Brunnera macrophylla
Common Name: Siberian bugloss
Type: Herbaceous perennial
Family: Boraginaceae
Native Range: Eastern Europe
Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 1.00 to 1.50 feet
Spread: 1.50 to 2.50 feet
Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: Intense blue
Sun: Part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Ground Cover, Naturalize
Flower: Showy
Tolerate: Rabbit

Culture

Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in part shade. Intolerant of dry soils. Prefers consistently moist, organically rich soils in shady areas. Easily grown from seed (perhaps best planted in autumn) and freely self-seed in the garden in optimum growing conditions. Clumps slowly spread by both creeping rhizomes and self-seeding to form thick ground covers.

Noteworthy Characteristics

Brunnera macrophylla, commonly called Siberian bugloss, is a rhizomatous, clump-forming perennial that is primarily grown in shady areas for its attractive heart-shaped, dark green, basal foliage. Small, forget-me-not-like flowers (light blue with yellow centers) bloom in airy, branched racemes rising well above the foliage on slender stems to 18" tall in spring. Basal, heart-shaped, blackish-green leaves (3-5" wide) form a foliage mound which remains attractive throughout the growing season. Smaller stem leaves are elliptic.

Bugloss comes from Greek meaning ox tongue in probable reference to the roughness and shape of the leaves.

Species is synonymous with and sometimes sold as Anchusa myosotidiflora.

Problems

No serious insect or disease problems. Slugs and snails are occasional visitors.

Garden Uses

Specimen, groups or mass as a ground cover. Borders, woodland gardens, naturalized areas or along streams or ponds.