Sorbus alnifolia
Common Name: mountain ash 
Type: Tree
Family: Rosaceae
Native Range: Temperate Asia
Zone: 3 to 7
Height: 40.00 to 50.00 feet
Spread: 20.00 to 25.00 feet
Bloom Time: May
Bloom Description: White
Sun: Full sun
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Medium
Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy
Leaf: Good Fall
Attracts: Birds
Fruit: Showy


Best grown in moist, acidic, well-drained soils in full sun. As the common name suggests, this is a tree of cool mountain climates that dislikes hot and humid summers. It will not grow well the hot and humid summer conditions south of USDA Zone 7. Somewhat intolerant of urban pollution. Generally requires little pruning. Prune from late fall to early spring if needed.

Noteworthy Characteristics

Sorbus alnifolia, commonly called Korean mountain ash, is a small, densely-branched, deciduous, ornamental flowering tree of the rose family that is noted for its attractive form, creamy white flowers, simple beach-like leaves, red fall fruit and good fall color. It grows rapidly to 40-50’ tall by 25’ wide, with a pyramidal shape when young that rounds with age. Smooth, gray, beech-like bark is quite noticeable in winter. Dense flattened corymbs (to 3” across) of 6-10 small 5-petaled white flowers appear in May. Flowers are followed by pink to orange to scarlet berry-like pomes (to 5/8” long) that ripen in fall and remain on the tree even after leaf-drop. Ovate to lance-shaped, glossy, toothed, dark green leaves (to 4” long) are simple (leaves of most other species of mountain ash are compound). Golden orange fall color can be outstanding.

Genus name comes from the Latin name sorbum for the fruit of the service tree (Sorbus domestica).

Specific epithet means with alder-like leaves (Alnus). Mountain ashes usually have ash-like leaves (except this one), but are members of the rose family, and are not related to true ashes (Fraxinus), which are in the olive family.


On the plus side, Korean mountain ash is noted for its resistance to borers that attack other species of mountain ash. It is considered to be one of the best of the mountain ashes because of its pest resistance and form. However, bacterial fireblight can be a severe problem, causing scorched leaves at the branch ends. Scab can cause significant defoliation. Cankers, crown gall, powdery mildew and rust may also occur. Insect visitors include aphids, sawfly and scale. Stressed trees are generally more susceptible to attack from canker and borers.


Lawn specimen or small shade tree for cool northern climates.