Common Name: toad lily
Type: Herbaceous perennial
Zone: 4 to 9
Height: 2.00 to 3.00 feet
Spread: 1.50 to 2.00 feet
Bloom Time: August to September
Bloom Description: White, reddish-purple spots and yellowish throats
Sun: Part shade to full shade
Water: Medium to wet
Suggested Use: Naturalize
Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in part to full shade. Prefers moist, humusy, slightly acidic soils in part shade. Soil must not be allowed to dry out.
Toad lily is perhaps best known for its unique flowers, ability to bloom in shade and late summer to early fall bloom time. Features small, lily-like flowers (1 inch long) with six showy tepals (similar appearing sepals and petals) arranged in branched clusters (cymes) primarily at the stem ends but also in the upper leaf axils. Flowers are white with dense deep reddish-purple spotting and yellowish throats. Stems grow upright to 2-3' tall. A rhizomatous plant which will colonize in the garden over time. Broadly lance-shape leaves with parallel veins, hairy undersides and semi-clasping leaf bases. Synonymous with and sometimes still sold as T. stolonifera.
No serious insect or disease problems. Slugs are an occasional pest.
Borders, woodland gardens, shade gardens or naturalized areas. Plant in areas where they can be easily observed at close range, because the beauty and detail of the small flowers becomes lost at a distance.