Common Name: jonquilla daffodil
Zone: 5 to 9
Height: 0.25 to 0.75 feet
Spread: 0.25 to 0.50 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: Lemon yellow with deeper yellow cups
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Flower: Showy, Good Cut
Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought
Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Good soil drainage is essential. Best in organically rich loams. Soils should be kept uniformly moist during the growing season. Plant bulbs in early to mid fall. Planting depth depends upon bulb size. In St. Louis, each bulb should be planted 2 to 3 times as deep as the bulb, with at least 3” of soil over the top. Space bulbs from 4-10” apart (larger bulbs are planted further apart than smaller ones). Larger spacing may look sparse in early years, but the spaces will fill in over time and division will be needed less. In general, most bulbs will be planted 3-6" deep and 4-8” apart. After the flowers have bloomed in spring, the top portion of each flower stem may be removed, as practicable, to prevent seed formation, but foliage should not be cut back until it begins to yellow. Flowers usually face the sun, so bulbs should be grown with any shade areas at the rear of the planting. Bulbs can be left undisturbed for a number of years. If bloom quality and quantity decline over time, clumps may be divided by digging just after the foliage dies back.
Narcissus is a genus of about 50 species of bulbous perennials from Europe and North Africa. They are a mainstay of the spring garden. Depending upon species or hybrid type, flowers appear singly or in clusters atop stems rising from 6-30” tall. Flowers generally feature a trumpet or cup (the corona) surrounded by six petals (perianth segments), in colors ranging from white to yellow to orange to pink to bicolors. Flowers are sometimes fragrant. Flowers bloom in early spring. Narrow, linear to strap-shaped, green leaves appear in erect to sprawling clumps. Narcissus has been organized into 13 divisions. See Narcissus (group) for more details.
Genus name honors a beautiful youth who became so entranced with his own reflection that he pined away and the gods turned him into this flower.
'Sundial' is a jonquilla narcissus (Division VII). This miniature jonquil rises to only 4-8" tall and features 1-2, lemon yellow flowers with slightly deeper yellow cups per scape. Bulbs are easily grown, multiply rapidly and can be left undisturbed for a number of years.
No serious insect or disease problems. With proper soil and culture, daffodils are noted for being almost pest-free. Bulb rot may occur in poorly-drained soils. Infrequent insect pests include narcissus bulb fly, narcissus nematode, slugs and snails. Bulb scale mite may occur. Narcissus yellow stripe virus is an infrequent problem.
This miniature jonquil grows well in intimate groupings in rock gardens, in border fronts, along walkways or in various other nooks and crannies around the home or yard. Mass near trees or shrubs or in sunny woodland areas. May also be used in window boxes, in containers or for indoor forcing.