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Rainer Willi BussmannRainer Willi Bussmann
Director and William L. Brown Curator for Economic Botany
William L. Brown Center

Honorary Adjunct Professor, Washington Univ. St. Louis
Honorary Adjunct Professor, Univ. of Missouri, St. Louis

office phone: + 1 (314) 577-9503; cell: + 1 (314) 623-5486
fax: + 1 (314) 577-0800
email: rainer.bussmann@mobot.org

Missouri Botanical Garden
P.O. Box 299
St. Louis, MO 63166-0299

Education
Ph.D. (Botany), Univ. of Bayreuth, Germany, Magna Cum Laude, 1994
M.S. (Biology), Univ. of Tübingen, Germany, 1993
Study abroad, Temple University, Philadelphia, USA, 1991-1992
Study abroad, University of Nairobi, Kenya, 1990

Scholarhips and Awards
James A. Duke Excellence in Botanical Literature Award 2013 for "Medicinal Plants and the Legacy of Richard E. Schultes"
Habilitation Stipend, German Science Foundation (DFG), 1999-2002
Post-Doc Stipend, Research Program "Mechanisms for the maintenance of tropical diversity," German Science Foundation (DFG) 1994-1995
Ph.D. Scholarship, Research Program "Mechanisms for the maintenance of tropical diversity," German Science Foundation (DFG) 1993-1994
M.S. Scholarship, Research Program “Mechanisms for the maintenance of tropical diversity," German Science Foundation (DFG) 1992-1993
Ethnobotany / Economic Botany Plant Ecology and Regeneration Ecology Systematics (Plukenetieae, Merianeae) Seed and Germination Ecology Natural Resource Management International Law in Relation to Intellectual Property Rights, Ecology, and Environment
Current Projects
Medicinal plants and climate change: Biodiversity, systematics, ecology and use-potential of high altitude species in the Andes, Himalaya, and Caucasus ranges Vegetation, regeneration and succession processes, use-potential and conservation of tropical mountain forests in Peru and Bolivia Montane forest ecosystems in Southern Ethiopia - Biodiversity in the interface of human use, wildlife conservation, and climate change
For Dr. Bussmann's complete CV with list of publications, click here (Adobe Acrobat Reader required).
Papers and Book Chapters
Thakur, K.S., Kumar, M., Bawa, R., Bussmann, R.W. (in press). Ethnobotanical study of herbaceous flora along an altitudinal gradient in Bharmour Forest Division, District Chamba of Himachal Pradesh, India. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Rabearivony, A.D.N., Razafiarison, Z.L., Raharimalala, F., Rakotoarivony, F., Randrianarivony, T., Rakotoarivelo, N., Randrianasolo, A., Kuhlman, A., Bussmann, R.W. (in press). Endemic medicinal plants known by men at Ambalabe, Madagascar. Ethnobotany Research and Applications. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N., Applequist, W., Razafitsalama, J.L., Kuhlman, A., Andriamaharoa, H., Rakotoarivony, F., Razanatsima, A., Rakotoarivelo, N., Randrianasolo, A. (in press). Palms and palm use in Ambalabe, a community in Eastern Madagascar. Ethnobotany Research and Applications. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua-Zambrana, N.Y., Applequist, W. (in press). Traditional Medicine in a Global Environment. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N., Vega, C. (in press). Axinaea carolinae-tellezae (Melastomataceae) – another new species form Northern Peru. Arnaldoa 20(1). Sharon, D., Bussmann, R.W. (in press). Medicina tradicional y medicina moderna en México y el Perú: valorización y explotación. In: Millones, L., Limón, S. (Eds.). Por la mano del hombre Prácticas y creencias sobre chamanismo y curandería en México y Perú. Lima: Fondo editorial de la Asamblea Nacional de Rectores. Bussmann, R.W. (2013). The globalization of traditional medicine in northern Peru – from shamanism to molecules. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Article ID 291903, 46 pages, doi:10.1155/2013/291903. Greaves, T. 1995.Lima: ANR, 425-458. Bussmann R.W., Hennig L. Giannis A., Kutchan, T. (2013). Anthraquinones in Noni preparations. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Article ID 208378, 5 pages, doi:10.1155/2013/208378. Luizza, M.W., Young, H., Kuroiwa, C., Evangelista, P., Worede, A., Bussmann, R.W., Weimer, A. (2013). Local knowledge of plants and their uses among women in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia. Ethnobotany Research and Application 11, 315-339. Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Blakea nareliana (Melastomataceae) – a new species from the upper Huallaga in Northern Peru. Revista Peruana de Biologia, 20(2), 121-124. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N., Tellez, C. (2013). Plukenetia carolis-vegae (Euphorbiaceae) – a new useful species from Northern Peru. Economic Botany, 67(4), 387-392. Razafindraibe, H. M., Razafiarison, Z.L., Raharimalala, F., Rakotoarivony, F., Randrianarivony, T., Rakotoarivelo, N., Randrianasolo, A., Kuhlman, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Medicinal plants used by women from Agnalazaha littoral forest (Southeastern Madagascar). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9:73. Sheikh, M.A, Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Altitudinal Variation in Soil Organic Carbon Stock in Coniferous Subtropical and Broadleaf Temperate Forests in Garhwal Himalaya. In: Rooney, D. Sustainable Soil Management. Apple Academic Press / CRC Press, Waretown. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N., Rivas Chamorro, M., Molina Moreira, N., Cuadros Negri, M.L., Olivera, J. (2013). Peril in the market – classification and dosage of species used as anti-diabetics in Lima, Peru. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:37. Monigatti, M., Bussmann, R.W., Weckerle, C.S. (2013). Medicinal plant use in two Andean communities located at different altitudes in the Bolivar Province, Peru. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 145(2), 450-464. Kunwar, R.M., Mahat, L., Acharya, R.P. Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Medicinal plants, traditional medicine, markets and management in far-west Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:24. Bhat, J.A., Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Ecological status and traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary of Garhwal Himalaya, India. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9(1). Kumar, M., Sheikh, M.A., Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Effect of fire on soil nutrient in Chir pine forest in Garhwal Himalaya, India. Journal of Acta Ecologica Sinica 33 (1), 59-63. Bussmann, R.W. (2013). East African plant use – differences in plant use between nomadic and agricultural societies. In: Beau, N., Dessein, S., Robbrecht, E. (eds.): African Plant Diversity – Systematics and Sustainable Development. Scripta Botanica Belgica 50, 399-407. Azahuanche, F.P., Rodríguez Ávalos, F., León Aponte, G., Sharon, D., Bussmann, R.W., Willsky, G.R., Guerrero, G., Willner, K., Castro Dionicio, I. (2012). Estudio fitoquímico y antibacteriano de mezclas de plantas medicinales. En búsqueda de nuevos componentes. - Phytochemical and antibacterial study of medicinal plant mixtures. In search of new components. Pueblo Continente 23(32), 339-343. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N.Y. (2012). Axinaea ninakurorum Bussmann, Paniagua – a new species from the Northern Peruvian Merianeae hotspot. Arnaldoa 19(1), 23-27. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N.Y. (2012). "Facing global markets - Usage changes in Amazonian Palms: the example of Euterpe precatoria and E. oleracea". Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae. 81 (4), 257-261. Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, In: Raj, A.J., Lal, S.B. (eds.): Forestry: Principles and Applications. Scientific Publishers: Jodhpur, India. Kunwar, R.M., Mahat, L., Sharma, L.N., Shrestha, K.P., Kominee, H., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Underutilized Plant Species in Far-West Nepal – A Valuable Resource Being Wasted. Journal of Mountain Science 9:589-600. Kumar, P., Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Isolation and spectral characterization of a new biaurone from Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merr. (Fabaceae) pods. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6(40): 5385-5387. Quiroga, R., Meneses, L., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Medicinal ethnobotany in Huacareta (Chiquisaca, Bolivia). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 8:29. Bussmann, R.W. A Tribute to Richard E. Schultes. (2012). In: Ponman, B., Bussmann R.W. (eds.): Medicinal plants and the legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Proceedings of the Botany 2011 Richard E Schultes Symposium. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis, vii-xi. Bussmann, R.W. I Know Every Tree in the Forest: Reflections on the Life and Legacy of Richard Evans Schultes (2012). In: Ponman, B., Bussmann R.W. (eds.): Medicinal plants and the legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Proceedings of the Botany 2011 Richard E Schultes Symposium. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis, 13-22. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N. (2012). Traditional knowledge in a changing world - new insights from the Chacobo in Bolivia. In: Ponman, B., Bussmann R.W. (eds.): Medicinal plants and the legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Proceedings of the Botany 2011 Richard E Schultes Symposium. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis, 23-34. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2011). Mending the heart. Plants used in Peruvian ethnomedicine for heart disease, blood pressure irregularities and cholesterol control. Arnaldoa 18(2), 167-178. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2011). Traditional medicinal plants used in Northern Peru for kidney problems and urinary infections. Arnaldoa 18(1), 77-94. Sheikh, M.A., Kumar, M., Todaria N.P., Bussmann, R.W. (2011). Forest carbon stocks and fluxes in physiographic zones of India. Carbon Balance and Management 6(15). Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2011). Traditional knowledge for modern ailments – plants used for the treatment of diabetes and cancer in Northern Peru. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 5(31), 6916-6930. Vandebroek, I., Reyes-Garcia, V., de Albuquerque, U.P., Bussmann, R.W., Pieroni, A. (2011). Local knowledge: who cares? Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 7:35. Kumar, M., Sheikh, M.A., Bussmann, R.W. (2011). Ethnomedicinal and ecological status of plants in Garhwal Himalaya, India. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 7:32. Bussmann, R.W., Swartzinsky, P., Worede, A., Evangelista, P. (2011). Plant use in Odo-Bulu and Demaro, Bale region, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 7:28. Bussmann, R.W. (2011). “I know every tree, every single tree one can see…” – The life and legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Plant Science Bulletin 57(2) 66-69. Bussmann, R.W., Malca, G., Glenn, A., Sharon, D., Nilsen, B., Parris, B., Dubose, D., Ruiz, D., Saleda, J., Martinez, M., Carillo, L., Walker, K., Kuhlman, A., Townesmith, A. (2011). Toxicity of medicinal plants used in Northern Peru. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137: 121-140. