Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Tried and Trouble-free Recommended by 7 Professionals
Species Native to Missouri
Common Name: Virginia creeper
Type: Vine
Family: Vitaceae
Native Range: Eastern United States to Mexico
Zone: 3 to 9
Height: 30.00 to 50.00 feet
Spread: 5.00 to 10.00 feet
Bloom Time: May to August
Bloom Description: Greenish white
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Medium
Flower: Insignificant
Leaf: Good Fall
Attracts: Birds
Fruit: Showy
Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Heavy Shade, Erosion, Clay Soil, Black Walnut

Culture

Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerates full shade and a wide range of soil and environmental conditions.

Noteworthy Characteristics

Virginia creeper is a deciduous, woody vine that is native to Missouri and occurs statewide in open areas in ravines, rich woods and valleys. A vigorous tendril-climber that needs no support and typically grows 30-50'. Adheres to flat surfaces (e.g., brick, stone or wood walls) via adhesive disks at the tendril ends. Compound-palmate leaves (usually 5 leaflets, with each leaflet to 6" long) emerge purplish in spring, mature to dull green in summer and change to purple to crimson-red in autumn. Fall color can be quite attractive. Clusters of small, greenish-white flowers appear in the upper leaf axils in late spring to early summer, but are generally hidden by the foliage. Flowers give way to dark blue to black berries which are attractive to birds. Closely related to and once included in the genus Ampelopsis.

Problems

No serious problems. Mildews, leaf spots, canker and wilt are occasional problems. Also susceptible to a number of insect pests including beetles, scale and leaf hoppers. Once attached to the side of a building or home, it becomes difficult to remove and will damage painted surfaces and leave residues.

Garden Uses

Excellent covering for walls, trellises, arbors or fences. May also be grown on the ground to cover old stumps, rock piles or other eyesores or for erosion control on slopes.