional medicine in Northern Peru. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6(10). Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2010). Nombrando un fantasma: La búsqueda de la identidad de Ulluchu, una planta ceremonial no identificada de la cultura Moche en el norte de Perú. In: Galvez, C (ed): Medicina Tradicional Conocimiento Milenario. Serie Antropología No 1-2009. Museo de Arquelogía, Antropología e Historia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. pp. 171–182. Sharon, D., Glass-Coffin, B. & Bussmann, R.W. (2010). La mesa de Julia Calderón de Ávila. In: Galvez, C (ed): Medicina Tradicional Conocimiento Milenario. Serie Antropología No 1-2009. Museo de Arquelogía, Antropología e Historia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. pp. 245–254. Bussmann, R.W. & Sharon, D. (2010). From collection to market and cure – an interdisciplinary study of traditional plant use in Northern Peru. In: Albuquerque, U.P. and Hanazaki,N. (eds): Recent Developments and Case Studies in Ethnobotany. Recife, Brazil: Brazilian Society of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology (SBEE)/ Publication Group of Ecology and Applied Ethnobotany (NUPEEA). pp. 184–207. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Diaz, D., Cardenas, R., Chait, G., Castro, M., Regalado, S., Del Toro C., R., Malca G., G., Perez A, F., Glenn, A. (2009). Antibacterial activity of medicinal plant species in Northern Peru. Arnaldoa 16(1):93–103. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Castro, M., Cardenas, R., Chait, G., Regalado, S., Del Toro C., R., Malca G., G., Perez A, F. & Glenn, A. (2009). Phyto-Chemical Analysis of Peruvian Medicinal Plants. Arnaldoa 16(1):105–110. Restrepo, C., Walker, L.R., Shiels, A.B., Bussmann, R.W., Claessens, L., Fisch, S., Lozano, P., Negi, G., Paolini, L., Poveda, G., Ramos-Scharrón, C., Richter, M. & Velázquez, E. (2009). Landsliding and its multi-scale influence on mountainscapes. BioScience 59(8):685–698. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. & Garcia, M. (2009). From Chamomile to Aspirin? Medicinal Plant use among clients at Laboratorios Beal in Trujillo, Peru. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 7:399–407. Kunwar, R.M. & Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Medicinal, Aromatic and Dye Plants of Baitadi and Darchula Districts, Nepal Himalaya: Status, Uses and Management. In: Hartmann, M. & J. Weipert: Biodiversität & Naturausstattung im Himalaya, Bd. III. Erfurt. p. 475–489. Sheikh, M.A., Kumar, M. & Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Altitudinal variation in soil organic carbon stock in Pinus roxburghii and Quercus leucotrichophora forests in Garhwal Himalayas. Carbon Balance and Management 4:6. Bussmann, R.W. & Sharon, D. (2009). Markets, Healers, Vendors, Collectors, - the sustainability of medicinal plant use in Northern Peru. Mountain Research and Development 29(2):128–134. Njoroge, G.N. & Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Ethnotherapeutic management of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and reproductive health conditions in Central Province, Kenya. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 8(2):262–269. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2009). Naming a phantom - the quest to find the identity of Ulluchu, an unidentified ceremonial plant of the Moche culture in Northern Peru. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5(8). Bussmann, R.W., Téllez, C. & Glenn, A. (2009). Plukenetia huayllabambana (Euphorbiaceae) - a new useful species from the Upper Amazon of Peru. Nordic Journal of Botany 27:313–315. Bussmann, R.W. & Sharon, D. (2009). Shadows of the colonial past - diverging plant use in Northern Peru and Southern Ecuador. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5(4). Kunwar, R.M., Upreti, Y., Burlakoti, C., Chowdhary, C.L. & Bussmann, R.W. (2009) Indigenous use and ethnopharmacology of medicinal plants in Far-west Nepal. Ethnobotany Research and Application 7:5–28. Kuwar, R.M., Chowdhary, C.L. & Bussmann R.W. (2008). Diversity, utilization and management of medicinal plants in Baitadi and Darchula districts, farwest Nepal. The Initiation 2(1):157–164. Bussmann, R.W., Barocio, Y., Díaz P., D. & Sharon, D. (2008). Peruvian Plants Canchalagua (Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze), Hercampuri (Gentianella alborosea (Gilg.) Fabris), and Corpus Way (Gentianella bicolor (Wedd.) J. Pringle) prove to be effective in the treatment of acne. Arnaldoa 15(1):149–152. Kunwar, R.M. & Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Ethnobotany in the Nepal Himalaya: a review. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4:24. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D.& Ly, J. (2008). From garden to market? The cultivation of native and introduced medicinal plant species in Cajamarca, Peru and implications habitat conservation. Ethnobotany Research and Application 6:351–361. Kiefer, S. & Bussmann, R.W. (2008). The potential energy demand and challenges for forest management in the Kakamega area, W-Kenya. Ethnobotany Research and Application 6:353–371. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Fredy, P., Díaz, D., Ford, T., Rasheed, T. & Silva, R. (2008). Antibacterial activity of Northern-Peruvian Medicinal Plants - a low cost laboratory approach to assess biological activity. Arnaldoa 15(1):127–148. Bussmann, R.W. (2008) William L. Brown Center for Plant Genetic Resources. Mountain Forum Bulletin July 2008:52–53. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. & Lozano, D. (2008). La flora pionera de derrumbos naturals en ecosistemas montanos al occidente del Parque Nacional Podocarpus (Ecuador). Caldasia 30(1):1–19. Revene, Z., Bussmann R.W. & Sharon, D. (2008). From Sierra to Coast: Tracing the Supply of Medicinal Plants in Northern Peru—a plant collector's tale. Ethnobotany Research and Application 6:15–22 . Richter, M., Diertl, K.-H., Peters, T. & Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Timberline features and structures within the subpáramo vegetation belt of Southern Ecuador. Ecological Studies 198:123–136. Bussmann, R.W., Wilcke, W. & Richter, M. (2008). The importance of landslides for the dynamics of the vegetation and the maintenance of the high biodiversity in Southern Ecuador. Ecological Studies 198:319–330.