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2011). Fighting infections – medicinal plants used in Northern Peru for the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections and inflammation symptoms. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 5(8):1297-1304. Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W., Mukesh, J., Kumar, P. (2011). Ethnomedicinal uses of plants close to rural habitation in Garhwal Himalayan, India. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 5(11) 2252-2260. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2011). Fighting pain. Traditional Peruvian remedies for the treatment of Asthma, Rheumatism, Arthritis and sore bones. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge: 10(3) 397-412. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A., Sharon, D., Chait, G., Díaz, D., Pourmand, K., Jonat, B., Somogy, S., Guardado, G., Aguirre, C., Meyer, K., Rothrock, A., Townesmith, A. (2011). Antibacterial activity of Northern Peruvian medicinal plants. Ethnobotany Research and Application 9: 67-96. Laurance, W.F., Useche, C.D., Shoo, L.P., Herzog, S.K., Kessler, M., Escobar, F., Brehm, G., Axmacher, J.C., Chen, I.C., Arellano Gámez, L., Hietz, P., Fiedler, K., Pyrcz, T., Wolf, J., Merkord, C.L., Cardelus, C., Marshall, A., Ah-Peng, C., Aplet, G.H., Coro Arizmendi, M. del, Baker, W.J., Barone, J., Brühl, C.A., Bussmann, R.W., Cicuzza, D., Eilu, G., Favila, M.E., Hietz, P., Hemp, A., Hemp, C., Homeier, J., Huey, R.B., Hurtado, J., Jankowski, J., Kattán, G., Kluge, J., Krömer, T., Lees, D., Lehnert, M., Longino, J.T., Lovett, J., Martin, P.H., Patterson, B., Pearson, R., Peh, K.S.-H., Richardson, B., Richardson, M., Samways, M., Feyera Senbeta, F., Smith, T.B., Tim Utteridge, T., Watkins, J.E., Wilson, R., Williams, S.E., Thomas, C.D. (2011). Global warming and the vulnerability of tropical biota: Where do the thermal specialists live? Biological Conservation 144: 548–557. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2010). Plants used for the treatment of gastro-intestinal ailments in Northern Peruvian ethnomedicine. Arnaldoa 17(2), 255-270. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2010). Peruvian medicinal plants for the treatment of liver and gallbladder ailments. Arnaldoa 17(2), 243-254. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2010). Traditional Peruvian medicine for the treatment of respiratory disorders. Revista Peruana de Biologia 17(2): 331-346. Kunwar, R.M., Shrestha, K.P., Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Traditional herbal medicine in Far-west Nepal: a pharmacological appraisal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6:35. Joshi, M., Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Ethnomedicinal uses of plant resources of the Haigad watershed in Kumaun Himalaya. Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science and Biotechnology 4 (special issue 1): 43-46. Kunwar, R.M., Burlakoti, C., Chowdhary, C.L., Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Medicinal Plants in Farwest Nepal: Their Indigenous Uses and Pharmacological Validity. Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science and Biotechnology 4 (special issue 1): 28-42. Hennig L., Malca-García G., Giannis A., Bussmann R.W. (2010). New constituents of Baccharis genistelliodes (Lam.) Pers. Archive for Organic Chemistry (vi): 74-82. Kunwar, R.M., Katuwal, Y., Shrestha, R.D., Karki, J., Shrestha, K., Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Climate Change, Medicinal Plants and Ethnobotany: Observations and Review. Proceedings of the first national youth conference on environment, Kathmandu, Nepal, 180-189. Bussmann, R.W., Malca, G., Glenn, A., Sharon, D., Chait, G., Díaz, D., Pourmand, K., Jonat, B., Somogy, S., Guardado, G., Aguirre, C. , Meyer, K., Rothrock, A., Townesmith, A., Effio-Carbajal, J., Frías-Fernandez, F., Benito, M. (2010). Minimum inhibitory concentration of medicinal plants used in Northern Peru as antibacterial remedies. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 132: 101-108. Njoroge, G.N., Gemmill, B., Bussmann, R.W., Newton, L.E., Ngumi, V.M. (2010). Diversity and efficiency of wild pollinators of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.) at Yatta (Kenya. Journal of Applied Horticulture 12(1): 35-41. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2010). Medicinal plants used in Northern Peru for reproductive problems and female health. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6(30). Lozano, P., Kueppers, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Plant Diversity on Parámo and Andean Elfin Forest in Podocarpus National Park Loja, Ecuador. Arnaldoa 17(2): 193-202. Bussmann, R.W., Gruhn, J., Glenn, A. (2010). Axinaea fernando-cabiesii and A. reginae spp. nov. (Melastomataceae) from upper Amazonia of Peru, with notes on the conservation status of A. flava. Nordic Journal of Botany 28: 518-522. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Glenn, A. (2010). Healing the body, healing the soul. Traditional remedies for “magical” ailments, nervous system and psychosomatic disorders in Northern Peru. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4(9):580-629. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A., Sharon, D. (2010). Antibacterial activity of medicinal plants of Northern Peru – can traditional applications provide leads for modern science? Indian Journal of Traditional Medicine 9(4): 742-753. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A. (2010). Cooling the heat - Traditional remedies for malaria and fever in Northern Peru. Ethnobotany Research and Application 8, 125-134. Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A., Meyer, K., Rothrock, A., Townesmith, A. (2010). Herbal mixtures in traditional medicine in Northern Peru. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6(10). Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2010). Nombrando un fantasma: La búsqueda de la identidad de Ulluchu, una planta ceremonial no identificada de la cultura Moche en el norte de Perú. In: Galvez, C (ed): Medicina Tradicional Conocimiento Milenario. Serie Antropología No 1-2009, 171-182. Museo de Arquelogía, Antropología e Historia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Sharon, D., Glass-Coffin, B., Bussmann, R.W. (2010). La mesa de Julia Calderón de Ávila. In: Galvez, C (ed): Medicina Tradicional Conocimiento Milenario. Serie Antropología No 1-2009, 245-254. Museo de Arquelogía, Antropología e Historia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2010). From collection to market and cure – an interdisciplinary study of traditional plant use in Northern Peru. Albuquerque, U.P. and Hanazaki,N. (Eds). Recent Developments and Case Studies in Ethnobotany. Recife, Brazil: Brazilian Society of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology (SBEE)/ Publication Group of Ecology and Applied Ethnobotany (NUPEEA). 288p; pp. 184-207. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Cleef, A. (2009). Phytogeography of the Vascular Páramo Flora of Podocarpus National Park, South Ecuador. Arnaldoa 16(2), 69 - 85. Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Moore, Bergwälder und Schamanen – eine Botanikerkarriere vom Allgäeu über Afrika und Hawaii nach Missouri. In Vdbiol: Perspektiven – Berufsbilder von und für Biologen, Biowissenschaftler und andere Naturwissenschaftler, 28-29. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Diaz, D., Cardenas, R., Chait, G., Castro, M., Regalado, S., Del Toro C., R., Malca G., G., Perez A, F., Glenn, A. (2009). Antibacterial activity of medicinal plant species in Northern Peru. Arnaldoa 16(1), 93-103. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Castro, M., Cardenas, R., Chait, G., Regalado, S., Del Toro C., R., Malca G., G., Perez A, F., Glenn, A. (2009). Phyto-Chemical Analysis of Peruvian Medicinal Plants. Arnaldoa 16(1), 105-110. Restrepo, C., Walker, L.R., Shiels, A.B., Bussmann, R.W., Claessens, L., Fisch, S., Lozano, P., Negi, G., Paolini, L., Poveda, G., Ramos-Scharrón, C., Richter, M., Velázquez, E. (2009). Landsliding and its multi-scale influence on mountainscapes. BioScience 59(8), 685-698. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Garcia, M. (2009). From Chamomile to Aspirin? Medicinal Plant use among clients at Laboratorios Beal in Trujillo, Peru. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 7: 399-407. Kunwar, R.M., Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Medicinal, Aromatic and Dye Plants of Baitadi and Darchula Districts, Nepal Himalaya: status, uses and management. In: Hartmann, M., J. Weipert: Biodiversität, Naturausstattung im Himalaya, Bd. III, p. 475-489, Erfurt. Sheikh, M.A., Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Altitudinal variation in soil organic carbon stock in Pinus roxburghii and Quercus leucotrichophora forests in Garhwal Himalayas. Carbon Balance and Management 4:6. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2009). Markets, Healers, Vendors, Collectors, – the sustainability of medicinal plant use in Northern Peru. Mountain Research and Development 29(2): 128-134. Njoroge, G.N., Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Ethnotherapeutic management of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and reproductive health conditions in Central Province, Kenya. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 8(2), 262-269. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2009). Naming a phantom – the quest to find the identity of Ulluchu, an unidentified ceremonial plant of the Moche culture in Northern Peru. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5(8). Bussmann, R.W., Téllez, C., Glenn, A. (2009). Plukenetia huayllabambana (Euphorbiaceae) – a new useful species from the Upper Amazon of Peru Nordic Journal of Botany 27: 313-315. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2009). Shadows of the colonial past – diverging plant use in Northern Peru and Southern Ecuador. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5(4). Kunwar, R.M., Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Medicinal Plants and Quantitative Ethnomedicine: A case study from Batadi and Darchula districts, Far-West Nepal. Journal of the Natural History Museum 24 (1), 72-81. Kunwar, R.M., Upreti, Y., Burlakoti, C., Chowdhary, C.L., Bussmann, R.W. (2009) Indigenous use and ethnopharmacology of medicinal plants in Far-west Nepal. Ethnobotany Research and Application 7, 5-28. Kunwar, R.M., Chowdhary, C.L., Bussmann R.W. (2008). Diversity, utilization and management of medicinal plants in Baitadi and Darchula districts, farwest Nepal. The Initiation 2(1): 157-164. Bussmann, R.W., Barocio, Y., Díaz P., D., Sharon, D. (2008). Peruvian Plants Canchalagua (Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze), Hercampuri (Gentianella alborosea (Gilg.) Fabris), and Corpus Way (Gentianella bicolor (Wedd.) J. Pringle) prove to be effective in the treatment of acne. Arnaldoa 15(1): 149-152. Kunwar, R.M., Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Ethnobotany in the Nepal Himalaya: a review. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4:24. