Pinus mugo 'Valley Cushion'
Common Name: dwarf mountain pine
Type: Needled evergreen
Family: Pinaceae
Zone: 2 to 7
Height: 2.00 to 3.00 feet
Spread: 2.00 to 3.00 feet
Bloom Time: Non-flowering
Bloom Description: Non-flowering
Sun: Full sun
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Leaf: Evergreen
Other: Winter Interest
Tolerate: Deer, Air Pollution


Best grown in medium moisture, well-drained, organically rich, clay or sandy loams in full sun. Pruning is usually not necessary. Generally tolerant of urban conditions.

Noteworthy Characteristics

Mugo pine (also commonly called Swiss mountain pine) is a broad-spreading pine which grows to 20’ tall and is native to the mountains of central and southern Europe. ‘Valley Cushion’ is a dwarf cultivar with a globose form that typically matures to only 2-3’ tall and as wide over the first 10 years, but is very slow-growing (2-3” per year) and is commonly seen as a 1-2’ tall plant. Features unusually short, medium green needles (to 1” long) in bundles of two.


No frequently occurring insect or disease problems. Susceptible to rusts. Pine sawfly, scale, aphids and spider mites are occasional visitors in some areas.

Garden Uses

A dwarf evergreen for foundation plantings and rock gardens. Prized bonsai plant.