Aquilegia viridiflora 'Chocolate Soldier'
Common Name: columbine
Type: Herbaceous perennial
Family: Ranunculaceae
Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 0.75 to 1.00 feet
Spread: 0.75 to 1.00 feet
Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: Chocolate purple petals and green sepals
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Flower: Showy, Fragrant
Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer


Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerates wide range of soils except heavy, poorly drained ones. Prefers rich, moist soils with light to moderate shade. Remove flowering stems after bloom to encourage additional bloom. Keep soils uniformly moist after bloom to prolong attractive foliage appearance. When foliage depreciates, plants may be cut to the ground.

Noteworthy Characteristics

This columbine cultivar features nodding, short-spurred, sweetly fragrant flowers with chocolate-purple petals, green sepals, yellowish-green stamens/anthers and brown spurs. Blooms in spring. Biternate, almost fern-like, bluish green foliage is somewhat suggestive of meadow rue (Thalictrum). Typically grows to 12" tall.


Susceptible to leaf miner. Foliage usually declines by mid-summer at which point it should be cut to the ground.

Garden Uses

Border fronts, rock gardens or cottage gardens.