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Ly, J. (2008). From garden to market? The cultivation of native and introduced medicinal plant species in Cajamarca, Peru and implications habitat conservation. Ethnobotany Research and Application 6: 351-361. Kiefer, S., Bussmann, R.W. (2008). The potential energy demand and challenges for forest management in the Kakamega area, W-Kenya. Ethnobotany Research and Application 6: 353-371. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Perez, F., Díaz, D., Ford, T., Rasheed, T., Silva, R. (2008). Antibacterial activity of Northern-Peruvian Medicinal Plants - a low cost laboratory approach to assess biological activity. Arnaldoa 15(1): 127-148. Bussmann, R.W. (2008) William L. Brown Center for Plant Genetic Resources. Mountain Forum Bulletin July 2008, 52-53. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M., Lozano, D. (2008). La flora pionera de derrumbes naturales en ecosistemas montanos al occidente del Parque Nacional Podocarpus (Ecuador). Caldasia 30(1): 1-19. Revene, Z., Bussmann R.W., Sharon, D. (2008). From Sierra to Coast: Tracing the Supply of Medicinal Plants in Northern Peru – a plant collector’s tale. Ethnobotany Research and Application 6: 15-22. Richter, M., Diertl, K.-H., Peters, T., Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Timberline features and structures within the subpáramo vegetation belt of Southern Ecuador. Ecological Studies 198, 123-136. Bussmann, R.W., Wilcke, W., Richter, M. (2008). The importance of landslides for the dynamics of the vegetation and the maintenance of the high biodiversity in Southern Ecuador. Ecological Studies 198, 319-330. Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Moore, Bergwälder und Schamanen – eine Botanikerkarriere vom Allgäeu über Afrika und Hawaii nach Missouri. In Vdbiol: Perspektiven – Berufsbilder von und für Biologen, Biowissenschaftler und weitere Naturwissenschaftler, 28-29. Rodriguez R., E.F., Bussmann, R.W., Arroyo A., S.J., López M., S.E., Briceño R., J. (2007). Capparis scabrida (Capparaceae) una especie del Norte del Perú y Sur del Ecuador que necesita conservación urgente. Arnaldoa 14(2): 269-282. Lozano, P.; Bussmann R.W., Kueppers, M. (2007). Regeneración Pionera en Deslizamientos de Tierra producidos por Perturbaciones Antropogenicas Junto a carreteras, en la Zona de Amortiguamiento del Parque Nacional Podocarpus, Ecuador. Cinchona 8 (1) 126-135. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Vandebroek, I., Jones, A., Revene, Z. (2007). Health for sale: The medicinal plant markets in Trujillo and Chiclayo, Northern Peru. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 3:37. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2007). Regeneración pionera en derrumbes producidos por perturbaciones antropogénicas junto a carreteras, en la zona de amortiguamiento del Parque Nacional Podocarpus, Ecuador. - Anthropogenic disturbances producing “landslides”; pioneer plant regeneration analysis in roads at the buffer zone of Podocarpus National Park, Ecuador. Mutisia. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2007). Diversidad Florística del Bosque Montano y su Influencia en la Flora Pionera en Deslizamientos Naturales en el Occidente del Parque Nacional Podocarpus al Sur del Ecuador. Revista Científica UDO Agrícola 7(1), 142-159. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2007). A Checklist of pioneer plant regeneration on natural and anthropogenic landslides on the eastern side of Podocarpus National Park-Southern Ecuador. Redesma 1(2). Verma, A., Kumar, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2007). Medicinal plants in an urban environment: The medicinal flora of Banares Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 3:35. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2007). Influencia de los bosques montanos como regeneradores de áreas antropicas perturbadas - The role of montane forests as source for the regeneration of anthropogenically disturbed areas. Arnaldoa 14(1). Njoroge, G.N., Bussmann, R.W. (2007). Ethnotherapeutic management of skin diseases among the Kikuyus of Central Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 111: 303-307. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Lopez, A. (2007). Blending Traditional and Western Medicine: Medicinal plant use amongst patients at Clinica Anticona in El Porvenir, Peru. Ethnobotany Research and Application 5: 185-199. Njoroge, G.N., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Traditional management of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) diseases in Central Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:54. Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Manteniendo el balance de naturaleza y hombre: La diversidad florística andina y su importancia por la diversidad cultural – ejemplos del Norte de Perú y Sur de Ecuador. Arnaldoa 13(2): 382-397. Sharon, D., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Avances de la etnobotánica en Trujillo, Peru: El programa MHIRT. Arnaldoa 13(2): 398-406. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2006). Traditional plant use in Northern Peru: Tracking two thousand years of health culture. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:47. Skoczen, S., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Olorien - A package for Journal creation and management. Lyonia 11(2): 61-70. Skoczen, S., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). ebDB - an International Ethnobotany Database. Lyonia 11(2): 71-81. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2006). Traditional plant use in Southern Ecuador. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:44. Njoroge, G.N., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Ethnoveterinary practices in Central Kenya: Plants and their uses in managing diseases of livestock. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 108: 332-339. Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Ethnobotany of the Samburu of Mt. Nyiru, South Turkana, Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:35. Kunwar, R.M., Nepal, B.K., Kshetri, H.B., Rai, S.K., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Ethnomedicine in Himalaya: a case study from Dolpa, Humla, Jumla and Mustang districts of Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:27. Bussmann, R.W., Gilbreath, G.G., Lutura, M., Lutuluo, R., Kunguru, K., Wood, N., Mathenge, S. (2006). Plant use of the Maasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:22. Njoroge, G.N., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Phytotherapeutic management of malaria in the central highlands of Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:8. Kunwar, R.M., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Ficus (Fig) species in Nepal: a review of diversity and indigenous uses. Lyonia 11(1), 85-97. Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Vegetation zonation and nomenclature of African Mountains - An overview. Lyonia 11(1), 41-66. Sharon, D., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). MIRT and the Ethnobotany in Trujillo, Peru. MIRT y la Etnobotanica en Trujillo. Lyonia 10(2): 91-104. Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Andean floristic diversity and its importance for cultural diversity - examples from Northern Peru and Southern Ecuador. La diversidad floristica andina y su importancia por la diversidad cultural – ejemplos del Norte de Peru y Sur de Ecuador. Lyonia 10(2): 19-36. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2006). Importancia e implicación de los derrumbes como perturbadores de ecosistemas al Sur de Ecuador. Lyonia 9(1): 75-81. Sharon, D., Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Plantas Medicinales en la Obra del Obispo Don Baltasar Jaime Martinez Compagnon (Siglo XVIII). In: Millones, L., Kato, T. (Eds.). Desde el exterior: El Peru y sus estudios. Tercer Congreso Internacional de Peruanistas, Nagoya, 2005. UNMSM, 147-165. Bussmann, R.W. (2005). Bosques Andinos del Sur de Ecuador - Clasificación, Regeneración y uso. Andean Forests of Southern Ecuador, classification, regeneration and use. Revista Peruana de Biología 12(2): 203-216. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. (2005). Importancia de los deslizamientos en el Parque Nacional Podocarpus, Loja-Ecuador. Importance of landslides in Podocarpus National Park, Loja, Ecuador. Revista Peruana de Biología 12(2): 195-202. Fonge B. A., Yinda G.S., Focho D.A., Fongod A.G.N., Bussmann R.W. (2005). Vegetation and soil status on an 80 year old lava flow of Mt. Cameroon, West Africa. Lyonia 8(1): 17-39. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2005). Landslides as ecosystem disturbance - their implications and importance in South Ecuador. Lyonia 8(1): 65-71. Cotton, C., Bussmann, R.W., Lozano, P. (2004). New Ecuadorian Species of Axinaea (Melastomataceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 23: 49-55. Ohl, C., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Recolonisation of natural landslides in tropical mountain forests of Southern Ecuador. Feddes Repertorium 115(3-4), 248-264. Njoroge, G.N., Gemmill, B., Bussmann, R., Newton, L.E., Ngumi, V.W. (2004). Pollination Ecology of Citrullus lanatus at Yatta, Kenya. Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci. 24(1): 73-77. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Regeneration and succession patterns in African, Andean and Pacific Tropical Mountain Forests: The role of natural and anthropogenic disturbance. Lyonia 6(1), 98-111. Kiefer, S., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). The meaning of regeneration strategies and anthropogenic influence for the forest expansion in East African montane forest ecosystems – a modeling approach. Lyonia 6(2) 161-169. Njoroge, G.N., Barbara, G., Bussmann, R.W., Newton, L.E., Ngumi V.W. (2004). Utilization of weed species as source of traditional medicines in Central Kenya: Optimizing resource efficiency (R.U.E.) in agro-ecosystems. Lyonia 7(2), 71-87. Uday, V., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Distribución Florística del bosque de neblina montano en la Reserva Tapichalaca, Cantón Palanda. – Floristic distribution in two plots in the cloud forest of Reserva Tapichalaca, Canton Palanda. Lyonia 7(1), 91-98. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Moore, Bergwälder und Schamanen – eine Botanikerkarriere vom Allgäu über Afrika nach Hawaii. In Vdbiol: Perspektiven – Berufsbilder von und für Biologen, 28-29. Onyango, J.C., Nyunja, R.A.O., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Conservation of biodiversity in the East African Tropical Forest. Lyonia 7(2), 151-157. Bussmann, R.W. (2004) Diversity and use potential of montane forest ecosystems in Kenya. Biodiversity in conversion: The influence of fragmentation and disturbance on the biodiversity of East African highland rain forests. BIOTA East Africa, Final Report Phase I (2001-2004), 151-162. Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Los bosques montanos de la Reserva Biológica San Francisco (Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador) – zonación de la vegetación y regeneración natural. Lyonia 3(1), 57-72. Gálvez M., J.R., Ordoñez G., O.R., Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Estructura del bosque montano perturbado y no-perturbado en el Sur de Ecuador. Lyonia 3(1), 83-98. Bussmann, R.W. (2003). The vegetation of Reserva Biológica San Francisco, Zamora-Chinchipe, Southern Ecuador – a phytosociological synthesis. Lyonia 3(2), 145-254. Leischner, B., Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Mercado y uso de madera en el Sur de Ecuador. Lyonia 5(1), 51-60. Bussmann, R.W. (2002). Islands in the desert – forest vegetation of Kenya‘s smaller mountains and highland areas (Nyiru, Ndoto, Kulal, Marsabit, Loroghi, Ndare, Mukogodo, Porror, Mathews, Gakoe, Imenti, Ngaia, Nyambeni, Loita, Nguruman, Nairobi). Journal of East African Natural History 91 (1/2), 27-79, appendices 1-7. Bussmann, R.W. (2002). Estudio fitosociológico de la vegetación en la Reserva Biológica San Francisco (ECSF), Zamora-Chinchipe. Herbario Loja 8, 1-106. Bussmann, R.W. (2002). Regeneration and succession processes in East African Mountain forests – A Review. Systematics and Geography of Plants 71(2), 959-974. Bussmann, R.W. (2002). Vegetation Ecology and Regeneration of Tropical Mountain Forests. In: Ambasht, R.S., Ambasht, N.K. Modern Trends in Applied Terrestrial Ecology, p. 195-223. Kluwer. Bussmann, R.W. (2002). Ethnobotany and Biodiversity Conservation. In: Ambasht, R.S., Ambasht, N.K. Modern Trends in Applied Terrestrial Ecology, p. 345-362. Kluwer. Bussmann, R.W. (2002 CD, 2003 hardcopy). Los bosques montanos de la Reserva Biológica San Francisco (Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador) – zonación de la vegetación y regeneración natural. In: Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.). Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Conservation of Biodiversity in the Andes and the Amazon,CD: p. 57-70, hardcopy: p. 53-67. Bussmann, R.W. (2002 CD, 2003 hardcopy). The vegetation of Reserva Biológica San Francisco, Zamora-Chinchipe, Southern Ecuador – a phytosociological synthesis. In: Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.). Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Conservation of Biodiversity in the Andes and the Amazon, CD: p. 71-176, hardcopy: p. 66-173. Gálvez M., J.R., Ordoñez G., O.R., Bussmann, R.W. (2002 CD, 2003 hardcopy). Estructura del bosque montano perturbado y no-perturbado en el Sur de Ecuador. In: Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.). Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Conservation of Biodiversity in the Andes and the Amazon,CD: p. 195-208, hardcopy: P. 191-204. Onyango, J.C., Bussmann, R.W., Onyango, M.O.A. (2002). The university botanic garden, Maseno: a teaching centre for biodiversity management and germplasm conservation. Proceedings of African Botanic Gardens Congress: “Partnerships and linkages” Durban Botanic Gardens, South Africa. 24th to 30th November 2002. Leischner, B., Bussmann, R.W. (2002 CD, 2003 hardcopy). Mercado y uso de madera en el Sur de Ecuador. In: Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.). Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Conservation of Biodiversity in the Andes and the Amazon,CD: p. 651-660, hardcopy: p. 615-623. Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Epiphyte diversity in a tropical Andean Forest - Reserva Biológica San Francisco, Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador. Ecotropica 7(1-2), 43-60. Bussmann, R.W. (2001). The montane forests of Reserva Biológica San Francisco (Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador) – vegetation zonation and natural regeneration Die ERDE 132, 11-24. Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Juniperus forests in Africa – Regeneration Ecology, Destruction and Possibilities for Management. Proceedings International Symposium: Problem of Juniper Forests: Looking for Solutions, Methods, Techniques, Osh, Kyrgysztan, 55-64, 65-69 (extended Russian summary). Bytebier, B., Bussmann, R.W. (2000) Vegetation of Mount Nyiru (Samburu District, Kenya): A checklist and syntaxonomical survey. Journal of East African Natural History 89(1-2) 45-71. Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S.H. (2000). Germination of important East African mountain forest trees. Journal of East African Natural History 89(1-2), 101-111. Bussmann, R.W. (2004) Diversity and use potential of montane forest ecosystems in Kenya. Biodiversity in conversion: The influence of fragmentation and disturbance on the biodiversity of East African highland rain forests. BIOTA East Africa, Final Report Phase I (2001-2004), 151-162. Bussmann, R.W., Kiefer, S., Njeri, R., Njoroge, G., Mathenge, S., Mutiso, P., Onyango, J. (2001). Montane forest ecosystems in Kenya – Diversity and potential for use. German Program on Biodiversity and Global Change, Report 2001, 170-171. Bussmann, R.W. (1999). Growth rates of important East African montane forest trees, with particular reference to those of Mount Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 88(1-2), 69-78. Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (1999). Succession and regeneration patterns of East African mountain forests. In: BITÖK (Ed.) Vegetationsökologische, ethnobotanische und -faunistische Beiträge über Äquatorial-Afrika. Bayreuther Forum Ökologie 64, 1-16. Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1999). Vegetation units of Mount Kenya Forest Reserve - Comment. In: BITÖK (Ed.) Vegetationsökologische, ethnobotanische und -faunistische Beiträge über Äquatorial-Afrika. Bayreuther Forum Ökologie 64, 17-28. Bussmann, R.W. (1999). The relation of soil- and vegetation types in the forest belt of Mount Kenya (Kenya). In: BITÖK (Ed.) Vegetationsökologische, ethnobotanische und -faunistische Beiträge über Äquatorial-Afrika. Bayreuther Forum Ökologie 64, 29-44. Bussmann, R.W. (1999). Notes on the vegetation of Menagesha forest (Shoa Province, Ethiopia). In: BITÖK (Ed.) Vegetationsökologische, ethnobotanische und -faunistische Beiträge über Äquatorial-Afrika. Bayreuther Forum Ökologie 64, 105-118. Bussmann, R.W. (1999). Ecología de la regeneración, procesos de succession estructura de la vegetación y potenciál para el uso sustentable de los bosques nublados de montaña en el sur de Ecuador. Informe de trabajo, INEFAN, Quito, 1-22. Bussmann, R.W.,, Beck, E. (1998). The plant communities of the forests of Mount Kenya – First Phytosocilogical and Ecological Data. In: Ojany, F.F. (Ed.): African Mountains and Highlands – Planning for Sustainable Use of Mountain Ressources, 96-107. Tokyo: United Nations University. Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (1998). Expedición Rapido Aseso Cordillera Sabanilla – Inventario floristico. Loja/Quito: ECSF/INEFAN. Bussmann, R.W. (1997). The forest vegetation of the Harenna escarpment (Bale Province, Ethiopia) syntaxonomy and phytogeographical affinities. Phytocoenologia 27 (1), 1-23. Lange, S.H., Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1997). Ecology and regeneration of the subalpine Hagenia abyssinica forests of Mt. Kenya. Botanica Acta 110(6), 473-480. Bejár, E., Bussmann, R.W., Roa, C., Sharon, D. (1997). Plantas medicinales de Vilcabamba. Universidad Andina Simon Bolivar, Sede Quito: Taller de medicinas tradicionales y sistemas no formales de salud 7/97, 1-12. Bejár, E., Bussmann, R.W., Roa, C., Sharon, D. (1997). Latin American Plant Lore of Vilcabamba. In: Wozniak, D.A., Yuen, S., Garrett, M., Shuman, T.M. (eds.): International Symposium on Herbal Medicine – A Holistic Approach, 334-351. San Diego. Bussmann, R.W. (1996). The forests of Mount Kenya (Kenya) - Destruction and management of a tropical mountain forest ecosystem. Ambio 25 (5), 314-317. Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1995). Regeneration and succession processes in the Ocotea-forests (Ocotea usambarensis) of Mount Kenya. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie 24, 35-39. Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1995). The forests of Mount Kenya - A phytosociological synopsis. Phytocoenologia 25(4), 467-560. Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1995). Regeneration- and succession processes in the Cedar-Forests (Juniperion procerae) of Mount Kenya. Ecotropica 1, 79-84. Rödel, M.-O., Bussmann, R. (1992). Further data on distribution and Habitat-selection of Geochelone pardalis babcocki (BELL 1826), Pelomoedusa subrufa subrufa (LACÉPEDE 1788), and Pelusios sinuatus (SMITH 1838) in Kenya. Sauria (E) 33-37. Rödel, M.-O., Bussmann, R. (1992). Weitere Daten zur Verbreitung und Habitatswahl von Geochelone pardalis babcocki (BELL 1826), Pelomedusa subrufa subrufa (LACÉPEDE 1788) und Pelusios sinuatus (SMITH 1838) in Kenia. Sauria 14 (2), 33-38. Bussmann, R. (1992). Die Laubener Brunnen. (The springs at Lauben). Leutkircher Blickpunkte - Landschaft und Natur, 152-157. Rödel, M.-O., Bussmann, R. (1990). Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Julischen Alpen (Amphibians and Reptiles of the Julian Alps). Sauria 12 (4), 15-21. Rödel, M.-O., Bussmann, R., Kaupp, A. (1989). Beitrag zur Biotopwahl von Ophiomorus punctatissimus (BIBRON, BORY 1833) (Habitat selection of Ophiomorus punctatissimus (BIBRON, BORY 1833)). Sauria 11 (1), 27-30. Bussmann, R. (1988). Die Orchideen des Meßtischblattes 8225 Kisslegg (The Orchid Flora of topographic map 8225 – Kisslegg). Mitteilungen des Arbeitskreises Heimische Orchideen Baden-Württemberg 20 (3), 519-609. Bussmann, R. (1987). Feldgehölze im Bereich Leutkirch - Land. (Hedges in the surroundings of Leutkirch). Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Arbeitskreises der Vhs Leutkirch 3, 1-100. Bussmann, R., Rieks, R. (1985). Orchideenkartierung auf den Meßtischblättern 8126 (Leutkirch-Ost) und 8225 (Kisslegg) (Orchid mapping on the topographic maps 8126 (Leutkirch-Ost) und 8225 (Kisslegg)). Mitteilungen des Arbeitskreises Heimische Orchideen Baden-Württemberg 17 (2), 186-303. Bussmann, R., Rieks, R. (1985). Orchideenkartierung auf den Meßtischblättern 8225 Kisslegg und 8126 Leutkirch-Ost. (Orchid mapping on the topographical maps 8225 Kisslegg und 8126 Leutkirch-Ost.) Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Arbeitskreises der Vhs Leutkirch 2, 1-100. Bussmann, R. (1984). Pflegemaßnahmen im Taufach-Fetzach Moos, Herbst 1984. (Restoration measures in the Taufach-Fetzach bog complex, fall 1984). Unsere Natur 3, 65-68. Bussmann, R. (1984). Das Argenseeried bei Gebrazhofen und seine Umgebung. (The Argensee bog near Gebrazhofen and ist surroundings). Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Arbeitskreises der Vhs Leutkirch 1, 11-51. Bussmann, R. (1984). Methodik der Orchideenkartierung des Naturwissenschaftlichen Arbeitskreises. (Orchid mapping manual for the Natural Science Circle Leutkirch). Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Arbeitskreises der Vhs Leutkirch 1, 52-55. Bussmann, R. (1984). Bisherige Orchideenkartierung auf dem Meßtischblatt 8225 Kisslegg. (Current state of the orchid mapping on topographic map sheet 8225 Kisslegg). Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Arbeitskreises der Vhs Leutkirch 1, 56-65. Bussmann, R. (1983). Der Naturwissenschaftliche Arbeitskreis an der Volkshochschule Leutkirch. (The Natural Science Circle Leutkirch). Unsere Natur 2, 3. Bussmann, R. (1983). Eine Woche am Naturkundlichen Museum in Ludwigsburg. (One week at the Museum of Natural History, Ludwigsburg). Unsere Natur 2, 4-5. Bussmann, R. (1983). Das Gebiet um dem Praßberger Bauhof. (The area of the Prassberger Bauhof). Unsere Natur 2, 6-12. Bussmann, R. (1982). Pflanzenkartierungen um Gebrazhofen. (Plant mapping around Gebrazhofen). Unsere Natur 1, 3-16.
