Oncidium (group)
Common Name: orchid
Type: Orchid
Family: Orchidaceae
Zone: 9 to 12
Height: 0.50 to 10.00 feet
Spread: 0.25 to 4.00 feet
Bloom Time: Seasonal bloomer
Bloom Description: Yellow and brown
Sun: Part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Medium
Flower: Showy, Fragrant
Leaf: Evergreen

Culture

Oncidium orchids are considered intermediate to warm orchids, requiring temperatures of 70 to 85 degrees F during the day and 55 to 65 degrees F at night. They can tolerate temperatures up to 95 degrees F if humidity and air movement are increased. Plants may be placed outdoors in summer in a shady location. Repot in a well-drained, orchid bark mix every two years in the spring when new growth is about half mature. Position the plant with the newest growth farthest away from the edge of the pot. Maintain humidity at 50% or greater and feed weekly after thorough watering with a balanced fertilizer at quarter to half strength. When flowers have faded, remove the flower spike at its base.

Noteworthy Characteristics

The Oncidium genus is comprised of some 750 species, and hybrids are created by crossing with other orchid genera such as Ondontoglossum, Miltonia, and Brassia. The erect flower spike is long and branching, bearing many small flowers, and originates from the leaf axil of recently matured growth. The flowers are small, usually one inch in size. The plants are epiphytic, in the wild growing on the branches and trunks of trees, although they are not parasites.

Genus name comes from the Greek word onkos meaning a tumor.

Problems

Relatively trouble free, but check for scale and mealybugs.

Garden Uses

Oncidium orchids are easy to grow and make attractive plants in the home.