Eucommia ulmoides
Common Name: hardy rubber tree 
Type: Tree
Family: Eucommiaceae
Native Range: Central China
Zone: 4 to 7
Height: 40.00 to 60.00 feet
Spread: 30.00 to 50.00 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: Greenish-brown
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree
Flower: Insignificant
Tolerate: Drought


Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to light shade. Best in full sun. Tolerates wide range of soil conditions except wet ones.

Noteworthy Characteristics

Eucommia ulmoides, commonly called hardy rubber tree, is typically grown as an ornamental shade tree because of its attractive glossy green foliage and its excellent resistance to insect and disease problems. It is native to China, but is possibly now extinct in the wild. It is a low-branching tree that typically grows 40-60’ tall with broad ascending branches and a rounded spreading crown. Dioecious with insignificant apetalous greenish brown male flowers (in clusters) and female flowers (solitary) on separate trees. Flowers bloom in April. Female flowers give way to flattened ash-like winged seeds (wings to 1.5” long). Serrate, elliptic to ovate, pointed, elm-like, glossy dark green leaves (3-6” long) remain attractive throughout the growing season. No fall color. As the common name suggests, rubber can in fact be made from the tree sap, but the extraction process is complicated and too costly for commercial application. Tear a leaf, break a twig or peel off some bark and a stringy latex-like sap appears.

Genus name comes from the Greek words eu meaning good and kommi meaning gum for the rubber gum of the tree.

Specific epithet means resembling elm (Ulmus) in reference to the similar leaf shape.


No serious insect or disease problems.


Shade tree for lawns or parks. Street tree.