Books, Books Edited, and Conference Proceedings Edited
Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (in preparation). Ethnobotany of Northern Peru. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (in preparation). Etnobotanica del Nor Peruano. Vega, C., Tellez, C., Paniagua Zambrana, N., Bussmann, R.W. (in press). Yo conozco y cuido las palmeras. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis. Rakotoarivelo, N.H., Razanatsima, A.A., Rakotoarivony, F., Kuhlman, A., Andriambololonera, S., Randrianasolo, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2013). Guide de plantes d’Ambalabe – Vol. 1. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis. (ISBN-13: 978-0-9848415-7-8). Monigatti, M., Vega, C., Tellez, C., Bussmann, R.W. Uso de plantas medicinales en los andes norte del Perú. (2013). William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis. (ISBN-13: 978-0-9848415-8-5). Ponman, B., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Medicinal plants and the legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Proceedings of the Botany 2011 Richard E Schultes Symposium. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis (ISBN-13: 978-0-9848415-2-3). Paniagua Zambrana, N.Y., Bussmann, R.W., Vega, C., Téllez, C., Macía, M.J. (2012). Nuestro conocimiento y uso de las palmeras - una herencia para nuestros hijos. Comunidades Llaquash, San Martín, Peru. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis (ISBN-13: 978-9848415-3-0). Paniagua Zambrana, N.Y., Bussmann, R.W., Macía, M.J. (2012). El bosque SI tiene valor - el uso de palmeras en las comunidades campesinas e indígenas de la región de Inambari, Madre de Dios, Perú. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis (ISBN-13: 978-9848415-4-7). Paniagua Zambrana, N.Y., Bussmann, R.W., Vega, C., Téllez, C., Macía, M.J. (2012). Kampanak se usa para el techo pero ya no hay - Uso y conservación de palmeras entre los Awajun, Amazonas, Perú. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis (ISBN-13: 978-9848415-5-4). Paniagua Zambrana, N.Y., Bussmann, R.W., Macía, M.J. (2012). El conocimientos de nuestros ancestros - los Ese Eja y su uso de palmeras, Madre de Dios, Peru. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis (ISBN-13: 978-9848415-6-1). Paniagua, N., Bussmann, R.W., Blacutt, E., Macía, M.J. (2012). Conservando nuestros bosques: conocimiento y uso de las palmeras en las comunidades campesinas del norte de Bolivia. La Paz and William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis (ISBN-13: 978-9848415-1-6). Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Zambrana, N. (2011). La etnobotanica de los Chacobo: Traduccion de “Boom, B. – The Ethnobotany of the Chacobo Indians, Beni, Bolivia”. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis. Paniagua Zambrana, N., Bussmann, R.W., Blacutt, E., Macia, M.J. (eds.). (2011). Los Chacobo y las Palmeras. William L. Brown Center, MBG, St. Louis, (ISBN-13: 978-0-9848415-0-9). Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2007). Plants of the four winds - The magic and medicinal flora of Peru. Plantas de los cuatro vientos - La flora mágica y medicinal del Perú. Arogya, Honolulu. (ISBN-13: 978-0-9789962-3-9). Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2007). Plants of longevity - The medicinal flora of Vilcabamba. Plantas de longevidad - La flora medicinal de Vilcabamba. Arogya, Honolulu (ISBN-13: 978-0-9789962-2-2). Bussmann, R.W. (2007). Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) – Paratiisin lahja. Hamina, Medilife. Bussmann, R.W. (2007). Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) – Regalo del Paraiso. Arogya, Honolulu (ISBN-13: 978-0-9789962-0-8). Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) – A Gift from Paradise. Arogya, Honolulu (ISBN-13: 978-0-9789962-1-5). Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Navarrete, H. (Eds.). (2005). Memorias del II Congreso de Biodiversidad de los Andes y Amazonia y IV Ecuatoriano de Botánica. Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja. Loja-Ecuador. Romero Fernández, L.M., Lucero Mosquera, H., Aguirre Mendoza, Z., Torracchi Carrasco, S., Suárez Calderon, J.P., Bussmann, R.W. (Eds.) (2003). II. Congreso de la conservación de la biodiversidad en los Andes y en la Amazonia – IV. Congreso ecuatoriano de botánica, 25-30 de agosto de 2003, Loja, Ecuador. Volumen de resumenes, 328p, Loja, UTPL. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Parque Nacional Podocarpus, Ecuador – Derrumbes naturales y la flora pionera. Rapid Color guide #158, The Field Museum, Chicago. Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.) (2002 CD, 2003 hardcopy). Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Conservation of Biodiversity in the Andes and the Amazon, Cusco, 24.-28.09.2001. Memorias del Congreso – Congress Proceedings. CD: 732p, hardcopy 686p., INKA, München (ISBN: 3-936425-00-0). Bejár, E., Bussmann, R.W., Roa, C., Sharon, D. (2002) Medicinal Herbs of Southern Ecuador – Hierbas Medicinales del Sur Ecuatoriano, 340p. San Diego, Latino Herbal Press. Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.) (2001). Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Reuniendo a Científicos, ONGs y Comunidades Locales. Volumen de resumenes, I. Congreso de Biodiversidad, Cusco, 24.-28.09.01, 131p., INKA, München (ISBN: 3-936425-02-7). Bussmann, R.W. (1994). The forests of Mount Kenya (Kenya) - Vegetation, Ecology, Destruction and Management of a tropical mountain forest ecosysstem. Dissertation Universität Bayreuth. Bussmann, R.W. (1993). The forests of Mount Kenya (Kenya) - A phytosociological approach with special reference to ecologial problems. Diplomarbeit, Universität Tübingen, pp. 1-119, 5 tab.
Book Reviews
Bussmann, R.W. (in press). The Aymara Indian Perspectives on Development in the Andes. Eisenberg, A. 2013. Economic Botany. Bussmann, R.W. (in press). Genera Palmarum. The Evolution and Classification of Palms. John Dransfield, Natalie W. Uhl, Conny B. Asmussesn, William J. Baker, Madeline M. Harley and Carl E. Lewis. 2014. Economic Botany. Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Plants of Bastar, Chhattisgarh. Madhu Ramnath. 2006. Plant Science Bulletin 56(1) 2010, 46. Áviles-Vázquez, K.R., Bussmann R.W. (2009). The Future Control of Food: A Guide to International Negotiations and Rules on Intellectual Property, Biodiversity and Food Security. Tansey G., Rajotte, T. (eds.) The Professional Geographer, 61, (3) 423-424. Bussmann, R.W. (2008). The Mountain Flora of Java. van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (Author), Hamzah, A., Toha, M. (Illustrations). 2007 (2. edition). Plant Science Bulletin. Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems. Jarvis, Devra I., Christine Padoch, and H. David Cooper (eds). Economic Botany 62(1), 108. Bussmann, R.W. (2007). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. Umberto Quattrocchi. Plant Science Bulletin 53(1), 31-32. Bussmann, R.W. (2007). Illustrated Flora of East Texas, Volume I. Diggs, G.M.Jr., Lipscomb, B.L., Reed, M.D., O’Kennon, R.J.. Plant Science Bulletin 53(1), 33-34. Bussmann, R.W. (2007). Flora generica de los paramos - Guia ilustrada de las plantas vasculares. Sklenar, P., LuteyN, J.L., Ulloa Ulloa, C., Joergensen, P.M., Dillon, M. Economic Botany 61(1), 102-103. Bussmann, R.W. (2007). Edible Medicines - An Ethnopharmacology of Food. Etkin, N. Economic Botany 61(2), 198. Bussmann, R.W. (2006) Plant Conservation. An Ecosystem Approach. Hamilton A., Hamilton P. Economic Botany 60(4), 392. Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Anadenanthera - Visionary Plant of Ancient South America. Torres, C.M., Repke, D.B. Economic Botany 60(3), 302. Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and Conservation in Northern Mexico. Cartron, Jean-Luc E., Gerardo Ceballos, Richard S. Felger (Eds.). Economic Botany 60(2), 198-199. Bussmann, R.W. (2006). Encyclopedic Dictionary of Plant Breeding and Related Subjects. Schlegel, R.H.J. Phytomedicine 13(6), 457. Bussmann, R.W. (2005). Recent Progress in Medicinal Plants Vol. 5 – Crop Improvement, Production Technology, Trade and Commerce. Govil, J.N., Pandey, J., Shivakumar, B.G., Singh, V.K. (Eds.). Phytomedicine 12, 161. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Medicinal Mushrooms – Ancient Remedies for Modern Ailments. Halpern, M.G., Miller, A.H. Phytomedicine 11(2-3), 272. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Ein Schatz von Masdevallia. Eine Monographie der Gattung Masdevallia / A Treasury of Masdevallia. A Monograph of the Genus Masdevallia. Luer, Carlyle A. Economic Botany 58(2), 326. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXII/XIII. Systematics of Masdevallia Part Three and Four. Luer, Carlyle A. Economic Botany 58(2), 325. Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Naturheilpraxis Heute – Lehrbuch und Atlas. Bierbach, E. (Ed.). Phytomedicine 10(2-3), 265. Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Medicinal plants – Culture, Utilization and Pharmacology. Li, T.S.C. Phytomedicine 8(2), 162.
