Quercus shumardii

Species Native to Missouri
Common Name: shumard oak 
Type: Tree
Family: Fagaceae
Native Range: Southeastern United States
Zone: 5 to 9
Height: 40.00 to 60.00 feet
Spread: 30.00 to 40.00 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: Greenish
Sun: Full sun
Water: Dry to medium
Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden
Flower: Insignificant
Leaf: Good Fall
Tolerate: Drought, Dry Soil, Air Pollution


Easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, acidic, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions including wet soils.

Noteworthy Characteristics

Quercus shumardii, commonly called Shumard oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree of the red oak group. Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). Shiny, dark green leaves (6-8" long) with deep, spiny lobes (usually 7-9 lobes). Fall color appears late, but is often a respectable brownish red. Insignificant flowers in separate male and female catkins appear in early spring as the leaves emerge. Fruits are acorns which are usually not produced until the tree has reached the age of 25 years. Indigenous to central and southern Missouri in moist locations in bottomlands and lowlands, including sites along streams and lakes, valleys, floodplains and at the edge of swamps. However, in the St. Louis area, it is most often found on dry, elevated sites. Similar in appearance and habit to scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea).

Genus name comes from the classical Latin name for oak trees.


Generally a durable and long-lived tree, but is susceptible to a large number of potential diseases and insect pests, including anthracnose, canker, leaf spot, rust, blight, galls, caterpillars, borers, leaf miners, oak lace bug and oak mite. Chlorosis (yellowing of the leaves while the veins remain green) often occurs when soils are not properly acidic. Can be difficult to transplant and establish.


Shade tree, street tree, lawn tree. Does well in wide range of soils from dry locations to wet ground and low spots.