Parkia timoriana
Common Name: tree bean 
Type: Tree
Family: Fabaceae
Native Range: Northeastern India
Zone: 12 to 12
Height: 70.00 to 100.00 feet
Spread: 70.00 to 100.00 feet
Bloom Time: February to April
Bloom Description: Clusters of white and yellow florets
Sun: Full sun
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Annual, Shade Tree
Flower: Showy, Fragrant
Leaf: Evergreen
Fruit: Showy, Edible
Tolerate: Drought


Best grown in evenly moist, loamy, well-draining, slightly acidic soils in full sun. Propagate from seed. Hardy in tropical climates Zone 12 and above. To increase germination rate, scarify the seeds and soak in water for 12-24 hours.

Noteworthy Characteristics

Parkia timoriana commonly called tree bean, is a large, semi-deciduous tree native to lowland, tropical forests in Southeast Asia and northeast India. Common in cultivation and often found as a shade tree in home gardens. Mature trees will reach up to 100' tall with a broad, spreading canopy of similar width. The bipinnately compound foliage can reach up to 1' long. Its numerous, small, fine leaflets create a feathery texture. The leaves remain on the tree for most of the year but fall off for a brief time during the dry season. Pear-shaped, pendant clusters of tiny white and yellow flowers bloom in spring and hang from the branches on sturdy stalks up to 1.5' long. The flowers are followed by linear, green seedpods (up to 1' long) that mature to a glossy black. The young, tender pods and seeds can be cooked and eaten.

Genus name honors African explorer Mungo Park (d. c. 1806).

The specific epithet timoriana refers to Timor, an island in Southeast Asia.


Larva of the almond moth (Cadra cautella) will eat the seeds and inflorescences.


Commonly planted as a shade tree in home gardens and coffee plantations.