Papers Presented at National and International Conferences
Bussmann, R.W. (2014). Ethics in Ethnobiology - implementation of the Nagoya Protocol. 14th ISE congress, Bhutan, June 1-7, 2014. Paniagua Zambrana, N., Bussmann, R.W. (2014). Influence of socioeconomic factors in conservation of traditional knowledge. 14th ISE congress, Bhutan, June 1-7, 2014. Kunwar, R.M, Bussmann, R.W., Fadiman, M., Cameron, M.M. (2014). Dynamics of Ethnopharmacopoeias in Nepal’s Western Himalaya. Himalayan Society Conference, Yale University, CT, March 14-16, 2014. Kunwar, R.M., Chaudhary, C.L., Acharya, R.P., Bussmann, R.W. (2014). Herbs, Habitats and Healers in Himalaya: Observations fromWestern Nepal. Mountain Observatories 2014, University of Nevada, Reno, July 16-19, 2014. Rakotoarivelo, N.H., Rakotoarivony, F., Ramarosandratana, A.V., Jeannoda, V., Kuhlman, A., Randrianasolo, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2014). Medicinal Plants: first aid in Madagascar rural areas (Case of Ambalabe rural commune), AETFAT, Stellenbosch. Randrianarivony, T., Andriamihajarivo, T., Rakotoarivony, F., Jeannoda, V., Ramarosandratana, A.V., Randrianasolo, A., Kuhlman, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2014). Variation of useful plant knowledge between two categories of informants (local expert and general community) living in three communities of Sakaraha, Toliary Southwestern Madagascar. AETFAT, Stellenbosch. Randrianarivony, T., Andriamihajarivo, T., Rakotoarivony, F., Jeannoda, V., Ramarosandratana, A.V., Randrianasolo, A., Kuhlman, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2014). Economic value of Analavelona sacred forest, case of honey production, agriculture and livestock and the relationship with forest conservation. AETFAT, Stellenbosch. Rakotoarivelo, N.H., Razanatsima, A., Rakotoarivony, F., Ramarosandratana, A.V., Jeannoda, V., Kuhlman, A., Randrianasolo, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2014). Ethnobotanical and economic value of the four forms of the famous Ravenala madagascariensis Sonn. in Betsimisaraka lives (case of Ambalabe rural commune). AETFAT, Stellenbosch. McCune, L., Bussmann, R.W., Gilmore, P.M., Offringa, L. (2013). SEB Code of Ethics. Invited workshop, 54th annual meeting of the Society for Economic Botany, Plymouth 28.6. – 2.7. 2013, p. 162-163. Paniagua-Zambrana, N., Cámara-Leret, R., Bussmann, R.W., Macía, M.J. (2013). The influence of socioeconomic factors in the conservation of traditional knowledge: a cross scale comparison of palm use patterns in Northwestern South America. 54th annual meeting of the Society for Economic Botany, Plymouth 28.6. – 2.7. 2013, p. 122. Paniagua-Zambrana, N., Cámara-Leret, R., Bussmann, R.W., Macía, M.J. (2013). The influence of socioeconomic factors in the conservation of traditional knowledge: a cross scale comparison of palm use patterns in Northwestern South America. EUNOPS XIII, 11-12. May 2013, Aarhus. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Z, N.Y. (2012). El conocimiento tradicional en un mundo cambiante-nuevos puntos de vista de los Chácobo en Bolivia. Congreso Botánico de Bolivia, La Paz, October 11-15, 2012. Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Ética en la etnobiología – La implementación del Protocolo de Nagoya. Congreso Botanico de Bolivia, La Paz, October 11-15, 2012. Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Anthraquinone content in Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.). 13. International Conference of the International Society for Ethnopharmacology, Graz, Austria, 01.-06.09.2012, 22. Randrianarivony, T., Ramarosandratana, A.V., Jeannoda, H.V., Randrianasolo, A., Bussmann R.W. (2012). Knowledge of plants used to heal childhood diseases in Sakaraha (South western of Madagascar). 13. International Conference of the International Society for Ethnopharmacology, Graz, Austria, 01.-06.09.2012. Rakotoarivelo, N.H., Ramarosandratana, A.V., Jeannoda, H.V., Randrianasolo, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2012). The importance of traditional medicine in the Ambalabe Rural Commune, Eastern Madagascar. 13. International Conference of the International Society for Ethnopharmacology, Graz, Austria, 01.-06.09.2012. Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Una década de etnobotánica en el Norte de Perú – de curanderismo y mercados a bio-ensayos, paleobotánica y consideraciones del Protocolo de Nagoya. Congreso Botanico de Peru, Trujillo, 09-12.10. 2012. Ghorbani, A., Bussmann, R.W., Arazzadeh, Y., Sauerborn, J. (2012). Wild collection and use of Allium paradoxum (M. Bieb.) G. Don among Turkmens of Northern Iran. 13. ICE, Montpellier, May 20-24, 2012. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Z, N.Y. (2012). Tujujinak se usa para el techo pero ya no hay – language and its implication for the maintenance of traditional knowledge and resource conservation in the Andes and the Amazon of Bolivia and Peru. 53. Conference of the Society for Economic Botany, Frostburg, June 2-6, 2012. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Z, N.Y. (2012). Traditional knowledge in a changing world - new insights from the Chacobo in Bolivia. Soeciety for Ethnobiology Conference, Denver, 11.-13.04.2012. Bussmann, R.W. (2012). Toxicity of medicinal plants used in Northern Peru. 13. International Conference of the International Society for Ethnopharmacology, Kolkata, India, 16-20.02.2012. Paniagua Zambrana, N., Bussmann, R.W., Camara Leret, R. Macia, M.J. (2012). Medicinal uses and conservation of palms in the Andes and the Amazon of Peru and Bolivia. 13. International Conference of the International Society for Ethnopharmacology, Kolkata, India, 16-20.02.2012. Bussmann, R.W. (2011). "I know every tree, every single tree one can see" - The life and legacy of Richard E. Schultes. Society for Economic Botany and Botanical Society of America conference, St. Louis, MO. July 9-13, 2011. Bussmann, R.W., Paniagua Z, N.Y. (2011). Traditional knowledge in a changing world - new insights from the Chacobo in Bolivia. Society for Economic Botany and Botanical Society of America conference, St. Louis, MO. July 9-13, 2011. Paniagua Z, N.Y., Camara L., R., Bussmann, R.W., Macia, M. (2011). Differences in traditional use of palms reflect the life history of users - the case of indigenous and campesino communities in Beni, Bolivia. Society for Economic Botany and Botanical Society of America conference, St. Louis, MO. July 9-13, 2011. Applequist, W.L., Kuhlman, A.R., Solomon, J.C., Lowry II, P.P., Bussmann, R.W., Magill, R.E. (2011). The Missouri Botanical Garden's DNA Bank: Expanding opportunities to serve the American systematics community. Society for Economic Botany and Botanical Society of America conference, St. Louis, MO. July 9-13, 2011. Pourmand, K., Jonat, B., Bussmann, R.W., Glenn, A., Sharon, D., Chait, G., Díaz, D., Somogy, S., Guardado, G., Aguirre, C., Chan, R., Meyer, K., Rothrock, A., Townesmith, A. (2010). Antimicrobial Activity and Toxicity of Northern Peruvian Medicinal Plants. Global Health Education Consortium (GHEC) Conference 2010; 9-11 April 2010; Cuernavaca, MX. Abstract A33. Kunwar, R.M., Katuwal, Y., Shrestha, R.D., Karki, J.B., Shrestha, K., Bussmann, R.W. (2010). Climate change, medicinal plants and ethnobotany: observations and review. HIMCCA conference June 3-4, 2010, Kathmandu. Bussmann, R.W. Missouri Botanical Garden – Plants for a sustainable future. (2010). Missouri Life Science Summit, UM Kansas City, March 7-9, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. William L. Brown Center – Plants for a sustainable future. (2010). 9th Annual Oxford International Conference on the Science of Botanicals. University of Mississippi, April 12-15, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. (2010). East African plant use – differences in plant use between nomadic and agricultural societies. Aetfat Conference, Antananarivo, Madagascar, April 25-May 1, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. (2010). East African plant use – differences in plant use between nomadic and agricultural societies. (2010). Society for Ethnobiology conference, Victoria, BC., May 4-8, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. East African plant use – differences in plant use between nomadic and agricultural societies. Society for Economic Botany conference, Xalapa, Mexico, June 5-11, 2010, p. 37. Bussmann, R.W. (2010). “I know every tree, every single tree one can see…” – The life and legacy of Richard E. Schultes. BSA Economic Botany Symposium, Providence, July 31 – August 5, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. Herbal mixtures in traditional medicine in Northern Peru. (2010). BSA, Providence, July 31 – August 5, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. (2010). East African plant use – differences in plant use between nomadic and agricultural societies. BSA, Providence, July 31 – August 5, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. (2010). The William L. Brown Center at Missouri Botanical Garden: Two decades of global ethnobotanical research and sustainable resource development. Biological diversity: exploration, understanding and use. Meise, Belgium, September 16-18, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. (2010). The William L. Brown Center at Missouri Botanical Garden: partnership and capacity building in ethnobotanical research in Northern Peru. International Society for Ethnopharmacology conference, Albacete, Spain, September 21-25, 2010. Bussmann, R.W., Malca-García, G., Glenn, A., Sharon, D., Chait, G., Díaz, D., Pourmand, K., Jonat, B., Somogy, S., Guardado, G., Aguirre, C., Chan, R., Meyer, K.1, Kuhlman, A., Townesmith, A., Effio-Carbajal ,J., Frías-Fernandez ,F. (2010). Minimum inhibitory concentration of medicinal plants used in Northern Peru as antibacterial remedies. International Society for Ethnopharmacology conference, Albacete, Spain, September 21-25, 2010. Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Indian traditional knowledge in a global context. Indian Traditional Knowledge – History, Influences and New Directions for Natural Science. February 22-23, 2009. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2009). Naming a phantom: the quest to find the identity of “Ulluchu”. 32nd annual conference of the Society for Ethnobiology, New Orleans, April 1-4, 2009. Glenn, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2009). “Sacred Seeds” – Keeping the source of traditional knowledge alive. 32nd annual conference of the Society for Ethnobiology, New Orleans, April 1-4, 2009. Glenn, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2009). “Sacred Seeds” – Keeping the source of traditional knowledge alive. Third Alan G. Johnson Memorial Conference on Ethnomedicine, Health and Environmental Conservation. Costa Rica, April 30-May 5, 2009. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2009). Naming a phantom: the quest to find the identity of “Ulluchu”. 50th annual conference of the Society of Economic Botany, Charleston, May 31 -June 4, 2009. Glenn, A., Bussmann, R.W. (2009). “Sacred Seeds” – Keeping the source of traditional knowledge alive. Botanical Society of America annual conference, Snowbird Utah, July 25-30, 2009. Bussmann, R.W. (2009). William L. Brown Center – Plants for a sustainable future. Botanical Society of America annual conference, Snowbird Utah, July 25-30, 2009. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2009). Naming a phantom: the quest to find the identity of “Ulluchu”. Botanical Society of America annual conference, Snowbird Utah, July 25-30, 2009. Bussmann, R.W. (2009). Mercados, Curanderos, Vendedores, Colectores – la sustentabilidad del uso de plantas medicinales en el norte Peruano. - Markets, Healers, Vendors, Collectors, – the sustainability of medicinal plant use in Northern Peru. 1. Congreso de Botanica de Bolivia, taller de etnobotanica, October 27-28, 2009. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2009). Sombras del pasado colonial – las diferencias en el uso de plantas medicinales en el Norte de Peru y Sur de Ecuador - Shadows of the colonial past – diverging plant use in Northern Peru and Southern Ecuador. 1. Congreso de Botanica de Bolivia, October 29-30, 2009. Bussmann, R.W. (2008). The William L. Brown Center for Plant Genetic Resources: Plants for a Sustainable Future. Botanical Society of America, Economic Botany Section lunch talk, University of British Columbia, Vancoucer, BC, July 26-30, 2008. Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Traditional medicinal plant use in Northern Peru -Tracking two thousand years of healing culture. International Society for Ethnobiology, Cuso, Peru, June 25-28, 2008. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D., Vandebroek, I., Jones, A. (2008). Health for Sale: The Medicinal Plant Markets in Trujillo and Chiclayo, Northern Peru. Society for Economic Botany, Durham, June 1-5, 2008, p26-27, Duke University. Bussmann, R.W. (2008). From Sierra to Coast: Tracing the supply of medicinal plants in Northern Peru – a plant collector’s tale. Society for Ethnobiology, Fayetteville, April 16-19, 2008. Kunwar, R.M., Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Medicinal plant resources, ethnopharmacology, community management interventions and development of the Western Nepal Himapaya. In: “Mountain forests in a changing world”, Vienna, Austria, April 2-4, 2008, p32. BOKU, Vienna. Kunwar, R.M., Bussmann, R.W. (2008). Medicinal, aromatic and dye plants of Baitadi and Darchula districts, Nepal Himalaya: status, uses and management. Third International Symposium on Biodiversity and Natural Heritage in Himalaya. Naturekunde Museum Erfurt, Germany. April 18-20, 2008. 13p. Bussmann, R.W. (2008). From mountains to coast: Sustainability and market value of medicinal plants in Northern Peru. In: “Mountain forests in a changing world”, Vienna, Austria, April 2-4, 2008, p17. BOKU, Vienna. Bussmann, R.W. (2008). The tropical Andes as source for traditional medicines – implications of globalizing market economy and climate change. In: Weiss, M.M., Dalitz, H., Kueppers, M., Pfitz, M., Zimmermann, R.: Consequences of Climate Change on Tropical Ecosystems. GTOE 2008, Hohenheim, Germany, February 18-22, 2008, p96. Ulmer, Stuttgart. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2008). Vegetation on natural and anthropogenic landslides in the eastern part of Podocarpus National Park, Ecuador. In: Weiss, M.M., Dalitz, H., Kueppers, M., Pfitz, M., Zimmermann, R.: Consequences of Climate Change on Tropical Ecosystems. GTOE 2008, Hohenheim, Germany, February 18-22, 2008,p82. Ulmer, Stuttgart. Ghorbani, A., Kueppers, M., Bussmann, R.W. (2007). Ethnomedical Practices among Iranian Turkmen. 6th European Colloquium on Ethnopharmacology, 20. Fachkonferenz Ethnomedizin - Joint Meeting, Leipzig, 8-10 Nov 2007. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2007). Gaining ground while losing its resources? Traditional Medicine in Northern Peru and Southern Ecuador. 48th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany Chicago, Illinois, June 4-7, 2007. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2007). Traditional medicine in southern Ecuador and northern Peru: Changes in practice and plant use from pre-Columbian times to today. 30th Ethnobiology Conference, Berkeley, March 28-30, 2007. Bussmann, R.W., Sharon, D. (2007). Antibacterial activity of northern Peruvian medicinal plants: A low cost laboratory approach to assess biological activity. 30th Ethnobiology Conference, Berkeley, March 28-30, 2007. Ghorbani, A., Mosaddegh, M., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2007). Wild edible plants of the Turkmen Sahra area (NE Iran). I. International medicinal and aromatic plants conference on culinary herbs, Antalya, Turkey, 29.4. - 04.05.2007. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W., Kueppers, M. (2006). Vegetation on Natural and Anthropogenic Landslides in the Eastern Part of Podocarpus National Park, Ecuador. Symposium “Landslides and the Large-scale Organization of Tropical Montane Ecosystems” Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation Annual Meeting “Tropical Biology: Meeting the Needs of Changing Tropical Ecosystems” Kunming, China, July 18-21 2006. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Ethnobotany and biodiversity conservation-holistic approaches from Eastern Africa and Latin America. Iranian J. Pharm. Res. 2004 (3, Supplement 2), p. 19-20. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Regeneration and succession patterns in African, Andean and Pacific Tropical Mountain Forests: The role of natural and anthropogenic disturbance. Abstract in: Ammer, C., Weber, M., Mosandl, R. (eds.): Regenerating Mountain Forests. IUFRO/RMF2004, Seeon, Germany, September 12-16, 2004, p. 59. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). La diversidad floristica andina y su importancia por la diversidad cultural – ejemplos del Norte de Peru y Sur de Ecuador. Abstract, I. Congreso Internacional de Diversidad Biologica y Cultural Andina. Trujillo, Peru, August 9-14, 2004, p. 8-9. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Vegetation and species richness patterns of East African tropical montane forests. Abstract, 47th IAVS Congress, Kailua-Kona, July 18-23, 2004, p. 33. Kiefer, S., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Using seedling distribution in different disturbance stages in Kakamega Forest, West Kenya as means for the characterization of regeneration strategies. Abstract, 47th IAVS Congress, Kailua-Kona, July 18-23, 2004, p. 98. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Vegetation on natural and anthropogenic landslides at the eastern part of Podocarpus National Park. Abstract, 47th IAVS Congress, Kailua-Kona, July 18-23, 2004, p. 118. Njoroge, G.N. Bussmann, R., Gemmill, B., Newton, L.E., Ngumi V.W. (2004). Antimalarial Ethnophytotherapeutic Resources In Central Kenya: An Important Component For Homegardens And Agroforestry Systems In A Changing Society. Abstract, 9th ISE Congress, Kent, p. 88. Njoroge, G.N., Bussmann, R. (2004). Community Education in Ethnophytotherapeutic Resources Conservation: An Essential Role of Ethnopharmacology Research for Development of Traditional Communities in the 21st Century. Posterabstract, 9th ISE Congress, Kent, p. 89. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Flora, vegetación, procesos de regeneración, potencial de uso y manejo sostenible de Bosques Montanos Tropicales: El ejemplo del Sur de Ecuador en una perspectiva global. Abstract in: Lacherre, M.R., Rodruguez Rodriguez, E.F., Weigand, M., Chaman Medina, M.E., Ruiz, J.C.: X. CONABOT, Libro de Resumenes, Trujillo, Peru, UNT, May 2-5, 2004, p. 24-25. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Bosques Andinos del Sur de Ecuador - Classificacion, Regeneracion y uso. Abstract in: Lacherre, M.R., Rodruguez Rodriguez, E.F., Weigand, M., Chaman Medina, M.E., Ruiz, J.C.: X. CONABOT, Libro de Resumenes, Trujillo, Peru, UNT, May 2-5, 2004, p. 282. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Derumbes naturales y antropicos en los bosques andinos del Sur de Ecuador - Regeneracion y importancia por el mantenimiento de biodiversidad. Abstract in: Lacherre, M.R., Rodruguez Rodriguez, E.F., Weigand, M., Chaman Medina, M.E., Ruiz, J.C.: X. CONABOT, Libro de Resumenes, Trujillo, Peru, UNT, May 2-5, 2004, p. 283. Onyango, J.C., Bussmann, R.W., Abukutsa Onyango M.O. (2004). The Role of University Botanic Gardens in Environmental and Ethnobotanical Issues in Conservation in Kenya. Abstract 2nd International Botanic Garden Congress, Barcelona, April 16-22, 2004. Onyango, J.C., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Ethnobotanical Issues in Biodiversity Conservation in the Tropics. Posterabstract, GTOE2004, Bayreuth, Germany, February 18-20. Onyango, J.C., Bussmann, R.W., Abukutsa Onyango M.O. (2004). University Botanical Garden, Maseno. Conserving Biodiversity in the Tropics for Future Biotechnology Needs. Abstract, GTOE2004, Bayreuth, Germany, February 18-20. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Vegetation on Natural and Anthropogenic Landslides in the Eastern part of Podocarpus National Park. In: Biodiversity, and ecosystem dynamics in tropical ecosystems. Abstract, GTOE2004, Bayreuth, Germany, February 18-20, 2004, p. 82. Bussmann, R.W. (2004). Tropical Mountain Forests – Regeneration Processes, use patterns and their implications for use. Abstract, GTOE2004, Bayreuth, Germany, February 18-20, 2004, p. 91. Njoroge, G.N. Bussmann, R., Gemmill, B., Newton, L.E., Ngumi V.W. (2003). Some applied aspects of pollination for increased fruit and seed productivity with special reference to Citrullus lanatus (Watermelon). Abstract, 6th African Crop Science Congress, Nairobi, Kenya, October 2003. Onyango, J.C., Nyunja, R.A.O., Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Conservation of biodiversity in the East African Tropical Forest. Abstract in: Romero Fernández, L.M., Lucero Mosquera, H., Aguirre Mendoza, Z., Torracchi Carrasco, S., Suárez Calderon, J.P., Bussmann, R.W. (Eds.) (2003). II. Congreso de la conservación de la biodiversidad en los Andes y en la Amazonia – IV. Congreso ecuatoriano de botánica, 25-30 de agosto de 2003, Loja, Ecuador. Volumen de resumenes, p. 266, Loja, UTPL. Kiefer, S., Bussmann, R.W. (2003). The meaning of regeneration strategies and anthropogenic influence for the forest expansion in East African montane forest ecosystems – a modeling approach. Abstract in: Romero Fernández, L.M., Lucero Mosquera, H., Aguirre Mendoza, Z., Torracchi Carrasco, S., Suárez Calderon, J.P., Bussmann, R.W. (Eds.) (2003). II. Congreso de la conservación de la biodiversidad en los Andes y en la Amazonia – IV. Congreso ecuatoriano de botánica, 25-30 de agosto de 2003, Loja, Ecuador. Volumen de resumenes, p. 212, Loja, UTPL. Njoroge, G.N., Barbara, G., Bussmann, R.W., Newton, L.E., Ngumi V.W. (2003). Utilization of weed species as source of traditional medicines in Central Kenya: Optimizing resource efficiency (R.U.E.) in agro-ecosystems. Abstract in: Romero Fernández, L.M., Lucero Mosquera, H., Aguirre Mendoza, Z., Torracchi Carrasco, S., Suárez Calderon, J.P., Bussmann, R.W. (Eds.) (2003). II. Congreso de la conservación de la biodiversidad en los Andes y en la Amazonia – IV. Congreso ecuatoriano de botánica, 25-30 de agosto de 2003, Loja, Ecuador. Volumen de resumenes, p. 229, Loja, UTPL. Uday, V., Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Distribución Florística del bosque de neblina montano en la Reserva Tapichalaca, Cantón Palanda. – Floristic distribution in two plots in the cloud forest of Reserva Tapichalaca, Canton Palanda. Abstract in: Romero Fernández, L.M., Lucero Mosquera, H., Aguirre Mendoza, Z., Torracchi Carrasco, S., Suárez Calderon, J.P., Bussmann, R.W. (Eds.) (2003). II. Congreso de la conservación de la biodiversidad en los Andes y en la Amazonia – IV. Congreso ecuatoriano de botánica, 25-30 de agosto de 2003, Loja, Ecuador. Volumen de resumenes, p. 168, Loja, UTPL. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Vegetación de derrumbes naturales y antrópicos en la parte occidental del Parque Nacional Podocarpus. - Vegetation on Natural and Antrophogenic Landslides in the Eastern Part of Podocarpus National Park. Abstract in: Romero Fernández, L.M., Lucero Mosquera, H., Aguirre Mendoza, Z., Torracchi Carrasco, S., Suárez Calderon, J.P., Bussmann, R.W. (Eds.) (2003). II. Congreso de la conservación de la biodiversidad en los Andes y en la Amazonia – IV. Congreso ecuatoriano de botánica, 25-30 de agosto de 2003, Loja, Ecuador. Volumen de resumenes, p. 199, Loja, UTPL. Bussmann, R.W. (2003). Flora, Vegetation and Regeneration Processes in Tropical Mountain Forest of Southern Ecuador and East Africa-A Comparison. Abstract in: Romero Fernández, L.M., Lucero Mosquera, H., Aguirre Mendoza, Z., Torracchi Carrasco, S., Suárez Calderon, J.P., Bussmann, R.W. (Eds.) (2003). II. Congreso de la conservación de la biodiversidad en los Andes y en la Amazonia – IV. Congreso ecuatoriano de botánica, 25-30 de agosto de 2003, Loja, Ecuador. Volumen de resumenes, p. 30, Loja, UTPL. Lozano, P., Bussmann, R.W. (2002). Dinámica de la regeneración de la vegetación en derrumbes naturales y antrópicos del Parque Nacional Podocarpus. Abstract, Universidad Técnica Particular Loja, taller annual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Estación Científica San Francisco, Loja. J.C. Onyango, Bussmann, R.W., Onyango, M.O.A. (2002). The university botanic garden, Maseno: a teaching centre for biodiversity management and germplasm conservation. Abstract, Proceedings of African Botanic Gardens Congress: “Partnerships and linkages” Durban Botanic Gardens, South Africa. 24th to 30th November 2002. Njoroge, G.N., Barbara, G., Bussmann, R.W., Newton, L.E., Ngumi V.W. (2002). Using plants for health. Indigenous knowledge of contemporary Kikuyu people (Kenya). Abstract, 8th ISE Congress, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, p54. Bussmann, R.W. (2002). Flora, Vegetation and Regeneration Processes in Tropical Mountain Forests of Southern Ecuador and Kenya – A Comparison. Abstract, GTÖ 2002 in Göttingen, p. 35. Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Los bosques montanos de la Reserva Biológica San Francisco (Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador): Zonación de la vegetación y regeneración natural. Abstract in: Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.) Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Reuniendo a Científicos, ONGs y Comunidades Locales. Volumen de resumenes, I. Congreso de Biodiversidad, Cusco, 24.-28.09.01, p. 29. München, INKA. Ordoñez, O., Galvez, J., Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Estudio dasometrico, composición floristica y regeneración natural del bosque alterado de montaña en la Estación Científica San Francisco. Poster abstract in: Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.) Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Reuniendo a Científicos, ONGs y Comunidades Locales. Volumen de resumenes, I. Congreso de Biodiversidad, Cusco, 24.-28.09.01, p. 44. München, INKA. Leischner, B., Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Uso de recursos maderables y mercado de madera en las provincias Loja y Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador. Poster abstract in: Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.) Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Reuniendo a Científicos, ONGs y Comunidades Locales. Volumen de resumenes, I. Congreso de Biodiversidad, Cusco, 24.-28.09.01, p. 96. München, INKA. Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Unidades de vegetación de reserva Biológica San Francisco: Una sintesis Fitosociológica. Abstract in: Bussmann, R.W., Lange, S. (Eds.) Conservación de la Biodiversidad en los Andes y la Amazonía – Reuniendo a Científicos, ONGs y Comunidades Locales. Volumen de resumenes, I. Congreso de Biodiversidad, Cusco, 24.-28.09.01, p. 110. München, INKA. Béjar, E., Bussmann, R.W., Roa, C., Sharon, D. (2001). Medical plants of Vilcabamba – interdisciplinary ethnobotanical research in Southern Ecuador. Poster abstract, 14. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tropenökologie, Bremen. Bussmann, R.W., Werner, F., Schaaf, A. (2001). Epiphyte diversity along altitudinal gradients and its relation to natural and anthropogenic disturbance in Podocarpus National Park, Southern Ecuador. Poster abstract, 14. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tropenökologie, Bremen. Gálvez M., J.R., Ordoñez G., O.R., Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Tree diversity, timber volumes and natural regeneration in Southern Ecuadorian Mountain forests. Poster abstract, 14. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tropenökologie, Bremen. Hartig, K., Ohl, C., Beck, E., Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Regeneration of anthropogenic versus natural landslides on Southern Ecuador. Poster abstract, 14. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tropenökologie, Bremen. Lange, S., Muchow, K., Bussmann, R.W. (2001). INKA – International Network for Cultural and Biological Diversity: New approaches to interdisciplinary research and conservation of biological and cultural diversity. Poster abstract, 14. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tropenökologie, Bremen. Leischner, B., Bussmann, R.W. (2001). Timber use and timber market in Loja and Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador – local selective forest use and its role in species extinction and forest destruction. Poster abstract, 14. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tropenökologie, Bremen. Ohl, C., Bussmann, R.W. (2001). How much disturbance does diversity need? The role of natural landslides for the maintenance of species diversity and ecosystem stability in Southern Ecuadorian Mountain Forests. Abstract, 14. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tropenökologie, Bremen. Njoroge, G.N., Gemmill, B., Bussmann, R., Newton, L.E., Ngumi, V.W. (2000). Pollination ecology of the Cucurbitaceae / cucurbits (case study at yatta, Kenya). National pollination initiative workshop. 14th Sept. 2000 National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya. Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Regeneration and succession processes in East African Mountain forests – A Review. Abstract, XVIth AETFAT International Congress. Scripta Botanica Belgica 20, p. 16-17. Bussmann, R.W., Werner, F., Schaaf, A. (2000). Epiphyte diversity in a tropical mountain ecosystems – the example of Estación Científica San Francisco, Southern Ecuador. Poster abstract, Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie 30, p. 154. Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Succession and Regeneration Patterns of East African Mountain Forests. Poster abstract, Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie 30, p. 202. Ohl, C., Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Vegetation on natural landslides in the tropical mountain forest of southern Ecuador, with special consideration of the altitudinal gradient. Poster abstract, Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie 30, p. 208. Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Vegetationsstufen der Bergwaldstufe im Podocarpus-National Park, Südecuador. Poster abstract, Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie 30, p. 159. Lange, S., Muchow, K., Bussmann, R.W. (2000). INKA – Internationales Netzwerk für Kultur- und Artenvielfalt: neue Ansätze zur Erhaltung der Bio- und Kulturdiversität. Poster abstract, Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie 30, p. 223. Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Conservation of biological and cultural diversity - Estación Científica San Francisco, Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador - Scientific research at the service of conservation, sustainable development and environmental education. Abstract, VII. International Congress on Ethnobiology, 45-46, Athens. Bussmann, R.W., Werner, F., Schaaf, A. (2000). Epiphyte diversity in a tropical mountain ecosystems – the example of Estación Científica San Francisco, Southern Ecuador. Poster abstract, GMBA-conference, Rigi-Kaltbad, 07.-10.09.2000. Gálvez M., J.R., Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Estudio floristico y dasometrico del bosque tropicál de montaña de la Estación Científica San Francisco. Poster abstract, Universidad Técnica Particular Loja, taller annual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Fundación Científica San Francisco, Loja. Ordoñez G., O.R., Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Estudio dasiometrico, composición floristica y regeneración natural del bosque alterado de montaña en la Estación Científica San Francisco. Poster abstract, Universidad Técnica Particular Loja, taller annual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Fundación Científica San Francisco, Loja. Ohl, C., Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Vegetación de derumbes naturales en los bosques montanos tropicales del Sur de Ecuador, con relación especial al gradiente altitudinal. Abstract, Universidad Técnica Particular Loja, taller annual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Fundación Científica San Francisco, Loja. Leischner, B., Bussmann, R.W. (2000). Uso de recursos maderables y mercado de madera en las provincias Loja y Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador. Poster abstract, Universidad Técnica Particular Loja, taller annual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Fundación Científica San Francisco, Loja. Alvarado, R.P., Bussmann, R.W. (1999). Diagnostico socioeconomico del area de influencia de la Estación Científica San Francisco, Ecuador. Poster abstract, Universidad Nacionál Loja, taller anual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Fundación Científica San Francisco, Loja. Alvarado, R.P., Bussmann, R.W. (1999). Vegetación natural del bosque de la Estación Científica San Francisco, Ecuador. Poster abstract, Universidad Nacionál Loja, taller anual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Fundación Científica San Francisco, Loja. Bussmann, R.W. (1999). Forest vegetation units along altitudinal gradients at Estación Científica San Francisco, Ecuador. Poster abstract, 12. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tropenökologie. Ulm/Donau. Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1999). Unidades de vegetación en el gradiente altitudinal de la Estación Científica San Francisco, Ecuador. Abstract, Universidad Nacionál Loja, taller anual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Fundación Científica San Francisco, Loja. Bussmann, R.W., Schaaf, A., Werner, F. (1999). Distribución altitudinal de epífitas en el bosque de la Estación Científica San Francisco, Ecuador. Poster abstract, Universidad Nacionál Loja, taller anual de presentación de resultados del programa de investigaciones de la Fundación Científica San Francisco, Loja. Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1994). The forests of Mt. Kenya (Kenya), a phytosociological synopsis - Poster abstract Botanikertagung '94, Bayreuth, 11.09.94 - 19.09.94). Bayreuth: DBG/VAB. Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1994). Regenerations- und Sukzessionsprozesse in den Ocotea-Wäldern des Mount Kenya - Poster abstract 24. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Ökologie). Frankfurt/Main. Bussmann, R.W., Beck, E. (1994). Syntaxonomical classification of the forests of Mount Kenya as an example for a new classification system of East African mountain forests. Abstract, XIVth AETFAT Congress, 22-27 August 1994. Wageningen.